Clinical and molecular aspects of Turkish familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis patients with perforin mutations
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to elucidate the pathologic sequence changes and associated clinical phenotypes in 9 new patients showing homozygosity for perforin gene among a total of 37 (24%) Turkish FHL families studied by linkage analysis. These 9 unrelated patients (5M/4F) were coming from consanguineous families and their presentation ages of systemic symptoms were ranged from birth to 15 years. Direct sequencing of coding exons of the perforin gene led to the identification of five different homozygous alterations. The nonsense W374X mutation was identified in three patients while four different missense mutations namely G149S, V50M, A91V and novel A523D were detected in the rest six patients.
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ABSTRACT: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) covers a wide array of related life-threatening conditions featuring ineffective immunity characterized by an uncontrolled hyperinflammatory response. HLH is often triggered by infection. Familial forms result from genetic defects in natural killer cells and cytotoxic T-cells, typically affecting perforin and intracellular vesicles. HLH is likely under-recognized, which contributes to its high morbidity and mortality. Early recognition is crucial for any reasonable attempt at curative therapy to be made. Current treatment regimens include immunosuppression, immune modulation, chemotherapy, and biological response modification, followed by hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (bone marrow transplant). A number of recent studies have contributed to the understanding of HLH pathophysiology, leading to alternate treatment options; however, much work remains to raise awareness and improve the high morbidity and mortality of these complex conditions.Hematology Research and Reviews 01/2014; 5:69-86. DOI:10.2147/JBM.S46255
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ABSTRACT: Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is a genetically heterogeneous disease. Presentation of the disease such as primarily fever, hepatosplenomegaly, and cytopenia, which are the results of functional degradation in cytotoxic T-lymphocytes and natural killer cells, activation of macrophages and T-lymphocytes, over production of proinflammatory cytokines, and hemophagocytosis. In all, 5 genetic loci have been identified in FHL, and all known affected genes encode critical components of the granule exocytosis pathway, which is essential for the release of cytotoxic granules and proteases that are necessary for targeted cell death. Herein we present an FHL patient with a severe clinical course and a very rare perforin gene mutation. The patient was homozygous for A665G mutation. However, the child died in a short period of time. Prenatal diagnosis was performed in the family and the fetus was found to be heterozygous for the mutation.Turkish Journal of Haematology 09/2012; 29(3):265-9. DOI:10.5505/tjh.2012.62134 · 0.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a clinical condition which result in cytotoxic Tcell and antigen presenting cell overproduction and also their cytokines. Hepatitis A Virus associated HLH is very rare condition among other viruses. This condition is often difficult to diagnose, so treatment is often delayed. Here we present a case of adolescent boy with secondary virus associated HLH diagnosis with Hepatitis A infection and successfull treatment by short course of intravenous immunoglobulin and steroid.Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion 09/2013; 30(S1). DOI:10.1007/s12288-013-0241-8 · 0.23 Impact Factor