Article

Neoadjuvant chemoradiation in patients with potentially resectable pancreatic cancer.

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata-City, Osaka, Japan.
Pancreas (Impact Factor: 3.01). 01/2008; 36(1):e26-32. DOI: 10.1097/mpa.0b013e31814b229a
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To retrospectively evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of 5-fluorouracil and low-dose cisplatin (FP)-based preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (PCRT) and gemcitabine (GEM)-based PCRT in patients with potentially resectable pancreatic cancer.
Between December 2000 and December 2004, 32 patients with potentially resectable pancreatic cancer were treated with PCRT. All patients received external beam radiotherapy (total dose of 40 Gy) for 4 weeks. Concurrently, chemotherapy was performed intravenously with continuous 5-fluorouracil 200 mg/m2/d and intermittent cisplatin bolus 3 to 6 mg/m2/d for 4 weeks (Arm FP-PCRT, n = 14) or weekly GEM 400 mg/m2 for 3 weeks (Arm GEM-PCRT, n = 18). The patients were restaged 3 to 4 weeks after the end of PCRT and explored for resection in cases without distant metastases.
The 3-year survival rates and median survival were 29.4% and 20.5 months for the resected patients (n = 24) and 0% and 5.5 months for unresected patients (n = 8), respectively (P < 0.0001). The 1-, 2-, 3-year survival rates and median survival were 87.5%, 62.5%, 33.3%, and 26 months for the resected patients treated with FP-PCRT and 75%, 40%, 26.7%, and 19.9 months for the resected patients treated with GEM-PCRT (respectively; P = not significant). Most of the toxicities of both regimens were slight and were in grade1 to 2. Grade 1 to 3 leukopenia (43% vs 100%) and thrombocytopenia (0% vs 39%) were significantly different between the FP-PCRT and GEM-PCRT patients.
The PCRT regimens in this article enabled selection of 24 of 32 patients for surgery and resulted in encouraging survival results and acceptable toxicities.

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