Neoadjuvant chemoradiation in patients with potentially resectable pancreatic cancer.
ABSTRACT To retrospectively evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of 5-fluorouracil and low-dose cisplatin (FP)-based preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (PCRT) and gemcitabine (GEM)-based PCRT in patients with potentially resectable pancreatic cancer.
Between December 2000 and December 2004, 32 patients with potentially resectable pancreatic cancer were treated with PCRT. All patients received external beam radiotherapy (total dose of 40 Gy) for 4 weeks. Concurrently, chemotherapy was performed intravenously with continuous 5-fluorouracil 200 mg/m2/d and intermittent cisplatin bolus 3 to 6 mg/m2/d for 4 weeks (Arm FP-PCRT, n = 14) or weekly GEM 400 mg/m2 for 3 weeks (Arm GEM-PCRT, n = 18). The patients were restaged 3 to 4 weeks after the end of PCRT and explored for resection in cases without distant metastases.
The 3-year survival rates and median survival were 29.4% and 20.5 months for the resected patients (n = 24) and 0% and 5.5 months for unresected patients (n = 8), respectively (P < 0.0001). The 1-, 2-, 3-year survival rates and median survival were 87.5%, 62.5%, 33.3%, and 26 months for the resected patients treated with FP-PCRT and 75%, 40%, 26.7%, and 19.9 months for the resected patients treated with GEM-PCRT (respectively; P = not significant). Most of the toxicities of both regimens were slight and were in grade1 to 2. Grade 1 to 3 leukopenia (43% vs 100%) and thrombocytopenia (0% vs 39%) were significantly different between the FP-PCRT and GEM-PCRT patients.
The PCRT regimens in this article enabled selection of 24 of 32 patients for surgery and resulted in encouraging survival results and acceptable toxicities.
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ABSTRACT: It is controversial whether endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is beneficial in all patients with suspected pancreatic cancer. The aim of this study was to assess diagnostic yield, safety and impact of EUS-FNA on management of patients with solid pancreatic mass. Consecutive patients undergoing EUS-FNA of solid pancreatic mass were enrolled. Gold standard for final diagnosis included histology from surgical resection. In patients without surgery, clinical evaluation methods and repeated imaging studies were used for the comparison of initial cytology and final diagnosis. Patients were followed-up prospectively focusing on subsequent treatment. Among 207 enrolled patients, final diagnosis was malignant in 163 (78.6%) and benign in 44 (21.4%). The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of EUS-FNA in diagnosing pancreatic cancer were 92.6% (95% CI: 87.20-95.96), 88.6% (95% CI: 74.64-95.64) and 91.8% (95% CI: 87.24-94.81), respectively. No major and five (2.4%) minor complications occurred. Of 151 true-positive patients by EUS-FNA, 57 (37.7%) were surgically explored, of whom 28 (49.1%) underwent resection. Ten of 12 patients with false-negative cytology were explored based on detection of mass on EUS, of whom two had a delay due to false-negative cytology without curative treatment. From the whole study cohort, EUS-FNA had positive and negative impacts on subsequent management in 136 (65.7%) and 2 (0.9%) patients, respectively. EUS-FNA provides accurate diagnosis in 92% and has positive therapeutic impact in two-thirds of patients with solid pancreatic mass. Despite negative cytology, surgical exploration is recommended in clinical suspicion for pancreatic cancer and solid mass on EUS.Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2010; 45(11):1372-9. DOI:10.3109/00365521.2010.503966 · 2.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic cancer utilizing low dose gemcitabine as a radiation sensitizer administered twice weekly. We performed a retrospective analysis of chemoradiotherapy utilizing gemcitabine administered twice weekly at a dose of 40 mg/m(2). After that, maintenance systemic chemotherapy with gemcitabine, at a dose of 1000 mg/m(2), was administered weekly for 3 wk with 1-wk rest until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity developed. Eighteen patients with locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer were enrolled. Three of those patients could not continue with the therapy; one patient had interstitial pneumonia during radiation therapy and two other patients showed liver metastasis or peritoneal metastasis during an early stage of the therapy. The median survival was 15.0 mo and the overall 1-year survival rate was 60%, while the median progression-free survival was 8.0 mo. The subgroup which showed the reduction of tumor development, more than 50% showed a tendency for a better prognosis; however, other parameters including age, gender and performance status did not correlate with survival. The median survival of the groups that died of liver metastasis and peritoneal metastasis were 13.0 mo and 27.7 mo, respectively. Chemoradiotherapy with low-dose gemcitabine administered twice weekly could be effective to patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer; however, patients developing liver metastases had a worse prognosis. Another chemoradiotherapy strategy might be needed for those patients, such as administrating one or two cycles of chemotherapy initially, followed by chemoradiotherapy for the cases with no distant metastases.World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2008; 14(34):5311-5. · 2.43 Impact Factor