Clinical course of optic neuritis in patients with relapsing neuromyelitis optica.
ABSTRACT To describe the clinical characteristics, course, and prognosis of optic neuritis in recurrent neuromyelitis optica.
We analyzed 60 patients diagnosed using 1999 Mayo Clinic criteria who were seen between 1985 and 2004 at Hospital da Lagoa (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil).
Optic neuritis was the initial feature in 53.3% of patients, most with unilateral disease. Recurrent optic neuritis before myelitis occurred in 18.3%. The visual impairment was severe at nadir of the visual index event in 78.3%, with a high remission rate. In the median disease duration of 8 years (range, 0.5-30 years), 380 relapses (118 optic neuritis, 223 myelitis, 39 optic neuritis and myelitis) occurred. At the last follow-up, 53.3% of patients had bilateral visual impairment and 63.3% were blind in at least 1 eye. A high mortality rate (23.3%) was due to cervical myelitis. Mortality rates were significantly higher among Afro Brazilian patients (58.3%).
Optic neuritis in patients with recurrent neuromyelitis optica has a severe and acute onset, with predominantly unilateral lesions followed by improvement of clinical symptoms. In the long-term, the disease leads to severe bilateral visual impairment. Mortality rates are higher among patients of Afro Brazilian descent.
Article: Proteome analysis of biomarkers in the cerebrospinal fluid of neuromyelitis optica patients.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To better understand the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying neuromyelitis optica (NMO), we developed a proteomics platform for biomarker discovery in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with NMO. Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) were used to compare the CSF proteome of NMO patients with that of controls. A subsequent ELISA and western blot analysis were performed to verify the results of the proteomic analysis. Pathway Studio 5.0 software was used to determine possible functional interactions among these differentially expressed proteins. Using 2-DE and MALDI-TOF MS, we identified 11 differentially expressed proteins and two isoforms of these same proteins. The expression of four proteins was enhanced, whereas the expression of seven proteins was reduced in the NMO group in comparison to the control group. These differences in protein expression were confirmed by performing ELISA and western blot analyses (p<0.01). Protein network analyses revealed biologic interactions and cross-talks among these differentially expressed proteins. Because of their unique expression profile in NMO CSFs, these proteins are candidate biomarkers for NMO. Thus, our findings may have important implications for both the diagnosis of NMO and the further understanding of its pathogenesis.Molecular vision 02/2009; 15:1638-48. · 2.20 Impact Factor
Article: Early high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone is effective in preserving retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in patients with neuromyelitis optica.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a recurring inflammatory neurological disease characterized by severe optic neuritis and myelitis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) is correlated with the clinical presentations in patients with NMO and to determine the clinical factors that lead to poor visual outcomes. Thirty-five eyes of 18 patients with the NMO spectrum and 28 eyes of 14 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) were studied. All of the patients had at least one episode of optic neuritis (ON) >6 months before being studied. The eyes were classified into four groups based on an episode of ON: NMO-ON, NMO eyes with at least one episode of ON; NMO-nonON, NMO eyes without an episode of ON; MS-ON, MS eyes with at least one episode of ON; and MS-nonON, MS eyes without an episode of ON. The RNFLT was measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT). The correlations between the RNFLT and the clinical data were determined. The overall RNFL was thinner in patients in the NMO-ON group than in the MS-ON group (63.84 µm vs. 84.28 µm; p = 0.0006) especially in the superior and inferior quadrants. The overall RNFLT was significantly correlated with the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in both the NMO groups (r = 0.67; p < 0.0001) and the MS groups (r = 0.62; p = 0.0097). The overall RNFLT was negatively correlated with the number of relapses in the NMO group. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the cut-off value for a decrease in visual acuity to <20/20 was 71.41 µm of the overall RNFLT in the NMO group. The frequency of the ON relapses and the time for beginning the treatment with high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone (HIMP) significantly affected the preservation of the RNFLT. The overall thinner RNFL in eyes with NMO than in eyes with MS indicates a greater loss of optic nerve axons in eyes with NMO. An early intervention with HIMP and preventing recurrences in NMO are critical for minimizing the axonal loss. Our findings indicate that OCT is an important method of evaluating loss of optic nerve axons in eyes with NMO and MS.Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie 03/2010; 248(12):1777-85. · 2.17 Impact Factor