Aspirin resistance and diabetes mellitus

Academic Unit of Molecular Vascular Medicine, The LIGHT Laboratories, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.
Diabetologia (Impact Factor: 6.88). 04/2008; 51(3):385-90. DOI: 10.1007/s00125-007-0898-3
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus is complicated by accelerated atherosclerosis, resulting in an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and thrombosis. Despite the proven benefits of aspirin, previous studies indicate a reduced cardiovascular protection from aspirin in diabetic patients. We aimed to investigate whether diabetes mellitus influenced the platelet response to aspirin in patients with CAD. Platelet aggregation and activation were evaluated during aspirin treatment in 85 diabetic and 92 non-diabetic patients with CAD. Adherence to aspirin was carefully controlled. All patients had CAD verified by coronary angiography and were taking 75 mg non-enteric coated aspirin daily. Diabetic patients showed significantly higher levels of platelet aggregation compared to non-diabetic patients evaluated by VerifyNow® Aspirin (p=0.03) and Multiplate® aggregometry using arachidonic acid (AA) 0.5 mM (p=0.005) and 1.0 mM (p=0.009). In addition, platelet activation determined by soluble P-selectin was significantly higher in diabetics compared to non-diabetics (p=0.005). The higher AA-induced aggregation was associated with higher levels of HbA(1c). Compliance was confirmed by low levels of serum thromboxane B(2) (below 7.2 ng/mL). Diabetics had significantly higher levels of serum thromboxane B(2) (p<0.0001). Diabetic patients with CAD had significantly higher levels of both platelet aggregation and activation compared to non-diabetic patients with CAD despite treatment with the same dosage of aspirin. These findings may partly explain the reduced cardiovascular protection from aspirin in diabetic patients.
    Thrombosis Research 05/2010; 126(4):e318-22. DOI:10.1016/j.thromres.2010.03.013 · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with macrovascular and microvascular complications. Platelets have a “key role” in atherogenesis and its thrombotic complications in subjects with DM. Moreover, the concomitant presence of multiple “classical” cardiovascular risk factors in diabetic subjects contributes to enhanced atherothrombotic risk. Antiplatelet agents are effective in primary and secondary prevention of arterial thrombosis (cardiovascular events, ischaemic stroke, and peripheral arterial occlusive disease). The role of chronic administration of antiplatelet drugs in primary prevention of arterial vascular events is known to be less clear than in secondary prevention, and, also in diabetic patients, the decision to give primary prophylaxis should be taken on an individual-patient basis, after a careful evaluation of the balance between the expected benefits and the risk of major bleedings. Although, currently, treatment has proven useful in reducing vascular events, diabetic patients continue to have a higher risk of adverse cardiovascular events compared with those in nondiabetic patients. This paper reviews the role of currently available antiplatelet drugs in primary and secondary prevention of vascular events in diabetic patients and the limitations of these drugs, and it discusses the role of novel and more potent antiplatelets and of new agents currently under clinical development.
    International journal of vascular medicine 06/2011; 2011:250518. DOI:10.1155/2011/250518
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    ABSTRACT: Since hyperglycemia is involved in the "aspirin resistance" occurring in diabetes, we aimed at evaluating whether high glucose interferes with the aspirin-induced inhibition of thromboxane synthesis and/or activation of the nitric oxide (NO)/cGMP/cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) pathway in platelets. For this purpose, in platelets from 60 healthy volunteers incubated for 60 min with 5-25 mmol/L d-glucose or iso-osmolar mannitol, we evaluated the influence of a 30-min incubation with lysine acetylsalicylate (L-ASA; 1-300 μmol/L) on 1) platelet function under shear stress; 2) aggregation induced by sodium arachidonate or ADP; 3) agonist-induced thromboxane production; and 4) NO production, cGMP synthesis, and PKG-induced vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphorylation. Experiments were repeated in the presence of the antioxidant agent amifostine. We observed that platelet exposure to 25 mmol/L d-glucose, but not to iso-osmolar mannitol, 1) reduced the ability of L-ASA to inhibit platelet responses to agonists; 2) did not modify the L-ASA-induced inhibition of thromboxane synthesis; and 3) prevented the L-ASA-induced activation of the NO/cGMP/PKG pathway. Preincubation with amifostine reversed the high-glucose effects. Thus, high glucose acutely reduces the antiaggregating effect of aspirin, does not modify the aspirin-induced inhibition of thromboxane synthesis, and inhibits the aspirin-induced activation of the NO/cGMP/PKG pathway. These results identify a mechanism by which high glucose interferes with the aspirin action.
    Diabetes 07/2012; 61(11):2913-21. DOI:10.2337/db12-0040 · 8.47 Impact Factor


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