Vitamin D status and its determinants in adolescents from the Northern Ireland Young Hearts 2000 cohort.

Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College, Cork, Republic of Ireland, UK.
British Journal Of Nutrition (Impact Factor: 3.34). 05/2008; 99(5):1061-7. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114507842826
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Despite recent concerns about the high prevalence of sub-clinical vitamin D deficiency in adolescents, relatively few studies have investigated the underlying reasons. The objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of vitamin D inadequacy among a large representative sample of adolescents living in Northern Ireland (54-55 degrees N). Serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) were analysed by enzyme-immunoassay in a subgroup of 1015 of the Northern Ireland Young Hearts 2000 cohort; a cross-sectional study of 12 and 15 year-old boys and girls. Overall mean 25(OH)D concentration throughout the year was 64.3 (range 5-174) nmol/l; 56.7 and 78.1 nmol/l during winter and summer, respectively. Reported intakes of vitamin D were very low (median 1.7 microg/d). Of those adolescents studied, 3 % and 36 % were vitamin D deficient and inadequate respectively, as defined by serum 25(OH)D concentrations < 25 and < 50 nmol/l. Of the subjects, 46 % and 17 % had vitamin D inadequacy during winter and summer respectively. Gender differences were also evident with 38 % and 55 % of boys and girls respectively classified as vitamin D inadequate during winter (P < 0.001). Predictors of vitamin D inadequacy during winter were vitamin D intake and gender. In conclusion, there is a high prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy in white-skinned adolescents in Northern Ireland, particularly during wintertime and most evident in girls. There is a clear need for dietary recommendations for vitamin D in this age group and for creative strategies to increase overall vitamin D status in the population.

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Available from: Liam Murray, Sep 08, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim was to study vitamin D status in a healthy adolescent Norwegian population at 69°N. Methods: The data presented come from The Tromsø Study: Fit Futures, during the school year 2010/2011 (not including the summer months), where 1,038 (92% of those invited) participated. Physical examinations, questionnaires and blood samples were collected, and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) were analyzed using LC-MS/MS. Results: Results are presented from 475 boys and 415 girls (15-18 years old) with available blood samples. A total of 60.2% had vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency (serum 25(OH)D <50 nmol/l), 16.5% were deficient (<25 nmol/l) and 1.6% had severe vitamin D deficiency (<12.5 nmol/l). Only 12.4% had levels >75 nmol/l. A significant gender difference with a mean (SD) serum 25(OH)D level of 40.5 (20.5) nmol/l in boys and 54.2 (23.2) nmol/l in girls (p <0.01) was present. Furthermore, 51.3% of girls had levels >50 nmol/l in comparison to 29.7% of boys (p <0.01). There was an inverse correlation between parathyroid hormone levels and 25(OH)D, rs= -0.30 (p<0.01). Explanatory factors that were significantly associated with serum 25(OH)D levels in multivariate models were use of snuff, consumption of vitamin D fortified milk, cod liver oil and vitamin/mineral supplements, physical activity, sunbathing holiday and use of solarium in boys, and vitamin/mineral supplements, physical activity, sunbathing holiday and use of solarium in girls . CONCLUSIONS VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY IS PREVALENT DURING THE SCHOOL YEAR AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN NORTHERN NORWAY, PARTICULARLY AMONG BOYS:
    Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 07/2014; 42(7). DOI:10.1177/1403494814541593 · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 1 ABSTRACT Objetives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships between serum levels of vitamin D and blood pressure (BP) in adolescents. Methods: The anthropometric measure- ments, body composition, dietary intake, blood pressure and biochemical measurements was undertaken. Results: Two hundred and five adolescents, 106 boys and 99 girls, mean aged 18.2 years old, participate of the study. Elevated BP was observed in 12.19% of the adolescents. Mean 25OHD concentration was 29.2(0.8) ng/mL. Vitamin D insufficiency was observed in 62% of adolescents. There were no correlation between systolic and diastolic BP with 25OHD and 1,25(OH) 2 D concentration. An inverse correlation between adiponectin and diastolic BP was observed and positive significant correlation was observed between waist circumference with systolic and diastolic BP in both boys and in girls. In conclusion, no relationships between vita- min D levels and blood pressure were observed. Conclusion: However, the intra-abdominal adi- posity offers potential risk to BP elevation in adolescents. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2009;53(4):416-24.