Solution‐Focused Group Therapy for Level 1 Substance Abusers

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Northern Virginia Center, USA.
Journal of Marital and Family Therapy (Impact Factor: 1.01). 02/2008; 34(1):107-20. DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.2008.00056.x
Source: PubMed


The present study compared solution-focused group therapy (SFGT) with a traditional problem-focused treatment for level 1 substance abusers. Outcome research on the effectiveness of solution-focused group therapy is minimal, especially in treating substance abusers. In the present study, clients were measured before and after treatment to determine therapeutic effectiveness. Clients in the solution-focused group significantly improved on both the Beck Depression Inventory and the Outcome Questionnaire. The clients in the comparison group did not improve significantly on either measure. Therapist skill level and adherence to theoretical models were measured in each group to reduce confounding variables.

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Available from: Sara Smock Jordan, Mar 23, 2015
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    • "With regard to illegal substance disorders, an older study showed that structural FT was equally efficacious as GT for relatives of the index patient (Ziegler-Driscoll, 1977). In a new trial, solution-focused GT was as efficacious as traditional problemfocused GT with regard to substance abuse, but more efficacious for comorbid conditions like depression (Smock et al., 2008). Three RCT from the United States (Stanton, Steier, & Todd, 1982; Stanton & Todd, 1982FKraft, Rothbart, Hadley, McLellan, & Asch, 1997; McLellan, Arndt, Metzger, Woody, & O'Brian, 1993) and the United Kingdom (Yandoli, Eisler, Robbins, Mulleady , & Dare, 2002) demonstrated that systemic FT combined with methadone substitution is more efficacious for the treatment of heroin addiction than TAU (methadone substitution) with respect to abstinence of illegal drugs (follow-ups of up to 1.5 years). "
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    • "The authors of this article submitted two studies (Froeschle, Smith, & Ricard, 2007; Smock et al., 2008 "
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    ABSTRACT: This article describes the process of having solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) be evaluated by various federal registries as an evidence-based practice (EBP) intervention. The authors submitted SFBT for evaluation for inclusion on three national EBP registry lists in the United States: the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), What Works Clearinghouse (WWC), and Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Results of our submission found SFBT was not reviewed by SAMHSA and WWC because it was not prioritized highly enough for review, but it was rated as "promising" by OJJDP. Implications for practitioners and recommendations regarding the status of SFBT as an EBP model are discussed.
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