Solution‐Focused Group Therapy for Level 1 Substance Abusers

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Northern Virginia Center, USA.
Journal of Marital and Family Therapy (Impact Factor: 1.01). 02/2008; 34(1):107-20. DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.2008.00056.x
Source: PubMed


The present study compared solution-focused group therapy (SFGT) with a traditional problem-focused treatment for level 1 substance abusers. Outcome research on the effectiveness of solution-focused group therapy is minimal, especially in treating substance abusers. In the present study, clients were measured before and after treatment to determine therapeutic effectiveness. Clients in the solution-focused group significantly improved on both the Beck Depression Inventory and the Outcome Questionnaire. The clients in the comparison group did not improve significantly on either measure. Therapist skill level and adherence to theoretical models were measured in each group to reduce confounding variables.

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Available from: Sara Smock Jordan, Mar 23, 2015
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    • "With regard to illegal substance disorders, an older study showed that structural FT was equally efficacious as GT for relatives of the index patient (Ziegler-Driscoll, 1977). In a new trial, solution-focused GT was as efficacious as traditional problemfocused GT with regard to substance abuse, but more efficacious for comorbid conditions like depression (Smock et al., 2008). Three RCT from the United States (Stanton, Steier, & Todd, 1982; Stanton & Todd, 1982FKraft, Rothbart, Hadley, McLellan, & Asch, 1997; McLellan, Arndt, Metzger, Woody, & O'Brian, 1993) and the United Kingdom (Yandoli, Eisler, Robbins, Mulleady , & Dare, 2002) demonstrated that systemic FT combined with methadone substitution is more efficacious for the treatment of heroin addiction than TAU (methadone substitution) with respect to abstinence of illegal drugs (follow-ups of up to 1.5 years). "
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    ABSTRACT: All abstracts are available in Spanish and Mandarin Chinese on Wiley Online Library (). Please pass this information on to your international colleagues and students.Systemic therapy is a widely used psychotherapy approach. Yet there exist few systematic reviews on its efficacy. A meta-content analysis was performed to analyze the efficacy of systemic therapy for the treatment of mental disorders in adulthood. All randomized (or matched) controlled trials (RCT) evaluating systemic/systems oriented therapy in various settings (family, couple, individual, group, multifamily group therapy) with adult index patients suffering from mental disorders were identified by database searches and cross-references in other reviews. Inclusion criteria were: index patient diagnosed with a DSM or ICD listed mental disorder, trial published in any language up to the end of 2008. The RCTs were content analyzed according to their research methodology, interventions applied, and results. Thirty-eight trials published in English, German, Spanish, and Chinese were identified, 34 of them showing systemic therapy to be efficacious for the treatment of mood disorders, eating disorders, substance use disorders, mental and social factors related to medical conditions and physical disorders, and schizophrenia. Systemic therapy may also be efficacious for anxiety disorders. Results were stable across follow-up periods of up to 5 years. There is a sound evidence-base for the efficacy of systemic therapy for adult index patients with mental disorders in at least five diagnostic groups.
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    • "The authors of this article submitted two studies (Froeschle, Smith, & Ricard, 2007; Smock et al., 2008 "
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