Biventricular involvement in transient apical ballooning syndrome
ABSTRACT Transient apical ballooning syndrome (Takotsubo cardiomyopathy) is an acute cardiac syndrome mimicking ST-elevation myocardial infarction. It is characterized by ventricular wall motion abnormalities confined to the apical regions of the left ventricle. Here we describe an 80-year old woman presenting with acute shortness of breath. Echocardiography demonstrated left and right ventricular apical akinesia and basal hyperkinesia. Cardiac catheterisation disclosed minimal atherosclerotic changes of the coronary arteries. Both symptoms and echocardiographic findings resolved completely within one week.
SourceAvailable from: Partho P Sengupta[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is an important differential diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. It is characterized by normal (or near-normal) coronary arteries, regional wall motion abnormalities that extend beyond a single coronary vascular bed, and often, a precipitating stressor. Variants of the classical left ventricular apical ballooning, including mid- or basal left ventricular wall motion abnormalities, are increasingly recognized. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is not rare, and heightened awareness of this unique cardiomyopathy likely will lead to a higher reported incidence. Diagnosis of takotsubo cardiomyopathy has important implications for clinical management at presentation and afterward. The long-term prognosis is generally favorable; however, a small subset has potentially life-threatening complications during the initial presentation. The pathophysiologic mechanism is unknown, but catecholamine excess likely has a central role.JACC. Cardiovascular imaging 06/2010; 3(6):641-9. DOI:10.1016/j.jcmg.2010.01.009 · 6.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Biventricular takotsubo cardiomyopathy is associated with more hemodynamic instability than is isolated left ventricular takotsubo cardiomyopathy; medical management is more invasive and the course of hospitalization is longer. In March 2011, a 62-year-old woman presented at our emergency department with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. On hospital day 2, she experienced chest pain. An electrocardiogram and cardiac enzyme levels suggested an acute myocardial infarction. She underwent cardiac angiography and was found to have severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction involving the mid and apical segments, which resulted in a left ventricular ejection fraction of 0.10 to 0.15 in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. Her hospital course was complicated by cardiogenic shock that required hemodynamic support with an intra-aortic balloon pump and dobutamine. A transthoracic echocardiogram revealed akinesis of the mid-to-distal segments of the left ventricle and mid-to-apical dyskinesis of the right ventricular free wall characteristic of biventricular takotsubo cardiomyopathy. After several days of medical management, the patient was discharged from the hospital in stable condition. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first review of the literature on biventricular takotsubo cardiomyopathy that compares its hemodynamic instability and medical management requirements with those of isolated left ventricular takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Herein, we discuss the case of our patient, review the pertinent medical literature, and convey the prevalence and importance of right ventricular involvement in patients with takotsubo cardiomyopathy.Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital 01/2013; 40(3):305-11. · 0.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is defined as acute chest pain during stressful incidents which is associated with ST-segment abnormalities and/or increased serum troponin levels. There is also regressive systolic dysfunction which is usually localized in the apical and medial left ventricles but there are no significant coronary artery lesions. The ventricular asynergy is also described in the right ventricle but is less common. Almost all the patients are women. The onset of this disease is typically triggered by an acute emotional or stress event or by an accumulation of trivial and repetitive stresses. The etiology of this syndrome remains unclear. Myocardial ischemia and reperfusion due to microvascular spasm, aborted myocardial infarction and related no-reflow phenomenon have been proposed as inducers of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. The temporal relationship between the stressful event and the triggering of the clinical syndrome as well as the report of elevated catecholamine plasma levels during the acute phase suggest a possible involvement of the sympathetic nervous system. A smaller left ventricular size and hormonal disturbances in women may also play a role.International journal of cardiology 07/2010; 142(2):120-5. DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.11.040 · 6.18 Impact Factor