Morphological and functional features of hepatic cyst epithelium in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.
ABSTRACT We evaluated the morphological and functional features of hepatic cyst epithelium in adult autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). In six ADPKD patients, we investigated the morphology of cyst epithelium apical surface by scanning electron microscopy and the expression of estrogen receptors (ERs), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), IGF1 receptors (IGF1-R), growth hormone receptor, the proliferation marker proliferating cell nuclear antigen, and pAKT by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. Proliferation of liver cyst-derived epithelial cells was evaluated by both MTS proliferation assay and [(3)H]thymidine incorporation into DNA. The hepatic cyst epithelium displayed heterogeneous features, being normal in small cysts (<1 cm), characterized by rare or shortened cilia in 1- to 3-cm cysts, and exhibiting the absence of both primary cilia and microvilli in large cysts (>3 cm). Cyst epithelium showed marked immunohistochemical expression of ER, growth hormone receptor, IGF1, IGF1-R, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, and pAKT. IGF1 was 10-fold more enriched in the hepatic cyst fluid than in serum. Serum-deprived liver cyst-derived epithelial cells proliferated when exposed to 17beta-estradiol and IGF1 and when exposed to human cyst fluid. ER or IGF1-R antagonists inhibited the proliferative effect of serum readmission, cyst fluid, 17beta-estradiol, and IGF1. Our findings could explain the role of estrogens in accelerating the progression of ADPKD and may suggest a potential benefit of therapeutic strategies based on estrogen antagonism.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Adolfo Francesco Attili, Jun 26, 2015
- American Journal of Kidney Diseases 01/2000; 34(6):xlv-xlviii. DOI:10.1016/S0272-6386(99)70001-6 · 5.76 Impact Factor
- Value in Health 11/2005; 8(6). DOI:10.1016/S1098-3015(10)67454-2 · 2.89 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The pathogenesis of polycystic liver disease is not well understood. The putative function of the associated proteins, hepatocystin and Sec63p, do not give insight in their role in cystogenesis and their tissue-wide expression does not fit with the liver-specific phenotype of the disease. We designed this study with the specific aim to dissect whether pathways involved in polycystic kidney diseases are also implicated in polycystic liver disease. Therefore, we immunohistochemically stained cyst tissue specimen with antibodies directed against markers for apoptosis, proliferation, growth receptors, signaling and adhesion. We analyzed genotyped polycystic liver disease cyst tissue (n=21) compared with normal liver tissue (n=13). None of the cysts showed proliferation of epithelial cells. In addition, anti-apoptosis marker Bcl-2 revealed slight increase in expression, with variable increase of apoptosis marker active caspase 3. Growth factor receptors, EGFR and c-erbB-2, were overexpressed and mislocalized. We found EGFR staining in the nuclei of cyst epithelial cells regardless of mutational state of the patient. Further, in hepatocystin-mutant polycystic liver disease patients, apical membranous staining of c-erbB-2 and adhesion markers, MUC1 and CEA, was lost and the proteins appeared to be retained in cytoplasm of cyst epithelia. Finally, we found loss of adhesion molecules E-cadherin and Ep-CAM in cyst epithelium of all patients. Nevertheless, we observed normal beta-catenin expression. Our results show that polycystic liver disease cystogenesis is different from renal cystogenesis. Polycystic liver disease involves overexpression of growth factor receptors and loss of adhesion. In contrast, proliferation or deregulated apoptosis do not seem to be implicated. Moreover differential findings for PRKCSH- and SEC63-associated polycystic liver disease suggest a divergent mechanism for cystogenesis in these two groups.Modern Pathology 07/2008; 21(11):1293-302. DOI:10.1038/modpathol.2008.115 · 6.36 Impact Factor