A psychoeducational program for weight loss in patients who have experienced weight gain during antipsychotic treatment with olanzapine
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a psychoeducational program (PEP) for weight control in patients who had experienced an increase of body weight during treatment with olanzapine.
Eligible patients were randomised to the PEP (Group 1) or to no intervention (Group 2) and continued on olanzapine. After 12 weeks, the PEP was also started in Group 2 and continued in Group 1, up to week 24. Body weight was measured every month. Other measures included quality of life, and change in plasma glucose and lipids levels.
Patients in Group 1 (n=15) had a mean weight loss of 3.6 kg at week 12 and 4.5 kg at week 24 (p<0.01 at both times, p<0.01 between groups at week 12), while those in Group 2 (n=18) had no changes at week 12 and a significant weight loss at week 24 (-3.6 kg from week 12, p<0.01). Changes of BMI paralleled those of body weight. Quality of life (Q-LES-Q-SF categorisation) and functioning (GAF) significantly improved in the total population at endpoint (p<0.01). No significant changes were observed in fasting glucose and lipid profile, while insulin levels significantly decreased from baseline to endpoint in both groups (p<0.05). HOMA index and hepatic insulin sensitivity improved, too.
Patients with increased BMI during treatment with olanzapine experienced significant weight and BMI loss following a structured psychoeducational program.
SourceAvailable from: Nick Verhaeghe[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background There is a higher prevalence of obesity in individuals with mental disorders compared to the general population. The results of several studies suggested that weight reduction in this population is possible following psycho-educational and/or behavioural weight management interventions. Evidence of the effectiveness alone is however inadequate for policy making. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a health promotion intervention targeting physical activity and healthy eating in individuals with mental disorders. Methods A Markov decision-analytic model using a public payer perspective was applied, projecting the one-year results of a 10-week intervention over a time horizon of 20 years, assuming a repeated yearly implementation of the programme. Scenario analysis was applied evaluating the effects on the results of alternative modelling assumptions. One-way sensitivity analysis was performed to assess the effects on the results of varying key input parameters. Results An incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of 27,096€/quality-adjusted life years (QALY) in men, and 40,139€/QALY in women was found in the base case. Scenario analysis assuming an increase in health-related quality of life as a result of the body mass index decrease resulted in much better cost-effectiveness in both men (3,357€/QALY) and women (3,766€/QALY). The uncertainty associated with the intervention effect had the greatest impact on the model. Conclusions As far as is known to the authors, this is the first health economic evaluation of a health promotion intervention targeting physical activity and healthy eating in individuals with mental disorders. Such research is important as it provides payers and governments with better insights how to spend the available resources in the most efficient way. Further research examining the cost-effectiveness of health promotion targeting physical activity and healthy eating in individuals with mental disorders is required.BMC Public Health 08/2014; 14(1):856. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-14-856 · 2.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to estimate the effects of lifestyle interventions on bodyweight and other cardiometabolic risk factors in people with psychotic disorders. Additionally, the long-term effects on body weight and the effects on depressive symptoms were examined. We searched four databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared lifestyle interventions to control conditions in patients with psychotic disorders. Lifestyle interventions were aimed at weight loss or weight gain prevention, and the study outcomes included bodyweight or metabolic parameters. The search resulted in 25 RCTs -only 4 were considered high quality- showing an overall effect of lifestyle interventions on bodyweight (effect size (ES) = -0.63, p<0.0001). Lifestyle interventions were effective in both weight loss (ES = -0.52, p<0.0001) and weight-gain-prevention (ES = -0.84, p = 0.0002). There were significant long-term effects, two to six months post-intervention, for both weight-gain-prevention interventions (ES = -0.85, p = 0.0002) and weight loss studies (ES = -0.46, p = 0.02). Up to ten studies reported on cardiometabolic risk factors and showed that lifestyle interventions led to significant improvements in waist circumference, triglycerides, fasting glucose and insulin. No significant effects were found for blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Four studies reported on depressive symptoms and showed a significant effect (ES = -0.95, p = 0.05). Lifestyle interventions are effective in treating and preventing obesity, and in reducing cardiometabolic risk factors. However, the quality of the studies leaves much to be desired.PLoS ONE 12/2014; 9(12):e112276. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0112276 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to assess whether saffron aqueous extract (SAE) or its active constituent, crocin, prevents olanzapine-induced metabolic syndrome (MetS) and insulin resistance in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: 66 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia who were on olanzapine treatment (5-20 mg daily) were randomly allocated to receive a capsule of SAE (n=22; 30 mg daily), crocin (n=22; 30 mg daily) or placebo (n=22) in a 12-week triple-blind trial. Patients were screened not to have MetS at baseline and further assessment was done at weeks 6 and 12. Measurement of fasting blood glucose (FBS) and serum lipids were repeated at weeks 2, 6 and 12. Fasting blood levels of insulin and HbA1c were also measured at baseline and week 12. HOMA-IR and HOMA-β were determined to evaluate insulin resistance. Results: 61 patients completed the trial and no serious adverse effects were reported. Time-treatment interaction showed a significant difference in FBS in both SAE and crocin groups compared to placebo (p=0.004). In addition, SAE could effectively prevent reaching the criteria of metabolic syndrome (0 patients) compared to crocin (9.1%) and placebo (27.3%) as early as week 6. Conclusion: SAE could prevent metabolic syndrome compared to crocin and placebo. Furthermore, both SAE and crocin prevented increases in blood glucose during the study.Pharmacopsychiatry 06/2014; 47(4-5). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1382001 · 2.17 Impact Factor