E-cadherin expression and epidermal growth factor receptor mutation status predict outcome in non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with gefitinib.
ABSTRACT It is known that an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation(s) is present in a percentage of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). Gefitinib, an inhibitor of the tyrosine kinase activity of EGFR, is effective on most of them. The EGFR mutation status alone cannot fully predict the response to gefitinib and the prognosis for the patients. We hypothesized that information on the expression levels of phosphorylated-EGFR and -Akt, and E-cadherin, alone or in combination with information on the EGFR mutation, may refine our ability of prediction. We investigated 24 NSCLCs that had recurred after surgery and were treated with gefitinib. Specimens resected by surgery were subjected to the peptide nucleic acid-locked nucleic acid polymerase chain reaction clamp reaction to determine the EGFR mutation status, and to immunohistochemical staining of phosphorylated-EGFR and -Akt, and E-cadherin to determine their expression levels. The EGFR mutation status was predictive of responsive disease (complete response: CR + partial response: PR) and controlled disease (CR + PR + stable disease: SD). Positive E-cadherin staining was predictive of longer time to progression (12.4 vs. 5.9 months, p<0.05) and overall survival (OS) (18.4 vs. 13.0 months, p<0.05). Together the patients with an EGFR mutation and the patients with positive E-cadherin staining defined a patient group with a median OS of 18.4 months and excluded the patient group with the median OS of 3.7 months. Neither p-Akt nor p-EGFR staining was associated with the response and survival. In patients with surgically resected NSCLC tumors, the EGFR mutation status and E-cadherin staining can select patients who will benefit from gefitinib therapy.
- SourceAvailable from: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pulmonary carcinosarcoma is a rare and aggressive neoplasm that has both epithelial and mesenchymal components. We report on a 63-year-old woman who was found to have a right upper-lobe pulmonary carcinosarcoma with metastases to the liver and gastric fundus. There are currently no published guidelines on the treatment of pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinomas. However, with our expanding knowledge of cancer metastasis, cases of carcinosarcoma illustrate our current understanding of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in action. Here, we discuss the development and treatment of these biphasic tumors and the possible role of epithelial-mesenchymal transition.rapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology, The 01/2012; 4(1):31-7.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Primary human tumours can often be eradicated by surgery if detected early; however metastatic disease renders complete cure less likely and the development of resistance to therapy results in tumour escape and increased risk of death. Interactions of tumour cells with each other, surrounding normal cells and extracellular matrix or basement membrane components are crucial to all stages of cancer progression. Changes in both cell-cell and cell-substrate proteins are linked to tumour cell migratory and invasive ability, induction of angiogenesis (on which sustained tumour growth and dissemination depends) and apoptosis resistance in response to drugs or radiotherapy. Hypoxia within solid tumours is a key driver of many aspects of progression, and may also nurture cancer stem-like cells which are increasingly linked to relapse and treatment failure. This review will briefly outline the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying tumour progression, focussing on the acquisition of metastatic capacity and resistance to therapy.Seminars in Cancer Biology 06/2010; 20(3):128-38. · 7.44 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The expression of E-cadherin, beta-catenin and topoisomerase II has been associated with clinical outcome of several cancers including sarcomas. We aimed to evaluate the expression of these markers in leiomyosarcomas (LMS). Paraffin blocks of 19 primary, nonmetastatic LMS were analysed immunohistochemically for the expression of the above-mentioned markers with a cutoff level for positivity of 20% of cell staining. Expression of E-cadherin was negative in all LMS. Nuclear expression of beta-catenin was also negative in all cases, while positive cytoplasmic beta-catenin expression was observed in approximately half of the patients. The majority of LMS had expression of topoisomerase IIalpha, although only in 10 patients was this expression in more than 20% of tumour cells. From the analysed factors, tumour size was statistically significantly correlated with relapse-free survival. Further evidence with larger series is required in order to determine the implication of these markers in LMS.Clinical and Translational Oncology 09/2009; 11(8):548-51. · 1.28 Impact Factor