Reduced expression and function of aquaporin-3 in mouse metaphase-II oocytes induced by controlled ovarian hyperstimulation were associated with subsequent low fertilization rate
ABSTRACT Aquaporin-3 (AQP3), one isoform of water channel family, has been found to be expressed in mouse oocytes. The present study aimed to investigate whether functional AQP3 was expressed in oocytes induced by controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH), and whether altered oocyte AQP3 expression was associated with changes in fertilization rate.
Sixty ICR female mice were divided into two groups: COH and control. AQP3 mRNA expression of mouse metaphase II (MII) oocytes was quantified by real-time RT-PCR. The water permeability of oocytes was assessed with cell swelling test. The fertilization profiles of oocytes were generated via in vitro fertilization.
AQP3 mRNA was expressed in both natural and COH-induced mouse oocytes. COH significantly reduced AQP3 mRNA expression. The volume of oocytes was significantly increased after exposure to hypotonic medium and pretreatment with HgCl(2) attenuated hypotonic medium-induced increase in oocyte volume and water permeability coefficient (Pf). Furthermore, the expression of AQP3, Pf and the fertilization rate were significantly lower in COH oocytes than those in control.
AQP3 might play an important role in controlling oocyte quality and a low in vitro fertilization rate of COH mice might, in part, result from reduced AQP3 expression and water permeability in mouse oocytes.
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate whether aquaporin 3 (Aqp3) mRNAs are expressed in immature oocytes and altered during in vitro maturation process. Five- to 6-week-old female ICR mice were primed by gonadotropin for 24 and 48 h. Immature oocytes obtained 48 h after priming were also matured in vitro for 17 to 18 h. In vivo matured oocytes were obtained after 48 h priming followed by hCG injection. Total RNAs were extracted from 80 to 150 oocytes in each experimental group, and the levels of Aqp3 mRNA were quantified by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. The experiments were repeated twice using different oocytes. The Aqp3 mRNA was expressed in immature oocytes, as well as in in vitro and in vivo matured oocytes. The expression level was higher in immature oocytes obtained 48 h after priming (17.2 ± 8.6, mean ± SD) than those with no priming (5.7 ± 0.8) or obtained 24 h after priming (2.5 ± 0.8). The expression of Aqp3 mRNA decreased after in vitro maturation (1.2 ± 0.5), which was similar to in vivo matured oocytes (1.0 ± 0.0). Our work demonstrated that Aqp3 mRNA expression increased during the development of immature oocyte but decreased after completion of in vitro maturation. The results indicate that AQP3 is certainly needed for the acquisition of immature oocytes' full growing potential within antral follicles.Zygote 02/2011; 19(1):9-14. DOI:10.1017/S0967199410000171 · 1.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The cell membrane water channel protein, aquaporins (AQPs), regulate cellular water transport and cell volume and play a key role in water homeostasis. Recently, AQPs are considered as important players in the field of reproduction. In previous studies, we have established the presence of AQP1 and 5 in porcine uterus. Their expression at protein level altered in distinct tissues of the female reproductive system depending on the phase of the estrous cycle. However, the regulation of aquaporin genes and proteins expression has not been examined in porcine uterine tissue. Therefore, we have designed an in vitro experiment to explain whether steroid hormones, progesterone (P4) and estradiol (E2), and other factors: oxytocine (OT), arachidonic acid (AA; substrate for prostaglandins synthesis) as well as forskolin (FSK; adenylate cyclase activator) and cAMP (second messenger, cyclic adenosine monophosphate) may impact AQPs expression. Uterine tissues were collected on Days 10-12 and 14-16 of the estrous cycle representing the mid-luteal phase and luteolysis. Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis were performed to examine the expression of porcine AQP1 and AQP5. Their expression in the uterine explants was also evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The results indicated that uterine expression of AQP1 and AQP5 potentially remains under control of steroid hormones and AA-derived compounds (e.g. prostaglandins). P4, E2, AA, FSK and cAMP cause translocation of AQP5 from apical to the basolateral plasma membrane of the epithelial cells, which might affect the transcellular water movement (through epithelial cells) between uterine lumen and blood vessels. The AC/cAMP pathway is involved in the intracellular signals transduction connected with the regulation of AQPs expression in the pig uterus. This study documented specific patterns of AQP1 and AQP5 expression in response to P4, E2, AA, FSK and cAMP, thereby providing new indirect evidence of their role in maintaining the local fluid balance within the uterus during the mid-luteal phase of the estrous cycle and luteolysis in pigs.Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 12/2015; 13(1). DOI:10.1186/s12958-015-0004-5 · 2.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To study the differences in protein expression profiles of follicular fluid (FF) between controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) and natural ovulatory cycles. Twelve infertile women undergoing in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET), with matched clinical information, were retrospectively recruited in the IVF center of our university hospital, including six undergoing COH and another six with natural cycles. FF was sampled from dominant follicles with mature oocytes. Protein expression profiles in each FF sample were analyzed respectively using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Differentially expressed proteins were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and validated by western blotting. Differentially expressed proteins were further analyzed using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software. Two proteins were downregulated and 11 proteins were upregulated (change ≥1.5-fold, P < 0.05) in the COH group. We identified one down-egulated and seven upregulated proteins using MALDI-TOF MS. Four differentially expressed proteins, including transferrin, complement component C3 (C3), haptoglobin and alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT), were further validated by rate nephelometry and western blotting analyses. The IPA analysis revealed a significant network involved in the humoral immune and inflammatory responses. The eight differentially expressed proteins were related to immune and inflammatory responses in the ovary. Our results provide new insights into the influence of COH on follicular (spp) development and IVF outcomes.Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 01/2015; 32(3). DOI:10.1007/s10815-014-0419-5 · 1.77 Impact Factor