Extra-adrenal and adrenal pheochromocytomas associated with a germline SDHC mutation.

Department of Hypertension at the Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland.
Nature Clinical Practice Endocrinology &#38 Metabolism (Impact Factor: 7.55). 03/2008; 4(2):111-5. DOI: 10.1038/ncpendmet0726
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A 46-year-old man presented with headaches, paroxysmal palpitations, anxiety and hypertension. The patient had undergone surgery for a retroperitoneal tumor at the age of 31 years, when histological examination revealed an extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma. The patient's 68-year-old mother had a history of a carotid body tumor, which had been resected when she was 34 years old. She was diagnosed with a meningioma at 54 years of age and a jugular paraganglioma at 68 years of age.
A 24h urine catecholamine assay was performed. CT imaging of the abdomen and (123)I-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy revealed a right pheochromocytoma and left adrenal incidentaloma. An inherited neoplasia syndrome was suspected and molecular genetic analyses were performed.
Right adrenal pheochromocytoma and left adrenal nonfunctioning incidentaloma, as part of a familial pheochromocytoma-paraganglioma syndrome associated with a germline mutation in SDHC (gene encoding succinate dehydrogenase complex, subunit C, integral membrane protein, 15 kDa).
Predictive testing, with genetic counseling. Management included surgical resection of the existing pheochromocytoma. The patient continues to be monitored with MRI scans of the neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis every 1-2 years and an annual 24h urine collection for the measurement of metanephrines and catecholamines.

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