Thiopental protects human T lymphocytes from apoptosis in vitro via the expression of heat shock protein 70

Anaesthesiologische Universitaetsklinik, Hugstetterstrasse 55, D-79106 Freiburg, Germany.
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (Impact Factor: 3.86). 05/2008; 325(1):217-25. DOI: 10.1124/jpet.107.133108
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Barbiturates, which are used for the treatment of intracranial hypertension after severe head injury, have been associated with anti-inflammatory side effects. Although all barbiturates inhibit T-cell function, only thiobarbiturates markedly reduce the activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). Various pharmacologic inhibitors of the NF-kappaB pathway are concomitant nonthermal inducers of the heat shock response (HSR), a cellular defense system that is associated with protection of cells and organs. We hypothesize that thiopental mediates cytoprotection by inducing the HSR. Human CD3(+) T lymphocytes were incubated with thiopental, pentobarbital, etomidate, ketamine, midazolam, or propofol. Human Jurkat T cells were transfected with small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting heat 70-kDa shock protein (hsp 70) before thiopental incubation. Apoptosis was induced by staurosporine. DNA binding activity of HSF-1 was analyzed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay; mRNA expression of hsp27, -32, -70, and -90 was analyzed by Northern blot, and protein expression of hsp70 was analyzed by Western blot and flow cytometry after fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-hsp70-antibody staining. Apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry after annexin V-FITC or annexin V-phycoerythrin staining. Activity of caspase-3 was measured by fluorogenic caspase activity assay. Thiopental induced hsp27, -70, and -90 but not hsp32 mRNA expression as well as hsp70 protein expression. Thiopental dose-dependently activated the DNA binding activity of HSF-1, whereas other substances investigated had no effect. In addition, pretreatment with thiopental significantly attenuated staurosporine-induced apoptosis and caspase-like activity. Transfection with hsp70-siRNA before thiopental treatment reduced this attenuation. Thiopental specifically and differentially induces a heat shock response, and it mediates cytoprotection via the expression of hsp70 in human T lymphocytes.

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May 26, 2014