Polymorphism in KIF6 gene and benefit from statins after acute coronary syndromes: results from the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 study.
ABSTRACT We explored whether the benefit of intensive versus moderate statin therapy would be greater in carriers of KIF6 719Arg than in noncarriers.
The 719Arg variant of Trp719Arg (rs20455), a polymorphism in kinesin-like protein 6, is associated with greater risk of coronary events and greater benefit from pravastatin versus placebo.
We genotyped 1,778 acute coronary syndrome patients within the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 (Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy: Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22) trial and investigated different intensities of statin therapy in carriers of 719Arg and in noncarriers using Cox proportional hazards models that adjusted for traditional risk factors.
Benefit from intensive, compared with moderate, statin therapy was significantly greater in the 59% of the cohort who were carriers (hazard ratio [HR] 0.59, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.45 to 0.77) than in those who were noncarriers (HR 0.94, 95% CI 0.70 to 1.27; p = 0.018 for interaction between 719Arg carrier status and treatment). Absolute risk reduction was 10.0% in carriers versus 0.8% in noncarriers. The benefit of intensive therapy in carriers was significant as early as day 30 of therapy. Carriers and noncarriers did not differ in on-treatment low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, or C-reactive protein (CRP) levels.
Carriers of 719Arg receive significantly greater benefit from intensive statin therapy than do noncarriers, a superior benefit that appears to be due to a mechanism distinct from lipid or CRP lowering. Functional studies of the KIF6 kinesin are warranted, given the consistent association of Trp719Arg with risk of coronary events and statin benefit.
Article: KIF6 719Arg Allele is Associated with Statin Effects on Cholesterol Levels in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Disease Patients.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: KIF6 719Arg allele carriers are thought to have a greater lipid lowering response from statin therapy than non-carriers. Given the continued interest in the relationship between cholesterol, statin use, amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), and Alzheimer's disease (AD), investigating the role of KIF6 719Arg carrier status in these relationships may be of importance. Data from 86 patients (36 aMCI, 50 AD) with an average age of 76.87 ± 8.22 years were used for this study. Total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), and triglycerides were the outcome variables. 719Arg carriers taking statins had significantly lower TC (p < 0.001) and LDL (p < 0.001) levels than 719Arg carriers not taking statins. In addition, 719Arg carriers not taking statins had significantly higher TC (p = 0.004) and LDL (p < 0.001) than 719Arg non-carriers taking statins. Additional analyses indicated that ApoE ε4 carrier status and statin use interaction is also associated with lower TC (p = 0.04), but not LDL (p = 0.06). The interaction between 719Arg and ApoE ε4 carrier status on TC and LDL was not significant. This study is the first to demonstrate an association between lower cholesterol levels and statin use among KIF6 719Arg allele carriers with aMCI and AD. Accounting for 719Arg carrier status may be important in future studies investigating the link between cholesterol and AD and also for AD and aMCI clinical trials using statins as a treatment.Journal of Alzheimer's disease: JAD 08/2012; · 3.74 Impact Factor
Article: Genome-wide study of gene variants associated with differential cardiovascular event reduction by pravastatin therapy.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Statin therapy reduces the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), however, the person-to-person variability in response to statin therapy is not well understood. We have investigated the effect of genetic variation on the reduction of CHD events by pravastatin. First, we conducted a genome-wide association study of 682 CHD cases from the Cholesterol and Recurrent Events (CARE) trial and 383 CHD cases from the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study (WOSCOPS), two randomized, placebo-controlled studies of pravastatin. In a combined case-only analysis, 79 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with differential CHD event reduction by pravastatin according to genotype (P<0.0001), and these SNPs were analyzed in a second stage that included cases as well as non-cases from CARE and WOSCOPS and patients from the PROspective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk/PHArmacogenomic study of Statins in the Elderly at risk for cardiovascular disease (PROSPER/PHASE), a randomized placebo controlled study of pravastatin in the elderly. We found that one of these SNPs (rs13279522) was associated with differential CHD event reduction by pravastatin therapy in all 3 studies: P = 0.002 in CARE, P = 0.01 in WOSCOPS, P = 0.002 in PROSPER/PHASE. In a combined analysis of CARE, WOSCOPS, and PROSPER/PHASE, the hazard ratio for CHD when comparing pravastatin with placebo decreased by a factor of 0.63 (95% CI: 0.52 to 0.75) for each extra copy of the minor allele (P = 4.8 × 10(-7)). This SNP is located in DnaJ homolog subfamily C member 5B (DNAJC5B) and merits investigation in additional randomized studies of pravastatin and other statins.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(5):e38240. · 4.09 Impact Factor
Article: Cardiovascular pharmacogenomics: current status and future directions-report of a national heart, lung, and blood institute working group.Journal of the American Heart Association. 04/2012; 1(2):e000554.