Article

Induction Chemoradiotherapy Followed by Resection for Locally Advanced Masaoka Stage III and IVA Thymic Tumors

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA.
The Annals of thoracic surgery (Impact Factor: 3.65). 03/2008; 85(2):385-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2007.08.051
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The treatment of locally advanced thymic tumors is not uniform. Recently, several centers have reported the results of induction chemotherapy followed by resection and then radiation. Our center adopted an alternative strategy and treated locally advanced thymic tumors with induction chemoradiotherapy in an effort to maximize the intensity of the induction therapy.
A retrospective review was performed of 10 patients with locally advanced thymic tumors treated from 1997 to 2006. Seven patients were clinically staged as Masaoka stage III and 3 as stage IVA. The treatment plan included two cycles of cisplatin and etoposide with concurrent radiation. Patients then had resection followed by postoperative chemotherapy if they were judged to be at high risk for relapse.
Four patients had a partial radiographic response to induction therapy and 6 had no response. Eight patients had a R0 resection and 2 had a R1 resection. Four patients had substantial (>90%) necrosis in the resected specimen. There was no postoperative mortality. Seven patients had two more cycles of chemotherapy. The median follow-up was 41 months. Three patients had recurrences. The 5-year estimated survival was 69% (95% confidence interval: 32% to 100%).
Induction therapy for locally advanced thymic tumors with cisplatin, etoposide, and radiation is well tolerated, with many patients having a partial radiographic response. The majority of patients can undergo a complete resection with this treatment. The survival of these patients compares favorably with those undergoing other induction regimens. Further efforts to maximize the intensity of induction therapy for locally advanced thymic tumors is warranted. We have initiated a multicenter phase 2 clinical trial (NCT00387868) to prospectively test this concept.

Full-text

Available from: Panos Fidias, Sep 25, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
199 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of published data on the role of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) in predicting the WHO grade of malignancy in thymic epithelial tumors (TETs). Methods A comprehensive literature search of studies published up to March 2014 was performed. Data on maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) in patients with low-risk thymomas (A,AB, B1), high-risk thymomas (B2,B3) and thymic carcinomas (C) according to the WHO classification were collected when reported by the retrieved articles. The comparison of mean SUVmax between low-risk thymomas, high-risk thymomas and thymic carcinomas was expressed as weighted mean difference (WMD) and a pooled WMD was calculated including 95% confidence interval (95%CI). Results Eleven studies were selected for the meta-analysis. The pooled WMD of SUVmax between high-risk and low-risk thymomas was 1.2 (95%CI: 0.4-2.0). The pooled WMD of SUVmax between thymic carcinomas and low-risk thymomas was 4.8 (95%CI: 3.4-6.1). Finally, the pooled WMD of SUVmax between thymic carcinomas and high-risk thymomas was 3.5 (95%CI: 2.7-4.3). Conclusions 18F-FDG PET may predict the WHO grade of malignancy in TETs. In particular, we demonstrated a statistically significant difference of SUVmax between the different TETs (low-grade thymomas, high-grade thymomas and thymic carcinomas).
    Lung Cancer 10/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.lungcan.2014.08.008 · 3.74 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Malignant thymomas are rare epithelial neoplasms of the anterior superior mediastinum that are typically invasive in nature and have a higher risk of relapse that may ultimately lead to death. Here we report a case of an advanced malignant thymoma that was successfully treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgical resection and subsequently with advanced and novel radiation therapy techniques. A 65-year-old male was diagnosed with a stage IV malignant thymoma with multiple metastatic lesions involving the left peripheral lung and pericardium. Initial neoadjuvant chemotherapy with a cisplatin-based regimen resulted in a partial response allowing the inoperable tumor to become operable. Following surgical resection of the residual disease, the tumor recurred within a year. The patient then underwent a course of targeted three-dimensional intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT). Five years after radiation therapy, the localized soft tissue thickening at the left upper lung anterior pleural space had resolved. Seven years after radiation therapy the tumor mass had completely resolved. No recurrences were seen and the patient is well even 8 years after IMRT/IGRT with a favorable outcome. Chemotherapy with targeted three-dimensional IMRT/IGRT should be considered the primary modality for the management of advanced malignant thymoma patients.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2015; 13(1):427. DOI:10.1186/s12957-014-0427-z · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Little information is available about the usefulness of concurrent chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced thymic carcinoma due to a rare anterior mediastinal tumor. We experienced a case of locally advanced thymic carcinoma that responded well to concurrent thoracic radiotherapy combined with cisplatin plus vinorelbine chemotherapy. The patient showed remarkable tumor regression and has remained disease free for over 4 years following combined therapy. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy seems to be effective for locally advanced thymic carcinoma, and cisplatin plus vinorelbine could be an alternative chemotherapy regimen in combination with thoracic radiotherapy in patients with thymic carcinoma.
    Case Reports in Oncology 01/2014; 7(1):65-9. DOI:10.1159/000358380