Behçet's disease complicated by IgA nephropathy with nephrotic syndrome

Department of Medical Science and Cardiorenal Medicine, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004, Japan.
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology (Impact Factor: 2.02). 07/2008; 12(3):224-7. DOI: 10.1007/s10157-008-0029-6
Source: PubMed


A 65-year-old woman with a 48-year history of Behçet's disease associated with nephrotic syndrome is described. Immunofluorescence study revealed IgA nephropathy. Following treatment with an angiotensin II type-I receptor-blocker, an anti-platelet drug, and an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, accompanied by dietary restrictions of protein and sodium, proteinuria was markedly decreased. This report describes our experience with a rare entity of Behçet's disease complicated by nephrotic syndrome due to IgA nephropathy. Routine urine examination and renal biopsy are needed for the detection and diagnosis of renal problems with Behçet's disease.

2 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The inflammatory pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is now well-established, owing to in vitro and in vivo studies and the application of high sensitivity assays for C-reactive protein (CRP) in the general population and specific groups at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). In view of the complexity of inflammation-induced atherosclerosis, the rationale for comparative studies of atherogenesis in rheumatic diseases with diverse inflammatory pathogenesis seems obvious; they are human in vivo models to study inflammatory mechanisms involved in atherosclerosis and the impact of treatment. Factors implicated in atherogenesis in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and Behçet's disease (BD) are discussed in this review. Evidence suggests that enhanced atherosclerosis causes premature cardiovascular events in the autoimmune disease, SLE, and the "high-grade" inflammatory rheumatic disease, RA. Preliminary data suggest that enhanced atherogenesis may accompany FMF in the absence of sufficient suppression of inflammation by colchicine. In the setting of BD, the role of atherosclerosis in the premature manifestation of coronary pathology has not been confirmed; coronary vasculitis and aneurysms appear to constitute the basis of myocardial infarction (MI) in BD. A variety of established and novel risk factors are believed to influence enhanced atherogenesis in rheumatic diseases. Antiphospholipid antibodies are thought to be intimately involved in atherogenesis in SLE and to a lesser extend in RA. CRP may play a more universal role in all rheumatic diseases. The application of high resolution ultrasound of peripheral arteries and other non-invasive techniques may allow targeted use of statins, ACE inhibitors, antiplatelet agents and other cardioprotective drugs in patients with rheumatic diseases, but this needs to be evaluated specifically in prospective studies.
    Current Vascular Pharmacology 04/2010; 8(4):437-49. DOI:10.2174/157016110791330852 · 2.97 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Behçet's disease is a systemic inflammatory disease, which predisposes patients to venous or arterial thrombosis. We report a case of 41-year-old patient who presented for several years with recurrent fevers, arthralgias, episodes of skin eruptions and recurrent bilateral deep venous ileofemoral thromboses, extending into the inferior vena cava, despite the oral anticoagulant therapy. Additionally, he also reported recurrent aphthous oral and genital lesions, and eye problems. A laboratory picture of chronic inflammation, normocytic anaemia and a finding of lupus anticoagulant/antiphospholipid antibodies were observed. PET raised a high suspicion of vasculitic PTT-lupus anticoagulant process, involving the large vessels. During an anticoagulant therapy by warfarin (dose in upper limit of therapeutic range), the left kidney had to be removed because of acute retroperitoneal haemorrhage. On histologic examination, the picture of nephritis was described. A detailed retrospective reevaluation of complex history as well as other clinical findings strongly raised the suspicion of a systemic vasculitic syndrome, such as Behçet's disease, accompanied by antiphospholipid syndrome. The patient responded well to the combination of colchicine and anticoagulant therapy by low-molecular-weight heparin. The episodes of fever, skin eruptions and other symptoms disappeared. We assume that this is a case of an unusual course of Behçet's disease presenting with a rare kidney involvement. Kidney disorder complicated the oral anticoagulant therapy for recurrent venous thromboses and led to the excessive renal bleeding, requiring nephrectomy. Recognition that nephritis is associated with Behçet's disease may be useful to prevent severe renal bleeding in relation to anticoagulant therapy.
    Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 05/2010; 21(5):487-90. DOI:10.1097/MBC.0b013e328338cded · 1.40 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The hydroxy-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are used extensively in the treatment for hyperlipidemia. They have also demonstrated a benefit in a variety of other disease processes, including a wide range of rheumatologic disorders. These secondary actions are known as pleiotropic effects. Our paper serves as a focused and updated discussion on the pleiotropic effects of statins in rheumatologic disorders and emphasizes the importance of randomized, placebo-controlled trials to further elucidate this interesting phenomenon.
    Rheumatology International 07/2011; 32(2):287-94. DOI:10.1007/s00296-011-2008-6 · 1.52 Impact Factor

Similar Publications