The patient health questionnaire, Japanese version: validity according to the mini-international neuropsychiatric interview-plus.
ABSTRACT To validate the Japanese version of the Patient Health Questionnaire against the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Plus in Japan 131 patients in 4 primary care settings and 2 general hospital settings participated. These patients completed the Patient Health Questionnaire and returned it to their physician within 48 hr. Subsequently, the subjects underwent a diagnostic evaluation interview based on the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Plus by an interviewer blind to the results of the Patient Health Questionnaire screening. The Patient Health Questionnaire diagnosis was characterized using kappa values between 0.70 and 1.0 for Somatoform Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Panic Disorder, Bulimia Nervosa, Alcohol Abuse/Dependence, and Premenstrual Disorder. Sensitivities, specificities, and negative predictive values were very good (between 0.84 and 1.0) for the first 4 diagnoses but not Alcohol Abuse/Dependence or Premenstrual Disorder, as were the Positive predictive values (between 0.78 and 1.0). Findings show very good concordance of the Japanese version of the Patient Health Questionnaire with the Japanese version of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Plus.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Kumiko Muramatsu, Aug 15, 2014
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ABSTRACT: The influence of childhood abuse, adult stressful life events and temperaments on depressive symptoms in the non-clinical gen-eral adult population, The influence of childhood abuse, adult stressful life events and temperaments on depressive symptoms in the non-clinical general adult population, Journal of Affective Disorders, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2014.02.004 This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting galley proof before it is published in its final citable form. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain.Journal of Affective Disorders 02/2014; 158. DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2014.02.004 · 3.71 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to reveal the personality traits of individuals with major and other depressive episodes among the young adult population. Furthermore, character traits of individuals with ideas of suicide or self-harm were also investigated in this study. The subjects of this study were 1421 university students who completed the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). The subjects were divided into three separate groups: the major depressive episode group (N=41), the other depressive episode group (N=97), and the non-depressive controls (N=1283). This separation was achieved using the PHQ-9 algorithm diagnosis. We compared the TCI scores using an analysis of variance. Moreover, the Cochran-Armitage trend test was used to determine the diagnosis, ideas of suicide or self-harm, and analysis of character profiles. The major depressive episode group had significantly higher HA (P<0.001), lower RD (P<0.001), lower SD (P<0.001), and lower C (P<0.001) scores than non-depressive controls. The other depressive episode group had significantly higher HA scores (P<0.001) and lower SD scores (P<0.001) than non-depressive controls. The Cochran-Armitage trend test revealed that the prevalence of depressive episodes decreased as the character profiles matured (χ(2)trend=57.2, P<0.0001). The same tendency was observed in individuals who had ideas of suicide or self-harm (χ(2)trend=49.3, P<0.0001). High HA and low SD scores were common personality traits among young adults with major depressive episodes. Furthermore, the immaturity of character profiles was clearly associated with depressive episodes and ideas of suicide or self-harm.Comprehensive psychiatry 07/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.05.014 · 2.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this investigation was to examine depression in, and the lifestyles of, 260 college students of a nursing school in nonclinical settings. The principal measure of depressive symptoms was the 9-item depression module from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Additional questions were focused on current stress levels and sleeping, eating, and exercising habits. One hundred and fifty-two college students finally participated. Overall, the average PHQ-9 score was 7.7 +/- 5.1 (SD). The students with PHQ-9 scores of 15 or higher were 9.2%. The average PHQ-9 scores in the 1st school year were significantly higher than those of the 4th school year. The students feeling stressed had significantly higher PHQ-9 scores than those that felt no stress. PHQ-9 scores in the students who had unsatisfactory sleeping habits were significantly higher than those in the students who felt they had satisfactory sleep. The students who slept less than 5 hours and more than 8 hours had significantly higher PHQ-9 scores than those who slept 6-7 hours. PHQ-9 scores in the students who never ate breakfast were higher than those who ate breakfast everyday. Moreover, the students who never ate 3 meals daily had higher PHQ-9 scores than those who did. The results suggest that there is a strong relationship between the severity of depressive symptoms and the lifestyles of college students. This underscores the need to provide effective mental health outreach and treatment, including lifestyle modification, at an early stage in college life.Southern medical journal 09/2009; 102(8):800-4. DOI:10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3181ad6009 · 1.12 Impact Factor