The patient health questionnaire, Japanese version: validity according to the mini-international neuropsychiatric interview-plus.
ABSTRACT To validate the Japanese version of the Patient Health Questionnaire against the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Plus in Japan 131 patients in 4 primary care settings and 2 general hospital settings participated. These patients completed the Patient Health Questionnaire and returned it to their physician within 48 hr. Subsequently, the subjects underwent a diagnostic evaluation interview based on the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Plus by an interviewer blind to the results of the Patient Health Questionnaire screening. The Patient Health Questionnaire diagnosis was characterized using kappa values between 0.70 and 1.0 for Somatoform Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Panic Disorder, Bulimia Nervosa, Alcohol Abuse/Dependence, and Premenstrual Disorder. Sensitivities, specificities, and negative predictive values were very good (between 0.84 and 1.0) for the first 4 diagnoses but not Alcohol Abuse/Dependence or Premenstrual Disorder, as were the Positive predictive values (between 0.78 and 1.0). Findings show very good concordance of the Japanese version of the Patient Health Questionnaire with the Japanese version of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Plus.
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ABSTRACT: The influence of childhood abuse, adult stressful life events and temperaments on depressive symptoms in the non-clinical gen-eral adult population, The influence of childhood abuse, adult stressful life events and temperaments on depressive symptoms in the non-clinical general adult population, Journal of Affective Disorders, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2014.02.004 This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting galley proof before it is published in its final citable form. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain.Journal of Affective Disorders 02/2014; · 3.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To elucidate whether low job control and low social support at work have synergistic interaction on mental health. The synergistic interaction was also analyzed after stratification by high and low job demands.International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 05/2014; · 2.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Two depression screening tools, Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 and PHQ-2, have not had their validity examined in general internal medicine settings in Japan. We examined the validity of these screening tools. A total of 598 outpatients of an internal medicine clinic in a rural general hospital were enrolled consecutively and stratified by PHQ-9 score. Seventy-five patients randomly selected and 29 patients whose results from the PHQ-9 were considered to be positive for depressive disorder were then interviewed with a semistructured interview, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. We calculated diagnostic accuracy of the PHQ-9 and PHQ-2 to detect major depression and that of the suicidality item of the PHQ-9 to detect suicidality using sampling weights with multiple imputations. Sensitivity and specificity for depression were 0.86 and 0.85, respectively, for the PHQ-9 with cutoff points of 4/5, and 0.77 and 0.95, respectively, for the PHQ-2 with cutoff points of 2/3. Sensitivity and specificity of the suicidality item of the PHQ-9 were 0.70 and 0.97, respectively. In internal medicine clinics in Japanese rural hospitals, the PHQ-2 with an optimal cutoff point for each setting plus the suicidality item of the PHQ-9 can be recommended to detect depression without missing suicidality.General hospital psychiatry 09/2013; · 2.67 Impact Factor