Birth after pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of spinocerebellar ataxia 2 (Sca2).
ABSTRACT Spinocerebellar ataxia 2 (SCA2) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disease caused by an extended polyglutamine sequence in the ATXN2 protein. We describe the development of a new single-cell multiplex PCR protocol for pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of SCA2 and its successful clinical application.
Three duplex tests have been developed, one, which combines the detection of the CAG repeats in addition to the D12S821 microsatellite, another, the amplification of the CAG repeats and the D12S1333 microsatellite and the last, the combination of both microsatellites D12S821 and D12S1333.
PCR conditions were established using 226 single lymphoblasts or patient lymphocysts. Amplification was obtained in an average of 99.6%, a complete genotype in 86%, a conclusive result in 96% and an allelic drop-out (ADO) rate of 10.7% was observed. PGD for SCA2 was performed for a couple with a paternal risk of transmitting the pathology. Two cycles were done from which 18 embryos were biopsied, 8 were diagnosed as unaffected, 9 as affected and 1 gave no results. In both cycles 2 embryos were transferred, with no pregnancy at the first attempt, and a twin pregnancy at the second attempt. The patient delivered one girl and one boy at 36 weeks and 3 days.