Influence of sorption to dissolved humic substances on transformation reactions of hydrophobic organic compounds in water. Part II: hydrolysis reactions.
ABSTRACT The effect of dissolved humic acid (HA) on two types of hydrolysis reactions was investigated: (I) dehydrochlorination of gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TeCA) as a reaction involving hydroxide ions (OH(-)) and (II) hydrolysis of 1-octyl acetate (OA) which is catalyzed by H(+) at the applied pH value (pH 4.5). The rate of TeCA hydrolysis was not affected by addition of 2 g l(-1) of HA at pH 10 (k' = 0.33 h(-1)) but HCH hydrolysis was significantly inhibited (k' = 4.6 x 10(-3) h(-1) without HA and 2.8 x 10(-3)h(-1) at 2 g l(-1) HA). HCH is sorbed by 51% whereas TeCA sorption is insignificant at this HA concentration. Sorbed HCH molecules are effectively protected due to electrostatic repulsion of OH(-) by the net negative charge of the HA molecules. In contrast, OA hydrolysis at pH 4.5 (k' = 1.6 x 10(-5) h(-1)) was drastically accelerated after addition of 2 g l(-1) HA (k' = 1.1 x 10(-3) h(-1)). The ratio of the pseudo-first-order rate constants of the sorbed and the freely dissolved ester fraction is about 70. H(+) accumulation in the microenvironment of the negatively charged HA molecules was suggested to contribute to the higher reaction rate for the sorbed fraction in case of this H(+)-catalyzed reaction. Analogous effects from anionic surfactants are known as micellar catalysis.
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ABSTRACT: The influence of humic aggregates in water solution upon the chemical stability of Iprodione has been investigated under basic conditions. Taking into account that an important part of soils are colloids, the possibility of its presence implies that soil composition and its structure will play an important role in the stability of this pesticide. A kinetic model was applied to this system and the kinetic coefficients were obtained. An inhibition upon the alkaline hydrolysis of Iprodione (2-fold) was observed and it was rationalized in terms of the micellar pseudophase model. These results have been compared with the corresponding ones in the same natural colloidal aggregates in the presence of other pesticides.Chemosphere 05/2013; · 3.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The influences of humic acids (HAs) of different origins, including two commercial HAs, three soil HAs and one aquatic HA, on phenols oxidation by permanganate were studied. The apparent second-order rate constants of 2-chlorophenol (2-CP)/phenol oxidation by permanganate in the presence of HAs at pH 7 followed the order of commercial HA (Shanghai)>soil HAs>commercial HA (Fluka)>aquatic HA. Moreover, the commercial HA (Shanghai) could accelerate the oxidation of different chlorophenols (CP) significantly under neutral condition. The FTIR analysis demonstrated greater content of CC moieties and less amount of carboxylate, aliphatic groups and polysaccharide-like substances in soil HAs than in aqueous HA, suggesting that the increase of aromaticity in HA was beneficial to the oxidation of phenols by permanganate. The apparent second-order rate constants of 2-CP/phenol oxidation by permanganate in the presence of HAs correlated well with specific visible absorption (SVA) at 665 nm of HAs. High positive correlation coefficients (R(2)>0.75) implied that pi-electrons of HA strongly influenced the reactivity of 2-CP/phenol towards permanganate oxidation, which agreed well with positive correlation between Fluorescence Regional Integration (FRI) and the apparent second-order rate constants. The pi-pi interaction between HAs and phenols, the steric hindrance effect and the dissociation of phenols may affect the oxidation of phenols by permanganate in the presence of HA at pH=7.0.Journal of hazardous materials 10/2010; 182(1-3):681-8. · 4.33 Impact Factor