ADAM-17 predicts adverse outcome in patients with breast cancer.
ABSTRACT ADAM-17 is a matrix metalloproteinase-like enzyme involved in the release of several ligands that have been shown to promote both cancer formation and progression. These ligands include transforming growth factor-alpha, amphiregulin, heparin-binding epidermal growth factor, epiregulin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. In this investigation, we measured the expression of total ADAM-17 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 153 invasive breast cancers. We also measured the precursor and active forms by western blotting in 140 invasive breast cancers. Expression of ADAM-17 was significantly increased in high-grade compared with low-grade tumors and was independent of tumor size, lymph node metastasis and estrogen receptor status. Patients with high expression of ADAM-17 had a significantly shorter overall survival compared with those with low expression. Significantly, the prognostic impact of ADAM-17 was independent of conventional prognostic factors for breast cancer. Our results are further evidence that ADAM-17 is involved in breast cancer progression and thus provides further impetus for exploiting ADAM-17 as new target for cancer treatment.
11/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-714-7
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ABSTRACT: The ADAMs are transmembrane proteins implicated in proteolysis and cell adhesion. Forty gene members of the family have been identified, of which 21 are believed to be functional in humans. As proteases, their main substrates are the ectodomains of other transmembrane proteins. These substrates include precursor forms of growth factors, cytokines, growth factor receptors, cytokine receptors and several different types of adhesion molecules. Although altered expression of specific ADAMs has been implicated in different diseases, their best-documented role is in cancer formation and progression. ADAMs shown to play a role in cancer include ADAM9, ADAM10, ADAM12, ADAM15 and ADAM17. Two of the ADAMs, i.e., ADAM10 and 17 appear to promote cancer progression by releasing HER/EGFR ligands. The released ligands activate HER/EGFR signalling that culminates in increased cell proliferation, migration and survival. Consistent with a causative role in cancer, several ADAMs are emerging as potential cancer biomarkers for aiding cancer diagnosis and predicting patient outcome. Furthermore, a number of selective ADAM inhibitors, especially against ADAM10 and ADAM17, have been shown to have anti-cancer effects. At least one of these inhibitors is now undergoing clinical trials in patients with breast cancer.Clinical Proteomics 01/2011; 8(1):9.