ADAM-17 predicts adverse outcome in patients with breast cancer.
ABSTRACT ADAM-17 is a matrix metalloproteinase-like enzyme involved in the release of several ligands that have been shown to promote both cancer formation and progression. These ligands include transforming growth factor-alpha, amphiregulin, heparin-binding epidermal growth factor, epiregulin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. In this investigation, we measured the expression of total ADAM-17 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 153 invasive breast cancers. We also measured the precursor and active forms by western blotting in 140 invasive breast cancers. Expression of ADAM-17 was significantly increased in high-grade compared with low-grade tumors and was independent of tumor size, lymph node metastasis and estrogen receptor status. Patients with high expression of ADAM-17 had a significantly shorter overall survival compared with those with low expression. Significantly, the prognostic impact of ADAM-17 was independent of conventional prognostic factors for breast cancer. Our results are further evidence that ADAM-17 is involved in breast cancer progression and thus provides further impetus for exploiting ADAM-17 as new target for cancer treatment.
- SourceAvailable from: Patricia Mcgowan
- 11/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-714-7
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ABSTRACT: In the absence of HER2 overexpression, triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) rely on signaling by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/ErbB1/HER1) to convey growth signals and stimulate cell proliferation. Soluble EGF-like ligands are derived from their transmembrane precursors by ADAM proteases, but the identity of the ADAM that is primarily responsible for ligand release and activation of EGFR in TNBCs is not clear. Using publicly available gene expression data for patients with lymph node-negative breast tumors who did not receive systemic treatment, we show that ADAM12L is the only ADAM with an expression level significantly associated with decreased distant metastasis-free survival times. Similar effect was not observed for patients with ER-negative non-TNBCs. There was a positive correlation between ADAM12L and HB-EGF and EGFR in TNBCs, but not in ER-negative non-TNBCs. We further demonstrate that ectopic expression of ADAM12L increased EGFR phosphorylation in a mouse intraductal xenograft model of early breast cancer. Finally, we detect strong correlation between the level of anti-ADAM12L and anti-phospho-EGFR immunostaining in human breast tumors using tissue microarrays. These studies suggest that ADAM12L is the primary protease responsible for the activation of EGFR in early stage, lymph node-negative TNBCs. Thus, our results may provide novel insight into the biology of TNBC.Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 08/2012; 135(3):759-69. · 4.47 Impact Factor