No evidence of an effect of alterations in dietary fatty acids on fasting adiponectin over 3 weeks

Human Nutrition and Metabolic Unit, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
Obesity (Impact Factor: 4.39). 04/2008; 16(3):592-9. DOI: 10.1038/oby.2007.97
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Little is known about the effects of alterations in fatty acid classes on adiponectin, a hormone secreted by the adipocyte known to be important in the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Any factor, including diet, that may positively influence adiponectin gene expression or increase circulating levels might be useful for improving such metabolic abnormalities. We investigated the effects of alterations in dietary fatty acid saturation on fasting serum adiponectin and associated peptides.
Double-blind, randomized, crossover, 2 x 3-week residential intervention trial where 18 mildly hyperlipidemic adult men were provided with a high saturated:unsaturated fat (SFA:USFA) and lower SFA:USFA treatment separated by an uncontrolled 4-week washout. Only fatty acid profile was altered between treatments. Fasting blood samples were collected on days 0, 1, 7, 14, 21, 22 of each intervention period for the measurement of adiponectin, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsC-RP), leptin, and ghrelin.
Body weight was kept constant (+/-1 kg) throughout each treatment. There was no detectable difference in fasting adiponectin at baseline (mean day 0 + day 1) between the treatment groups (mean +/- s.d.; high(SFA:USFA) = 7.0 +/- 1.7 vs. low(SFA:USFA) = 6.7 +/- 1.4 microg/ml, P > 0.05). There were neither significant between-treatment effects of fatty acid saturation (diet x time, P > 0.05) on serum adiponectin nor any significant between-treatment effects on serum TNF-alpha, IL-6, hsC-RP, leptin, or ghrelin (P > 0.05).
Fasting serum adiponectin was not detectably affected by alterations in dietary fatty acid profile in mildly hyperlipidemic men. There was no evidence that an increase in SFA content of the diet significantly worsened fasting serum adiponectin over a 3-week intervention period.

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Circulating levels of adiponectin are low in obesity and metabolic disorders associated with increasing fat mass including insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Body fat stores may be positively related to intake of dietary fat, but little is known of mechanisms by which serum adiponectin may be regulated through diet. We investigated acute effects of a high-fat load and changes in fatty acid saturation on circulating adiponectin and associated mediators of inflammation including interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor- (TNF- ), and C-reactive protein (CRP). Methods: A high-fat test meal (59 4 g fat; 71% of energy as fat) containing a high (71:29) or low (55:45) ratio of saturated:unsaturated fatty acids was given at breakfast on two occasions. Blood samples were collected at 0 (baseline), 1, 3, and 6 h for measurement of adiponectin, IL-6, TNF-, and high-sensitivity CRP. A fat-exclusion lunch, snack, and dinner were also given and blood samples collected at 10 and 24 h. Results: Eighteen healthy, lean men completed the trial. There was no evidence of acute change in circulating adiponectin in response to the lipid bolus or a differential effect of fatty acid saturation on adiponectin, high-sensitivity CRP, or IL-6 (P 0.05). IL-6 increased ove r6h o nboth treatments (time, P 0.05). TNF- decreased on the high saturated:unsaturated fatty acid treatment (treatment by time, P 0.05). There were no significant correlations between circulating adiponectin and insulin on either dietary treatment in these normoglycemic subjects. Conclusion: Acute changes in the content of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids had no adverse effect on postprandial circulation of the adipose-related factors adiponectin, IL-6, TNF- ,o r high-sensitivity CRP. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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