Regional variations pattern of indoor radon levels in some areas of Punjab and Haryana.
ABSTRACT The indoor radon concentration levels and their regional variations pattern, for two consecutive half-year periods, in a wide range of dwellings of some regions of Punjab and Haryana states have been studied. The objective was to find the relation between the variations of indoor radon levels with the sub-soil and local geology, type of building materials utilised in the dwellings of the region. Keeping this in view, indoor radon measurements have been carried out in the dwellings of 30 villages around the Tusham Ring Complex, Bhiwani district, Haryana, known to be composed of acidic volcanics and associated granites, along with 11 villages of Amritsar District, Punjab. The indoor radon concentration in the dwellings around Tusham (Haryana) was found to vary from 120 +/- 95 to 915 +/- 233 Bq m(-3), whereas radon levels varied from 60 +/- 37 to 235 +/- 96 Bq m(-3) for the dwellings studied in Punjab. We believe that local geology including embedded granitic rocks, and sub-soil, as well as building materials having higher radioactive content, is the major contributor for the higher indoor radon levels observed particularly in the dwelling around Tusham Ring complex, where some dwellings are showing higher radon concentrations than the ICRP recommendations. The environmental samples from some areas of Punjab state and around the Tusham Ring Complex of Haryana state have also been analysed for radon exhalation studies. Higher values for radon exhalation rates have been observed for the Tusham's soil/rock specimens, as compared with soil samples of the Amritsar region of Punjab.
- Health Physics 10/1984; 47(3):480-4. · 1.02 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Exposure to high concentrations of radon progeny (radon) produces lung cancer in both underground miners and experimentally exposed laboratory animals. To determine the risk posed by residential radon exposure, the authors performed a population-based, case-control epidemiologic study in Iowa from 1993 to 1997. Subjects were female Iowa residents who had occupied their current home for at least 20 years. A total of 413 lung cancer cases and 614 age-frequency-matched controls were included in the final analysis. Excess odds were calculated per 11 working-level months for exposures that occurred 5-19 years (WLM(5-19)) prior to diagnosis for cases or prior to time of interview for controls. Eleven WLM(5-19) is approximately equal to an average residential radon exposure of 4 pCl/liter (148 Bq/m3) during this period. After adjustment for age, smoking, and education, the authors found excess odds of 0.50 (95% confidence interval: 0.004, 1.81) and 0.83 (95% percent confidence interval: 0.11, 3.34) using categorical radon exposure estimates for all cases and for live cases, respectively. Slightly lower excess odds of 0.24 (95 percent confidence interval: -0.05, 0.92) and 0.49 (95 percent confidence interval: 0.03, 1.84) per 11 WLM(5-19) were noted for continuous radon exposure estimates for all subjects and live subjects only. The observed risk estimates suggest that cumulative ambient radon exposure presents an important environmental health hazard.American Journal of Epidemiology 07/2000; 151(11):1091-102. · 4.78 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Some epidemiological studies have suggested a relationship between the concentration of decay products from radon, i.e., radon daughter exposure, in dwellings and lung cancer. Further experiences made from radon measurements have indicated that both building material and particularly the radioactivity in the ground is of importance for the leakage of radon into the houses. In Sweden, a survey is now ongoing in 15 municipalities with alum shale deposits, and in one area a case-referent evaluation has been made, considering building materials, ground conditions and smoking habits. The size of the study is small, but the results suggest that a risk is at hand and that there is a multiplicative effect from smoking and radon daughter exposure. About 30% of the lung cancers in the studied population might be attributable to elevated and potentially avoidable exposure to radon and radon daughters.Environment International. 01/1986;