Increasing Body Mass Index Negatively Impacts Outcomes Following Robotic Radical Prostatectomy

Department of Urology, The New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY, USA.
JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons (Impact Factor: 0.91). 10/2007; 11(4):438-42.
Source: PubMed


To clarify the impact of increasing body mass index (BMI) on outcomes following robotic radical prostatectomy.
From January 2003 to May 2005, 132 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer underwent a robotic radical prostatectomy. Patients were divided into 3 cohorts based on BMI: 38 normal (range, 18 to 24.9), 60 overweight (range, 25 to 29.9), and 34 obese (BMI>30).
The operative time was significantly longer in obese (304 min) men compared with overweight (235 min) and normal (238 min) BMI patients (P<0.001). Estimated blood loss was significantly greater in both the obese (316 mL) and overweight (318 mL) groups compared with men with normal BMI (234 mL) (P<0.005). Three patients (1 obese and 2 overweight) required conversion to open surgery. Twenty-three of 132 men (17%) had a positive surgical margin, with obese (21%) and overweight (20%) men at a greater risk compared with normal BMI men (11%). No significant differences existed between groups with regard to final pathologic stage, Gleason score, biochemical recurrence at 1-year, and postoperative complication rate.
Overweight and obese men had a longer operative duration, greater blood loss, longer hospital duration, and higher positive surgical margin rate. Robotic prostatectomy in men with elevated BMI is technically more challenging and is associated with more operative morbidity.

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    • "Herman et al analysed a group of 132 men undergoing RALP, including 60 overweight and 34 obese patients with matched disease characteristics [10]. The overweight and obese patients had a longer operative duration (304 min vs 235 min; p < 0.001), greater blood loss, longer hospital stay, and higher positive surgical margin (PSM) rates (21% vs 11%; p = 0.18). "
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    ABSTRACT: Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) using the da Vinci Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) is now in widespread use for the management of localised prostate cancer (PCa). Many reports of the safety and efficacy of this procedure have been published. However, there are few specific reports of the limitations and complications of RALP. The primary purpose of this review is to ascertain the downsides of RALP by focusing on complications and limitations of this approach. A Medline search of the English-language literature was performed to identify all papers published since 2001 relating to RALP. Papers providing data on technical failures, complications, learning curve, or other downsides of RALP were considered. Of 412 papers identified, 68 were selected for review based on their relevance to the objective of this paper. RALP has the following principal downsides: (1) device failure occurs in 0.2-0.4% of cases; (2) assessment of functional outcome is unsatisfactory because of nonstandardised assessment techniques; (3) overall complication rates of RALP are low, although higher rates are noted when complications are reported using a standardised system; (4) long-term oncologic data and data on high-risk PCa are limited; (5) a steep learning curve exists, and although acceptable operative times can be achieved in <20 cases, positive surgical margin (PSM) rates may require experience with >80 cases before a plateau is achieved; (6) robotic assistance does not reduce the difficulty associated with obese patients and those with large prostates, middle lobes, or previous surgery, in whom outcomes are less satisfactory than in patients without such factors; (7) economic barriers prevent uniform dissemination of robotic technology. Many of the downsides of RALP identified in this paper can be addressed with longer-term data and more widespread adoption of standardised reporting measures. The significant learning curve should not be understated, and the expense of this technology continues to restrict access for many patients.
    European Urology 05/2010; 57(5):735-46. DOI:10.1016/j.eururo.2009.12.021 · 13.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare patient characteristics, operative variables, and outcomes of 24 patients who underwent robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) with 44 patients who underwent conventional TLH. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 44 patients with TLH and 24 patients with robotic TLH. Robotic TLH was associated with a shorter hospital stay (1.0 vs 1.4 days, P=0.011) and a significant decrease in narcotic use (1.2 vs 5.0 units, P=0.002). EBL and droP in hemoglobin were not significantly different. The operative time was significantly longer in patients undergoing robotic TLH (142.2 vs 122.1 minutes, P=0.027). However, only need for laparoscopic morcellation, BMI, and uterine weight, not robotic use, were independently associated with increased operative times. Robotic hysterectomy can be performed safely with comparable operative times to those of conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy. Postoperative measures were improved over measures for conventional laparoscopy.
    JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons 01/2009; 13(3):364-9. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) on the cost and clinical variables after radical cystectomy (RC), as studies show that obesity might adversely affect the outcomes after RC. The charts of patients who had RC from January 2004 to March 2007 were reviewed retrospectively. Complete cost and clinical information was available for 99 patients; the patient and tumour characteristics and peri-operative outcomes were recorded. Detailed cost information (room and board, laboratory, pharmacy, radiology, operating room, surgical supply, anaesthesia, and recovery room) was obtained from hospital billing. Patients were stratified and compared in three groups of BMI, i.e. normal weight (<25), overweight (25-<30) and obese (> or =30). The mean age of the patients was 66 years; 27% were normal weight, 38% were overweight and 34% were obese. Of obese patients, 24% had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score of 0, vs none and 2.6% in the normal and overweight groups, respectively (P = 0.001). Those of normal weight had the highest overall and major complication rates (P = 0.57 and 0.28, respectively). Obese patients had insignificantly higher transfusion rates (P = 0.28). The direct cost was higher in normal weight ($14,314) than overweight ($13,808) and obese ($13,666) patients (P = 0.47). Higher room and board cost in normal-weight patients was the only significant cost difference (P = 0.008). BMI was not associated with increased costs of cystectomy. The absence of differences in cost-related and clinical outcomes might be attributable to variable comorbidity among groups and the experience of a high-volume surgeon and staff at a tertiary-care referral centre that routinely cares for obese patients.
    BJU International 02/2009; 104(3):326-30. DOI:10.1111/j.1464-410X.2009.08358.x · 3.53 Impact Factor
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