Growth inhibition of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells by blocking STAT3 activation with decoy-ODN.
ABSTRACT More and more studies show that signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is frequently constitutively activated in a wide number of malignancies and named as an attractive molecular target for tumor treatment. Here, we employed STAT3-decoy ODN, which specifically block over-activated STAT3, to treat human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, and evaluated the cellular proliferation ability and investigated the molecular mechanisms in vitro. The results demonstrated that the proliferation of HCC cells was suppressed significantly by STAT3-decoy ODN, being associated with the increased apoptosis and cell arrest at G0/G1 to S phase transition. Further investigates showed the expression of STAT3-regulated genes including bcl-x1, cyclin D1 and c-myc, which involved in cell apoptosis and cell cycle progression, were down-regulated significantly both at transcription and translation levels. These data suggested that STAT3 may be potentially used as a molecular target in HCC therapy.
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ABSTRACT: The activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) has been closely linked with the proliferation, survival, invasion, and angiogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and represents an attractive target for therapy. In the present report, we investigated whether honokiol mediates its effect through interference with the STAT3 activation pathway. The effect of honokiol on STAT3 activation, associated protein kinases, and phosphatase, STAT3-regulated gene products and apoptosis was investigated using both functional proteomics tumor pathway technology platform and different HCC cell lines. We found that honokiol inhibited both constitutive and inducible STAT3 activation in a dose- and time-dependent manner in HCC cells. The suppression was mediated through the inhibition of activation of upstream kinases c-Src, Janus-activated kinase 1, and Janus-activated kinase 2. Vanadate treatment reversed honokiol-induced down-regulation of STAT3, suggesting the involvement of a tyrosine phosphatase. Indeed, we found that honokiol induced the expression of tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 that correlated with the down-regulation of constitutive STAT3 activation. Moreover, deletion of SHP-1 gene by siRNA abolished the ability of honokiol to inhibit STAT3 activation. The inhibition of STAT3 activation by honokiol led to the suppression of various gene products involved in proliferation, survival, and angiogenesis. Finally, honokiol inhibited proliferation and significantly potentiated the apoptotic effects of paclitaxel and doxorubicin in HCC cells. Overall, the results suggest that honokiol is a novel blocker of STAT3 activation and may have a great potential for the treatment of HCC and other cancers.Journal of Cellular Physiology 05/2012; 227(5):2184-95. DOI:10.1002/jcp.22954 · 3.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In a previous study, to identify genes of importance for hepatocellular carcinogenesis, and especially for processes involved in malignant transformation, the authors investigated differences in gene expression between adenomas and carcinomas by DNA microarray. In the present study, the authors investigated AW434047, one of the sequences that was upregulated in carcinomas. The investigation led to the identification of a novel gene, which the authors named hepatocyte malignant transforming factor (HMTF), of unknown function whose expression was increased in hepatocellular carcinomas. Northern blot and in situ hybridization also demonstrated high levels of HMTF in rat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines, lymphocytes in the spleen, colon mucosal epithelia, spermatocytes, and granule cells of the hippocampus. Reduction of HMTF by RNA interference (RNAi) in N1 cells, an HCC cell line, caused suppression of cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. Suppression of proliferation appeared to be due to cell cycle arrest without increased apoptosis. Decreased HMTF expression resulted in down-regulation of STAT3, PCNA, and cyclin D1 and upregulation of p27. These results suggest that HMTF is a new marker for rat HCC and is involved in HCC cell proliferation and may also be linked to cell proliferation in the spleen, colon, brain, and testis.Toxicologic Pathology 09/2011; 39(7):1084-90. DOI:10.1177/0192623311422077 · 1.92 Impact Factor
Chapter: The Value of the Cytokinome ProfileInflammatory Diseases - A Modern Perspective, Edited by Amit Nagal, 01/2011: pages 103-127; Intechweb.org., ISBN: 978-953-307-444-3