Growth inhibition of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells by blocking STAT3 activation with decoy-ODN.
ABSTRACT More and more studies show that signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is frequently constitutively activated in a wide number of malignancies and named as an attractive molecular target for tumor treatment. Here, we employed STAT3-decoy ODN, which specifically block over-activated STAT3, to treat human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, and evaluated the cellular proliferation ability and investigated the molecular mechanisms in vitro. The results demonstrated that the proliferation of HCC cells was suppressed significantly by STAT3-decoy ODN, being associated with the increased apoptosis and cell arrest at G0/G1 to S phase transition. Further investigates showed the expression of STAT3-regulated genes including bcl-x1, cyclin D1 and c-myc, which involved in cell apoptosis and cell cycle progression, were down-regulated significantly both at transcription and translation levels. These data suggested that STAT3 may be potentially used as a molecular target in HCC therapy.
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ABSTRACT: Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) transduces signals of many peptide hormones from the cell surface to the nucleus and functions as an oncoprotein in many types of cancers, yet little is known about how it achieves its native folded state within the cell. Here we show that Stat3 is a novel substrate of the ring-shaped hetero-oligomeric eukaryotic chaperonin, TRiC/CCT, which contributes to its biosynthesis and activity in vitro and in vivo. TRiC binding to Stat3 was mediated, at least in part, by TRiC subunit CCT3. Stat3 binding to TRiC mapped predominantly to the β-strand rich, DNA-binding domain of Stat3. Notably, enhancing Stat3 binding to TRiC by engineering an additional TRiC-binding domain from the von Hippel-Lindau protein (vTBD), at the N-terminus of Stat3, further increased its affinity for TRiC as well as its function, as determined by Stat3's ability to bind to its phosphotyrosyl-peptide ligand, an interaction critical for Stat3 activation. Thus, Stat3 levels and function are regulated by TRiC and can be modulated by manipulating its interaction with TRiC.PLoS Biology 04/2014; 12(4):e1001844. · 11.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription (STATs) are a family of transcription factors that regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, immune and inflammatory responses, and angiogenesis. Cumulative evidence has established that STAT3 has a critical role in the development of multiple cancer types. Because it is constitutively activated during disease progression and metastasis in a variety of cancers, STAT3 has promise as a drug target for cancer therapeutics. Recently, STAT3 was found to have an important role in maintaining cancer stem cells in vitro and in mouse tumor models, suggesting STAT3 is integrally involved in tumor initiation, progression and maintenance. STAT3 has been traditionally considered as nontargetable or undruggable, and the lag in developing effective STAT3 inhibitors contributes to the current lack of FDA-approved STAT3 inhibitors. Recent advances in cancer biology and drug discovery efforts have shed light on targeting STAT3 globally and/or specifically for cancer therapy. In this review, we summarize current literature and discuss the potential importance of STAT3 as a novel target for cancer prevention and of STAT3 inhibitors as effective chemopreventive agents.Cancers. 06/2014; 6(2):926-57.
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ABSTRACT: STAT3 is highly activated in a wide variety of cancers and functions to promote tumor survival. We previously reported that blocking STAT3 activation inhibited human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) growth in vitro, but whether this treatment also triggered antitumor immune responses in vivo remained unknown. In this study, we found that blocking the STAT3 pathway in HCC cells dramatically inhibited murine HCC growth in vivo and prolonged survival of tumor-bearing mice. Importantly, the presence of STAT3-blocked HCC augmented NK cell cytotoxicity against HCC and increased expression of molecules associated with NK cell activation and cytotoxicity. In T cell-deficient nude mice, a unique NK cell-mediated antitumor function against STAT3-blocked HCC was suggested. NK cells were shown to be necessary and sufficient in NK or T cell depletion experiments, or by adoptively transferring NK cells. Furthermore, regulatory T cells and immunosuppressive IL-10 and TGF-β cytokines were reduced in mice bearing STAT3-blocked HCC cells, suggesting that these factors may be involved in HCC-induced NK cell suppression. These findings indicate that blocking STAT3 in HCC cells can initiate innate immunity in vivo.The Journal of Immunology 07/2014; 193(4). · 5.36 Impact Factor