Anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of the leaf extracts and essential oil of Lavandula angustifolia Mill.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology (Impact Factor: 2.94). 12/2003; 89(1):67-71. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-8741(03)00234-4
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Extracts obtained from the leaves of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (Lamiaceae) are used in Iranian folk medicine as remedies for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases. For evaluation of its probable analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, hydroalcoholic extract, polyphenolic fraction and essential oil of the leaves of the herb were prepared and their analgesic effects were studied in mice using formalin and acetic acid-induced writhing tests. Carrageenan test in rats was used for assessment of anti-inflammatory activity of above-mentioned fractions. Results showed that while the hydroalcoholic extract (400-1600 mg/kg, p.o.) inhibited only the second phase of formalin test, the polyphenolic fraction (800 and 1600 mg/kg, p.o.) and essential oil (100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) suppressed both phases. In acetic acid-induced writhing test, polyphenolic fraction (400 and 800 mg/kg, p.o.) and essential oil (100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) reduced the number of abdominal constrictions. Essential oil at a dose of 200mg/kg also inhibited carrageenan-induced paw edema. Results of the present study confirm the traditional use of Lavandula angustifolia for the treatment of painful and inflammatory conditions and calls for further investigations to determine the active chemical constituent(s).

Download full-text


Available from: Alireza Ghannadi, Feb 09, 2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A protocol for long-term in vitro conservation of multiple shoot cultures of Lavandula officinalis and regeneration of true-to-type plants from them is described here. Multiple shoots were developed from apical bud explants on a modified vitamin-enriched Murashige and Skoog’s basal medium supplemented with 2.5 mg/l Kinetin. The cultures were subsequently conserved in vitro for 6 years under slow growth conditions imposed by lowering the sucrose level from 3 to 2.0 % and increasing the agar concentration from 0.8 to 1.2 % in this medium. Complete plant regeneration from in vitro conserved shoots was achieved through axillary shoot proliferation on original 2.5 mg/l Kinetin containing medium followed by rooting of individual shoots in a hormone-free half strength MS basal medium. The genetic fidelity of the regenerated plants was tested by random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis. Twenty one arbitrary decamer primers produced a total of 64 scorable bands (1–6 bands/primer) in the size range of 100–5,148 bp. All DNA fingerprints with these primers displayed monomorphic band profiles indicating homogeneity among the regenerated progeny and their uniformity with the donor parent. Head-space gas chromatographic analysis of the leaf tissue excised from mother as well as regenerated plants also revealed a similar qualitative and quantitative profile of volatile terpenes. The utility of the developed protocol for long-term ex situ conservation and quality plant production for cultivation of this high value aromatic herb is discussed.
    Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11240-014-0637-7 · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the mode of action of the lavender essential oil (LV) on antimicrobial activity against multi-drug-resistant Escherichia coli J53 R1 when used singly and in combination with piperacillin. In the time-kill analysis, a complete killing of bacteria was observed based on colony counts within 4 h when LV was combined with piperacillin during exposure at determined FIC concentrations. Analysis of the membrane permeabilizing effects of LV on treated cultures through their stability against sodium dodecyl sulphate revealed that the LV played a role in disrupting the bacterial cell membrane. The finding is further supported by scanning electron microscopy analysis and zeta potential measurement. In addition, reduction in light production expression of E. coli [pSB1075] by the LV showed the presence of potential quorum sensing (QS) inhibitors. These results indicated that the LV has the potential to reverse bacterial resistance to piperacillin in E. coli J53 R1. It may operate via two mechanisms: alteration of outer membrane permeability and inhibition of bacterial QS. These findings offer a novel approach to develop a new option of phytopharmaceuticals against multi-drug-resistant E. coli.
    Journal of Applied Microbiology 05/2014; 116(5):1119-1128. DOI:10.1111/jam.12444 · 2.39 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Essential oils are complex volatile compounds, naturally synthesized by various parts of the plant during the secondary metabolism of plants. A wide range plants having the medicinal properties have been explored and used for the extraction of essential oils worldwide due to their antimicrobial properties against the bacterial, fungal and viral pathogens. The presence of a large number of alkaloids, phenols, terpenes derivatives compounds and other antimicrobial compounds makes the essential oils more précised in their mode action against the ample variety of pathogenic microorganisms. Thus, the essential oils could be used as better supplements or alternatives against the pathogenic microorganisms. The aim of this review article is to focus on the antimicrobial activities of essential oils secreted by medicinal plants and the mechanisms involved in the inhibition of these pathogenic microorganisms