Imatinib pharmacokinetics and its correlation with response and safety in chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia: a subanalysis of the IRIS study

University of Chicago, MC-2115, 5841 S Maryland Ave, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.
Blood (Impact Factor: 9.78). 05/2008; 111(8):4022-8. DOI: 10.1182/blood-2007-10-116475
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Imatinib at 400 mg daily is standard treatment for chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase. We here describe the correlation of imatinib trough plasma concentrations (C(mins)) with clinical responses, event-free survival (EFS), and adverse events (AEs). Trough level plasma samples were obtained on day 29 (steady state, n = 351). Plasma concentrations of imatinib and its metabolite CGP74588 were determined by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. The overall mean (+/- SD, CV%) steady-state C(min) for imatinib and CGP74588 were 979 ng/mL (+/- 530 ng/mL, 54.1%) and 242 ng/mL (+/- 106 ng/mL, 43.6%), respectively. Cumulative estimated complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) and major molecular response (MMR) rates differed among the quartiles of imatinib trough levels (P = .01 for CCyR, P = .02 for MMR). C(min) of imatinib was significantly higher in patients who achieved CCyR (1009 +/- 544 ng/mL vs 812 +/- 409 ng/mL, P = .01). Patients with high imatinib exposure had better rates of CCyR and MMR and EFS. An exploratory analysis demonstrated that imatinib trough levels were predictive of higher CCyR independently of Sokal risk group. AE rates were similar among the imatinib quartile categories except fluid retention, rash, myalgia, and anemia, which were more common at higher imatinib concentrations. These results suggest that an adequate plasma concentration of imatinib is important for a good clinical response. This study is registered at as NCT00333840.

1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) inhibits Abl1, c-Kit, and related protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) and serves as a therapeutic for chronic myelogenous leukemia and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Imatinib also has efficacy against various pathogens, including pathogenic mycobacteria, where it decreases bacterial load in mice, albeit at doses below those used for treating cancer. We report that imatinib at such low doses unexpectedly induces differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells and progenitors in the bone marrow, augments myelopoiesis but not lymphopoiesis, and increases numbers of myeloid cells in blood and spleen. Whereas progenitor differentiation relies on partial inhibition of c-Kit by imatinib, lineage commitment depends upon inhibition of other PTKs. Thus, imatinib mimics "emergency hematopoiesis," a physiological innate immune response to infection. Increasing neutrophil numbers by adoptive transfer sufficed to reduce mycobacterial load, and imatinib reduced bacterial load of Franciscella spp., which do not utilize imatinib-sensitive PTKs for pathogenesis. Thus, potentiation of the immune response by imatinib at low doses may facilitate clearance of diverse microbial pathogens.
    PLoS Pathogens 03/2015; 11(3):e1004770. DOI:10.1371/journal.ppat.1004770 · 8.06 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Bcr-Abl protein is an important client protein of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90). We evaluated the inhibitory effects of the HSP90 ATPase inhibitor AUY922 on 32D mouse hematopoietic cells expressing wild-type Bcr-Abl (b3a2, 32Dp210) and mutant Bcr-Abl imatinib (IM)-resistant cell lines. Western blotting results of fractions from gel filtration column chromatography of 32Dp210 cells showed that HSP90 together with Bcr-Abl, Jak2 Stat3 and several other proteins co-eluted in peak column fractions of a high molecular weight network complex (HMWNC). Co-IP results showed that HSP90 directly bound to Bcr-Abl, Jak2, Stat 3 and Akt. The associations between HSP90 and Bcr-Abl or Bcr-Abl kinase domain mutants (T315I and E255K) were interrupted by AUY922 treatment. Tyrosine phosphorylation of Bcr-Abl showed a dose-dependent decrease in 32Dp210T315I following AUY922 treatment for 16h. AUY922 also markedly inhibited cell proliferation of both IM-sensitive 32Dp210 (IC50 =6 nM) and IM-resistant 32Dp210T315I cells (IC50 ≈6 nM) and human KBM-5R/KBM-7R cell lines (IC50 =50 nM). AUY922 caused significant G1 arrest in 32Dp210 cells but not in T315I or E255K cells. AUY922 efficiently induced apoptosis in 32Dp210 (IC50 =10 nM) and T315I or E255K lines with IC50 around 20 to 50 nM. Our results showed that Bcr-Abl and Jak2 form HMWNC with HSP90 in CML cells. Inhibition of HSP90 by AUY922 disrupted the structure of HMWNC, leading to Bcr-Abl degradation, nhibiting cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis. Thus, inhibition of HSP90 is a powerful way to inhibit not only IM-sensitive CML cells but also IM-resistant CML cells.
    Genes & cancer 01/2015; 6(1-2):19-29.
  • Source
    Pakistan journal of scientific and industrial research 01/2012;

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 21, 2014