Article

Nanotechnology and water treatment: applications and emerging opportunities.

Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, University of Pretoria, South Africa.
Critical Reviews in Microbiology (Impact Factor: 6.09). 02/2008; 34(1):43-69. DOI: 10.1080/10408410701710442
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Nanotechnology, the engineering and art of manipulating matter at the nanoscale (1-100 nm), offers the potential of novel nanomaterials for treatment of surface water, groundwater, and wastewater contaminated by toxic metal ions, organic and inorganic solutes, and microorganisms. Due to their unique activity toward recalcitrant contaminants and application flexibility, many nanomaterials are under active research and development. Accordingly, literature about current research on different nanomaterials (nanostructured catalytic membranes, nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, and bioactive nanoparticles) and their application in water treatment, purification and disinfection is reviewed in this article. Moreover, knowledge regarding toxicological effects of engineered nanomaterials on humans and the environment is presented.

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