Positron emission tomography and pathological evidence of response to neoadjuvant therapy in adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.

Department of Surgery, University of Queensland, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Diseases of the Esophagus (Impact Factor: 2.06). 02/2008; 21(2):151-8. DOI: 10.1111/j.1442-2050.2007.00732.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Our aim was to determine if fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) could be correlated with a pathological response in patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or chemoradiation therapy. Patients with resectable, histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the esophagus were entered in the study. Preoperative chemotherapy comprised two cycles of cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil. Radiation therapy commenced with the second cycle on day 22. FDG-PET images were obtained pre-treatment and on completion of intended neo-adjuvant treatment. Quantification was achieved by the calculation of both standardized uptake values (SUV) and tumor/liver ratios (TLR). Evidence of histopathological response was identified according to the Mandard tumor regression scoring system. There were 45 patients, 22 receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy and 23 chemoradiation therapy. Forty patients underwent surgical resection. Seven patients (16%) had a histopathological response. The mean percentage change in SUV in the histological responders group was -56.8% (SD 29) and in the non-responders -27.8% (SD 32.1) (P = 0.035). The mean percentage change in TLR was -49.1% (SD 44.8) in the responders and in the non-responders -27.3% (SD 31.3) (P = 0.128). There was no difference between the two methods of assessment, however there was less variation with SUV. There was no correlation between the FDG-PET response and the histopathological response. Presently an FDG-PET scan performed 3-6 weeks after neoadjuvant therapy for adenocarcinoma of the esophagus should not be used as a marker of the potential result of the treatment. The optimal timing of a second FDG-PET remains unclear.

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between hematologic test results and the predictive effect of regression of esophageal cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT), we analyzed pre-NACT hematologic data and their relationship to tumor regression. Thirty-eight consecutive patients with locally advanced squamous cell esophageal carcinoma who had undergone two cycles of paclitaxel/carboplatin NACT were enrolled. On the day prior to the first cycle of chemotherapy, hematologic tests, including routine blood test and biochemical examinations, were recorded. All patients were confirmed to have no history of hepatitis. Surgical resection was performed when clinical restaging showed effective regression. Histopathological examination was routinely performed to evaluate the postoperative effects of chemotherapy. After two cycles of NACT, tumor imaging evaluation showed that 27 of the 38 patients had CR and PR, including 25 patients who underwent radical esophagectomies. Six patients had stable disease and five patients had progressive disease. According to the hematologic test results before NACT, patients with higher white blood cell counts, lymphocyte percentages, mononuclear cell counts, neutrophilic granulocyte counts, and eosinophilic granulocyte counts and lower alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level had a significantly greater opportunity for an effective response. Basal host immunologic function and hepatic function are associated with tumor response to NACT in patients with esophageal cancer. These parameters may have a certain predictive efficacy on NACT for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
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