Surgical treatment of blood blister-like aneurysms of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery with extracranial-intracranial bypass and trapping.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
Neurosurgical FOCUS (Impact Factor: 2.14). 02/2008; 24(2):E13. DOI: 10.3171/FOC/2008/24/2/E13
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Blood blister-like aneurysms (BBAs) arise from the supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) at non-branching sites. These aneurysms are challenging to treat primarily with either surgical clip placement or endovascular therapy. The authors describe a series of 4 patients who presented with high-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to a BBA, which was treated with an extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass followed by trapping of the aneurysm.
Four patients presented with SAH due to a BBA of the ICA. Three of these patients were treated with an endovascular procedure; following the vasospasm period, definitive treatment with EC-IC bypass followed by trapping of the aneurysmal parent vessel was performed.
Two of the patients who were treated endovascularly suffered rebleeding prior to bypass and trapping. Three of the 4 patients had a good outcome (modified Rankin Scale Score 1 or 2), and 1 patient who suffered 2 episodes of rebleeding died.
Treatment of BBAs of the ICA remains difficult, particularly in the setting of high-grade SAH. Patients with this challenging condition often require multiple procedures and have a high incidence of rebleeding. Definitive treatment of these aneurysms consists of EC-IC bypass and surgical or endovascular trapping.

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    ABSTRACT: If a ruptured blood blister-like aneurysm (BBA) arises from the lateral or superolateral wall of the internal carotid artery (ICA) at the level of the anterior choroidal artery (AChA), its proximity to the origin of the AChA presents a serious surgical challenge to preserve the patency of the AChA. Two such rare cases are presented, along with successful surgical techniques, including the application of a C-shaped aneurysm clip parallel to the ICA and a microsuture technique to repair the arterial defect. The patency of the AChA and ICA was successfully preserved without recurrence or rebleeding of the BBA during a 1-year follow-up after the operation.
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    ABSTRACT: Owing to the focal wall defect covered with thin fibrous tissues, an aneurysm arising from the dorsal wall of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is difficult to manage either surgically or endovascularly and is often associated with high morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, the definitive treatment modality of such highly risky aneurysm has not yet been demonstrated. Upon encountering the complex intracranial pathophysiology of such a highly precarious aneurysm, a neurosurgeon would be faced with a challenge to decide on an optimal approach. This is a case of multiple paraclinoid aneurysms including the ICA dorsal wall aneurysm, presented with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. With respect to treatment, direct clipping with a Sundt graft clip was performed after multiple endovascular interventions had failed. This surgical approach can be a treatment modality for a blood blister-like aneurysm after failed endovascular intervention(s).
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To illustrate a unique instance of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VIII (EDS VIII) with blood blister-like aneurysm of the middle cerebral artery. Design This is a single patient case report. Setting University of Wisconsin-Madison Hospital. Participants A 42-year-old woman with diagnosis of EDS VIII presented with a sudden onset severe headache and altered mental status. She was diagnosed with Hunt and Hess grade IV subarachnoid hemorrhage. Angiography demonstrated a blood blister-like aneurysm of the left middle cerebral artery. After an unsuccessful coiling attempt in another facility, the patient was operated on with the intention to perform extracranial to intracranial bypass and trapping of the diseased segment of the artery. Results The patient's neurologic condition remained poor after surgery. On postoperative day 2, her neurologic examination unchanged, and care was withdrawn per the family's request. Conclusions Individuals with EDS VIII may be at risk for catastrophic vascular events.
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