Effect of L-5-Hydroxytryptophan on drinking behavior in Coturnix japonica (Temminck and Schlegel, 1849) (Galliformes: Aves): involvement of renin-angiotensin system.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to explore the role of L-5-hydroxytryptophan (L-HTP) and its relationship with the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) on the drinking behavior in Japanese quails. Normally-hydrated quails that received injections of L-HTP (12.5; 25 and 50 mg.kg-1) by the intracoelomic route (ic) expressed an increase in water intake, which was inhibited by captopril, an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. In addition, captopril also induced such a response in birds under previous fluid deprivation. High doses of captopril (35-70 mg.kg-1, sc) in normally-hydrated quails decreased the spontaneous water intake while low doses of captopril (2-5 mg.kg-1, sc) did not prompt water intake after L-HTP administration. Losartan, an AT1 receptor antagonist in mammals, did not change the water intake levels in normally-hydrated or water-deprivated birds. Serotonin (5-HT) injections did not provoke its known dipsogenic response.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Luis Carlos Reis, Jun 20, 2015
- European Neuropsychopharmacology 09/2011; 21. DOI:10.1016/S0924-977X(11)70621-6 · 5.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Central injections of serotonin (5-HT) in food-deprived/refed pigeons evoke a sequence of hypophagic, hyperdipsic and sleep-like responses that resemble the postprandial behavioral sequence. Fasting-refeeding procedures affect sleep and drinking behaviors "per se". Here, we describe the behavioral profile and long-term food/water intake following intracerebroventricular (ICV) injections of 5-HT (50, 150, 300 nmol/2 μl) in free-feeding/drinking pigeons. The patterns of Fos activity (Fos+) in serotonergic (immunoreactive to tryptophan hydroxylase, TPH+) neurons after these treatments were also examined. 5-HT ICV injections evoked vehement drinking within 15 min, followed by an intense sleep. These effects did not extend beyond the first hour after treatment. 5-HT failed to affect feeding behavior consistently. The density of double-stained (Fos+/TPH+) cells was examined in 6 brainstem areas of pigeons treated with 5-HT (5-HTW) or vehicle. Another group received 5-HT and remained without access to water during 2h after treatment (5-HTØ). In the pontine raphe, Fos+ density correlated positively to sleep, and increased in both the 5-HTW and 5-HTØ animals. In the n. linearis caudalis, Fos+ and Fos+/TPH+ labeling was negatively correlated to sleep and was reduced in 5-HTØ animals. In the A8 region, Fos+/TPH+ labeling was reduced in 5-HTW and 5-HTØ animals, was positively correlated to food intake and negatively correlated to sleep. These data indicate that hyperdipsic and hypnogenic effects of ICV 5-HT in pigeons may result from the inhibition of a tonic activity of serotonergic neurons, which is possibly relevant to the control of postprandial behaviors, and that these relationships are shared functional traits of the serotonergic circuits in amniotes.Behavioural brain research 02/2011; 220(1):173-84. DOI:10.1016/j.bbr.2011.02.002 · 3.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Water deprivation is a stress that has been associated with activation of several endocrine systems, including circumventricular organs of the central nervous system. The sub-comissural organ (SCO), characterized by its glycoprotein secretion called Reissner's fiber has been suggested to play a role in the regulation of body water balance. Meriones shawi, a semi-desertic rodent characterized by its resistance to long periods of thirst was subjected to water deprivation for 1 and 3 months. Effect of water deprivation was evaluated immunohistochemically on 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) system and glycoprotein secretion of the SCO. Our findings demonstrate significant reduction of anti-Reissner's fiber immunoreactive materials within basal and apical parts of the SCO ependymocytes. These changes seem to be the consequence of reduced control by 5-HT fibers reaching the SCO as a concomitant and significant reduction of anti-5-HT immunoreactive fibers are also observed following water deprivation. 5-HT immunoreactive reduction is seen in several regions in the brain including the neurons of origin within the dorsal raphe nucleus and the projecting supra and sub-ependymal fibers reaching the classical ependyma of the third ventricle. The extent of Reissner's fiber and 5-HT immunoreactive changes significantly correlates with the severity of water restriction. We suggest that water deprivation causes changes of the classical ependyma and the specialized ependyma that differentiates into the SCO as well as other cirumventricular organs such as the subfornical organ and the organum vasculosum laminae terminalis known to control drinking behaviors.Neuroscience Letters 09/2009; 466(1):6-10. DOI:10.1016/j.neulet.2009.08.058 · 2.06 Impact Factor