The Obsessive-Compulsive Symptom (OCS) scale of the Child Behavior Checklist: a comparison between Swedish children with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder from a specialized unit, regular outpatients and a school sample.

Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Norway Gullhaug Torg 4B, 0484 Oslo, Norway.
Journal of Anxiety Disorders (Impact Factor: 2.96). 02/2008; 22(7):1172-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2007.12.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the discriminative power of various items as reported by parents in the OCS-scale extracted from the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) problem scale and to compare findings with outcomes of previous validation studies. Children referred to a specialized child psychiatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) clinic (OCD group) (n=185) receiving a formal OCD diagnosis according to DSM IV criteria based on interviews with the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS) were compared to a sample recruited from regular child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient clinics (CPO group) (n=177). Both samples were compared to a normative school sample (SS group) and all three groups were matched for age and gender. Thirty seven CBCL items, mostly representing core internalizing symptoms and parts of the thought problem scale as well as physical and sleep problems, were first identified. Ten of these items (including all discriminative items in previous validation studies) could distinguish children with OCD from CPO patients. In a subsequent analysis, the results of a logistic regression showed that four CBCL items, "Obsessions," "Fearful and Anxious," "Compulsions," and "Worries" remained significant predictors. These four OCS items and previously used CBCL OCS-scales were further examined by means of ROC-analysis showing that the "Obsessions" and "Compulsions" CBCL items were the strongest predictors. These two CBCL items performed well as screens for OCS symptoms in children and adolescents and the addition of similar CBCL items did not further increase sensitivity or specificity. It is suggested that parental responses on these two items could preferably be used as screen for OCD in children and adolescents in regular child psychiatric clinics.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The assessment of varied psychiatric disorders, including obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), is shifting towards the use of evidence-based assessments (EBAs). This shift has fostered the development, validation and adaptation of several measures to rate obsessive–compulsive symptoms and other related problematic areas such as functional impairment or family attitudes among others. The aim of this paper is to present a systematic review of psychometric studies on pediatric OCD-specific measures to classify these according to assessment evidence-based criteria. Selection criteria that determined which studies were included in the review were: (1) analyzing an OCD measure and (2) including participants’ age being 18 years or younger. The literature search procedure was conducted in Medline, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, ERIC, Cochrane Library, and Scholar Google databases and enabled us to locate 42 studies which analyzed psychometric properties of 14 OCD measures studied in children and adolescents. Instruments were grouped into the following assessment areas: symptom presence and severity, functional impairment, family functioning and cognitive dimensions of OCD. Psychometric data regarding internal structure, internal consistency, reliability, validity and diagnostic precision were also reported. Further, measures were classified as well-established, approaching well-established and promising assessments in terms of reliability and validity. We concluded that the assessment of OCD in pediatric populations is a growing field that in a short-medium term could provide a wide variety of EBAs for the evaluation obsessive–compulsive symptoms and other OCD-related dimensions. The paper concludes by highlighting directions for future research.
    Journal of Child and Family Studies 11/2014; 23(8). DOI:10.1007/s10826-013-9801-7 · 1.42 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is growing evidence that many offspring of parents with bipolar disorder (BD) will develop moderate to severe forms of psychopathology during childhood and adolescence, including thought problems. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the developmental progression of thought problems within the context of a family risk study. Repeated assessments of thought problems, spanning approximately 15 years, were conducted in offspring (N = 192 from 98 families) of parents diagnosed with BD (O-BD), unipolar depression (O-UNI), or no significant psychiatric or medical problems (O-WELL). Survival analysis showed that the O-BD group had the greatest estimated probability of developing thought problems over time, followed by O-UNI, and then O-WELL and O-BD exhibiting higher levels of persistence than O-WELL. Parent-reported thought problems in childhood and adolescence predicted a range of problems in young adulthood. Disturbances in reality testing and other atypical behaviors are likely to disrupt progression through important developmental periods and to associate with poor outcomes. These findings are likely relevant to preventing the occurrence or progression of problems in offspring of bipolar parents. The study of thought problems across development represents an important area of continued research in children at risk for development of affective disorders.
    Development and Psychopathology 11/2013; 25(4pt1):1079-1091. DOI:10.1017/S0954579413000382 · 4.40 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been useful in allowing us to examine the nature and extent of neuronal disruption associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, little is known about the underlying brain structure in OCD. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 16 children with OCD and 22 typically developing children. Tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) was used to compare the microstructure of white-matter tracts of OCD children with those of typically developing children. Correlation/regression analyses were also performed on each diffusion measure in order to detect any correlation of white-matter microstructure with scales of symptom severity. Analysis revealed significantly greater axial diffusivity in both the genu and the splenium of the corpus callosum in the control compared to the OCD group; these regions consecutively connect bilateral medial frontal regions and bilateral parietal regions. Secondly, correlation and voxel-based regression analysis revealed that lower axial diffusion correlated with greater severity of symptoms within the OCD group, as measured by the Child Behaviour Checklist-Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CBCL-OCS). The findings demonstrated a correlation of axial diffusivity with severity of symptoms in children with OCD. DTI may provide novel ways to help reveal the relationships between clinical symptoms and altered brain regions.
    06/2013; 213(2). DOI:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2013.04.003

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 16, 2014