Deficient heat shock protein 70 response to stress in leukocytes at onset of type 1 diabetes.
ABSTRACT Type 1 diabetes is caused by the immune-mediated destruction of pancreatic beta cells. Animal models of the disease demonstrate an increased susceptibility of beta cells to immunological attacks due to their defective stress-responsiveness. To investigate the stress-responsiveness in human type 1 diabetes we analyzed the heat-inducibility of the dominant stress protein heat shock protein (Hsp)70 in diabetic patients at different disease stages. At diabetes-manifestation heat-induced Hsp70 levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) reached only about 25% of the levels expressed by heat-treated PBMC from non-diabetic subjects (p<0.05). Heat-responsiveness improved with disease duration and was re-established at more than eight months after disease-manifestation. Hyperthermia-induced Hsp70 expression was decreased by the T-helper 1-associated cytokine interferon-gamma and increased by the T-helper 2-associated transforming growth factor-beta. We conclude that impaired cellular stress-responsiveness, aggravated by the inflammatory milieu at the onset of type 1 diabetes, contributes to disease manifestation.
- SourceAvailable from: Nobuyuki Ono[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pathogens or pathogen-associated molecular patterns can signal to cells of the innate immune system and trigger effective adaptive immunity. However, relatively little is known about how the innate immune system detects tissue injury or necrosis. Evidence suggests that the release of heat-shock proteins (HSPs) may provide adjuvant-like signals, but the ability of HSPs to promote activation or tolerance in vivo has not been addressed. In this study we show that Hsp70 promotes dendritic cell (DC) function and, together with antigen, triggers autoimmune disease in vivo.Nature Medicine 01/2004; 9(12):1469-76. · 22.86 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Using a sensitive Northern blot hybridization technique, gene expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and glutathione peroxidase was studied in pancreatic islets and for comparison in various other mouse tissues (liver, kidney, brain, lung, skeletal muscle, heart muscle, adrenal gland, and pituitary gland). Gene expression of the antioxidant enzymes was usually in the range of +/- 50% of that in the liver. Only in pancreatic islets gene expression was substantially lower. The levels of the cytoplasmic Cu/Zn SOD and the mitochondrial Mn SOD gene expression were in the range of 30-40% of those in the liver. Glutathione peroxidase gene expression was 15%, and catalase gene expression was not at all detectable in pancreatic islets. These low levels of antioxidant enzyme gene expression may provide an explanation for the extraordinary sensitivity of pancreatic beta cells towards cytotoxic damage by diabetogenic compounds and during the development of human and animal diabetes.Free Radical Biology and Medicine 02/1996; 20(3):463-6. · 5.27 Impact Factor
- Endocrinology 01/1990; 127(5):2290-2297. · 4.72 Impact Factor