Detonation properties of 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethene (DADNE).

Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland. <>
Journal of Hazardous Materials (Impact Factor: 3.93). 10/2008; 157(2-3):605-12. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.01.026
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT 1,1-Diamino-2,2-dinitroethene (DADNE, FOX-7) is an explosive of current interest. In our work, an advanced study of detonation characteristics of this explosive was performed. DADNE was prepared and recrystallized on a laboratory scale. Some sensitivity and detonation properties of DADNE were determined. The detonation performance was established by measurements of the detonation wave velocity, detonation pressure and calorimetric heat of explosion as well as the accelerating ability. The JWL (Jones-Wilkins-Lee) isentrope and the constant-gamma isentrope for the detonation products of DADNE were also found.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Phlegmatized FOX-7 (1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene, DADNE) and mixtures with cyclotetramethylene tetranitramine (HMX) were prepared and their detonation properties (the detonation velocity, detonation pressure, acceleration ability, and detonation energy) were investigated. The sensitivity of these compositions to mechanical stimuli (friction, impact, and shock wave) were determined, and the thermal stability and compatibility of the components were tested. This work furthers the investigation into new compositions for low vulnerability ammunition.
    Journal of Energetic Materials 01/2013; 31(1):72-85. · 1.34 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A series of dense and energetic polynitroaryl-1,2,4-triazoles were synthesized through the nitration of aryl-1,2,4-triazoles. The Cu-catalyzed/base-mediated coupling reactions of haloarenes with 1,2,4-triazoles delivered N-aryl-1,2,4-triazoles. These new nitro-rich-aryltriazoles were characterized by analytical and spectroscopic methods. The solid-state structures of most of these compounds were established by X-ray diffraction analysis. Their thermal properties were determined by differential scanning calorimetry-thermogravimetric analysis. Their heats of formation (HOFs) and crystal densities were also calculated. The densities of the synthesized compounds ranged from 1.40 to 1.85 g cm(-3) . Some of these newly synthesized compounds exhibited high positive HOFs, good thermal stabilities, high densities, and reasonable detonation velocities and pressures.
    Chemistry - An Asian Journal 10/2013; · 4.57 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The new energetic materials 2-amino-5-nitrotetrazole (ANT, 1), 1-amino-3,4-dinitro-1,2,4-triazole (ADNT, 2), and both 1,1'-diamino-5,5'-bistetrazole and 1,2'-diamino-5,5'-bistetrazole (11DABT, 3 and 12DABT, 4) have been prepared by the amination of the parent anion with O-tosylhydroxylamine. The 5-H-tetrazolate anion has also been aminated using hydroxylamine O-sulfonic acid to both 1-aminotetrazole and 2-aminotetrazole (1AT, 5 and 2AT, 6). The prepared materials have been characterized chemically (XRD (1-4, 6·AtNO(2), 8), multinuclear NMR, IR, Raman) and as explosives (mechanical and electrostatic sensitivity) and their explosive performances calculated using the EXPLO5 computer code. The prepared N-amino energetic materials, which can also be used as new ligands for high energy-capacity transition metal complexes, exhibit high explosive performances (in the range of hexogen and octogen) and a range of sensitivities from low to extremely high.
    Dalton Transactions 06/2012; 41(31):9451-9. · 3.81 Impact Factor


1 Download
Available from