We obtained 22 sessile serrated adenomas (SSAs) and 19 hyperplastic polyps (HPs) and performed immunolabeling for cytokeratins (CKs) 7 and 20, CDX2, beta-catenin, and p53 to determine the role of these markers in aiding distinction of lesions with neoplastic potential. Patients with SSAs more frequently had a prior or coexistent tubular adenoma (P = .004) that was right-sided (P = .00001) and larger (P = .03). No difference in CK7, CK20, or p53 labeling was found after correction for colonic location. However, CDX2 labeling was significantly lower in SSAs (P = .02) and was predominantly confined to the crypt bases, whereas it was diffusely positive in HPs (P < .001). Surprisingly, aberrant nuclear labeling for beta-catenin was found in 9 (41%) of the SSAs but in none of the HPs (P < .002). We propose that beta-catenin and/or CDX2 immunolabeling may have diagnostic usefulness in the evaluation of serrated polyps. These findings also suggest that Wnt signaling has a role in SSA development.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the molecular profile of a series of sessile serrated adenomas (SSAs) and hyperplastic polyps (HPs), in order to distinguish these lesions, SSAs having a potential role in the genesis of serrated adenocarcinomas through a serrated pathway in which methylation plays a key role.
Twelve HPs and sixteen SSAs of the right and left colon were investigated for microsatellite instability, DNA mismatch repair genes, p53, p16, and beta-catenin expression, MLH1 and p16 (CDKN2A) gene methylation, and KRAS and BRAF mutations. Both SSAs and HPs were microsatellite stable. MLH1 and MSH2 protein silencing, aberrant cytoplasmic expression and methylation of p16 were found to be exclusive to right-sided SSAs. The MLH1 promoter gene was frequently methylated in right-sided SSAs in contrast with HPs. Abnormal p53 and beta-catenin expression was present in both SSAs and HPs. BRAF and KRAS mutation were mutually exclusive, but KRAS mutation was present only in left-sided SSAs and HPs.
HPs and SSAs may be related lesions. However, at least right-sided SSAs differ from left-sided SSAs and HPs in the occurrence of MLH1 and p16 methylation, supporting the hypothesis that SSAs could be precursors of serrated adenocarcinomas.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Serrated polyps of the colorectal mucosa represent a heterogeneous and controversial taxonomic category with variation in histopathological, molecular, and immunohistochemical characteristics and with an incomplete understanding of pathogenesis. A previous study reported that the expression of gastric pyloric-type mucin, MUC6, characterized sessile serrated adenomas. We therefore evaluated the expression of MUC6 in serrated polyps identified among 2502 participants in a Phase III chemoprevention trial within the Arizona Cancer Center Colorectal Cancer Prevention Trials Program and characterized the associated histopathological features and location. We carried out immunohistochemistry for MUC6 on 146 serrated lesions and 87 conventional tubular adenomas, and assessed the percentage of cells with expression and the grade of staining intensity. In all 92 hyperplastic polyps, 43 sessile serrated adenomas, and 11 traditional serrated adenomas were included. Polyps ranged in size from 1-150 mm. The association of MUC6 staining with serrated polyp category was evaluated using classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and two-sided Fisher's exact test. A total of 53% of sessile serrated adenomas (n=23), 17% of hyperplastic polyps (n=16), and 18% of traditional serrated adenomas (n=2), but none of 87 tubular adenomas, expressed MUC6. Expression was limited to the lower crypts in all serrated polyps. The extent of positive staining ranged from 2-100% of crypt cells and was independent of the histopathological type. MUC6 expression had relatively high specificity for sessile serrated adenoma (82%) but low sensitivity (54%). In CART analysis, proximal location was found to be the best partitioning factor for MUC6, followed by classification as sessile serrated adenoma. We conclude that MUC6 expression is strongly associated with proximal location of serrated polyps, but only has modest utility as a tissue biomarker for sessile serrated adenoma.
Modern Pathology 10/2009; 23(2):169-76. DOI:10.1038/modpathol.2009.155 · 6.19 Impact Factor
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