Algorithm for immediate cytologic diagnosis of hepatic tumors.
ABSTRACT Immediate cytologic assessment of hepatic lesions can help determine the adequacy of specimens and may yield a preliminary diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of on-site cytologic assessment compared with definitive cytologic examination in the detection and correct subtyping of malignant hepatic lesions.
The study population included 472 consecutively registered patients with hepatic nodules who underwent sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration and core biopsies. During on-site cytologic analysis, the pathologist made a preliminary diagnosis of malignancy or negative for malignancy for each nodule. When a malignant lesion was diagnosed, immediate subtyping was attempted.
With immediate cytologic analysis, 280 (80.9%) of 346 malignant nodules were correctly identified without false-positive cases. With immediate subtyping, 113 (68.1%) of 166 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma, 28 (77.8%) of 36 cases of cholangiocarcinoma, and 113 (85.0%) of 133 cases of metastasis were detected.
High diagnostic accuracy for malignancy can be achieved with on-site cytologic evaluation of hepatic tumors. Specific diagnoses of hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, and metastasis also can be made on-site in most cases. The absence of false-positive diagnosis of malignancy at on-site cytologic examination may make additional biopsy unnecessary. We propose an algorithm for the cytohistopathologic management of hepatic tumors.
Article: Fine needle aspiration biopsy of malignant mass lesions in the liver: a revisit of diagnostic profiles and challenges.Journal of gastrointestinal oncology 03/2013; 4(1):5-7.
Article: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of hepatocellular carcinoma and related hepatocellular nodular lesions in cirrhosis: controversies, challenges, and expectations.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The role of hepatic fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy has evolved. Advances in imaging modalities have obviated the need for tissue confirmation in most hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). There is risk of needle-tract seeding. Increasingly, small nodules are being detected on ultrasound surveillance of high-risk patients. Diagnostic challenges associated with cirrhosis include distinction of benign hepatocellular nodules, namely, large regenerative nodules and dysplastic nodules, from reactive hepatocytes; and distinction of well-differentiated HCCs from benign hepatocellular nodules. This paper will discuss (i) controversies regarding preoperative/pretransplantation FNA diagnosis of HCC, (ii) update of biological evolution, nomenclature, and histopathologic criteria for diagnosis of precancerous nodules and small HCCs, and (iii) algorithmic approach to FNA diagnosis of hepatocellular nodules. Optimal results depend on dedicated radiologist-cytopathologist team, on-site cytology service; combined cytohistologic approach, immunohistochemistry, and clinicopathologic correlation. Hepatic FNA is likely to be incorporated as a point of care as we move towards personalized medicine.Pathology research international. 01/2011; 2011:587936.
Article: Is There a Role for On-Site Evaluation of Thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration to Reduce the Nondiagnostic Rate?[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The use of immediate on-site evaluation of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) specimens can determine the adequacy of specimens and provides a specific preliminary diagnosis. In this prospective study, we evaluated the impact of on-site assessment of thyroid FNAB performed under ultrasound guidance. Totally, 204 (170 female, 34 male) patients (102 on site, 102 control group) were included. The patients were randomized on site and regular cytologic examination groups. Quick May-Grünwald Giemsa stain was used for on-site examination and FNA was continued until adequate aspirate for optimal cytological examination. Two (2.0 %) of the 102 patients evaluated with on-site examination had a nondiagnostic result. However, 16 (15.7 %) of the 102 patients examined by regular cytologic examination method, had nondiagnostic result. The difference between these two groups was statistically significant (p < 0.0001). The major cause of a nondiagnostic thyroid FNAB specimen is the failure to aspirate a sufficient number of cells necessary for diagnosis cystic lesions. Immediate on-site evaluation can significantly decrease the nondiagnostic rate of thyroid FNAB specimens.Endocrine Pathology 03/2013; · 1.36 Impact Factor