Article

Gemcitabine and vinorelbine in pemetrexed-pretreated patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma.

Department of Medical Oncology and Hematology, Humanitas Clinical Institute of Rozzano, Milan, Italy.
Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.2). 05/2008; 112(7):1555-61. DOI: 10.1002/cncr.23337
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Pemetrexed-cisplatin chemotherapy is the standard of care in the first-line treatment of unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Second-line cytotoxic therapy is considered for a growing group of patients, but the optimal treatment has not been defined to date. Gemcitabine and vinorelbine have shown activity in the first-line setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the activity and toxicity of the gemcitabine-vinorelbine combination in pemetrexed-pretreated patients with MPM.
From January 2004 to September 2006, 30 consecutive patients who were pretreated with pemetrexed with or without a platinum-derivative were enrolled. Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m(2) and vinorelbine 25 mg/m(2) were administered intravenously on Days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks. Treatment was repeated for a maximum of 6 cycles or until progression or unacceptable toxicity.
A partial response was observed in 3 patients (10%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.1-26.5%), and 10 patients (33.3%; 95% CI, 17.3-52.8%) had stable disease after treatment. Overall, 13 patients (43.3%; 95% CI, 25.5-62.6%) achieved disease control. The median time to progression was 2.8 months (range, 0.6-12.1 months), and the median survival was 10.9 months (range, 0.8-25.3 months). Hematologic toxicity was acceptable, with grade 3 or 4 neutropenia occurring in 11% of patients and thrombocytopenia occurring in 4% of patients; no case of febrile neutropenia was observed. Nonhematologic toxicity generally was mild.
The gemcitabine and vinorelbine combination was moderately active and had an acceptable toxicity profile in pemetrexed-pretreated patients with MPM. The role of second-line treatment in MPM needs to be evaluated in prospective trials in large series of patients who are stratified according to previous treatment and prognostic factors.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
72 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BNC105P is a tubulin polymerisation inhibitor that selectively disrupts tumour vasculature and suppresses cancer cell proliferation. This agent has exhibited preclinical and phase I activity in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM). This phase II, single arm trial investigated the efficacy and safety of BNC105P as second line therapy in MPM. Participants had progressive MPM after first line pemetrexed/platinum chemotherapy, ECOG PS 0-1, adequate organ function, and measurable disease. BNC105P 16mg/m(2) was administered intravenously on day 1 and 8 every 21 days until progression or undue toxicity. The primary endpoint was centrally reviewed objective response rate (RR). Tumour response was assessed every two cycles using modified RECIST. 30 patients were enrolled in 10 months, predominantly male (90%), ECOG PS 1 (77%), epithelioid histology (67%), and non-metastatic disease (67%). All patients received at least one dose of study drug, with a median of 2 cycles. No significant haematologic, biochemical, or cardiac adverse events (AEs) were observed. Grade 3 or 4 AEs occurred in 10 patients (33%). There were 2 deaths on study: 1 cardiorespiratory, the other to pneumonia. We observed 1 partial response (3%); 13 patients had stable disease (43%). Median progression free survival was 1.5 months (95% CI 1.4-2.4); median overall survival was 8.2 months (95% CI 3.8-11.9). BNC105P was safe and tolerable. The sole response was insufficient to warrant further research as a single agent.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 06/2013; · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives Pemetrexed-cisplatin is the only FDA-approved regimen for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), and the impact on survival is modest. No drugs have been shown to improve survival as second-line therapy, yet vinorelbine and gemcitabine are prescribed based on the results of small phase II trials. To augment the existing limited data, we examined our institutional experience with vinorelbine and gemcitabine in patients with previously treated MPM. Materials and Methods We reviewed charts of patients with MPM treated with vinorelbine and/or gemcitabine as second- or third-line therapy between 2003 and 2010. Toxicity was graded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0. CT scans were reviewed with a reference radiologist according to modified RECIST criteria. Results Sixty patients were identified: 33 treated with vinorelbine, 15 gemcitabine, and 12 both agents. Eight-three percent initially received pemetrexed-platinum. Toxicity was substantial: 46% experienced at least one episode of grade 3-4 toxicity. Of 56 patients evaluable radiologically, there was 1 partial response (gemcitabine) giving a response rate of 2% (95% CI 0-10%). Forty-six percent had stable disease. Median progression free survival was 1.7 months for vinorelbine and 1.6 months for gemcitabine. Median overall survival was 5.4 and 4.9 months, respectively. Conclusions Response to second- or third-line vinorelbine or gemcitabine is rare. The high rate of stable disease warrants the continued use of these agents in this setting, though the impact on survival is questionable. These data justify the choice of placebo control arms in randomized trials of novel agents in previously treated patients.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 01/2014; · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive neoplasm that responds poorly to chemotherapy. Although treatment with pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin serves as first-line chemotherapy for MPM, the optimal second-line and beyond therapy has not yet been fully examined. Between March 2008 and October 2011, 17 consecutive Japanese patients pretreated with at least one regimen of platinum plus pemetrexed chemotherapy received gemcitabine and vinorelbine. Responses, survival time, and toxicity were retrospectively evaluated. Response [partial response (PR) + complete response (CR)] and disease control [stable disease (SD) + PR + CR] rates were 18 and 82 %, respectively. The median progression-free survival (PFS) after combination chemotherapy was 6.0 months, whereas the median overall survival (OS) was 11.2 months. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia and anemia were observed in 41 and 29 % of patients, respectively, and one patient experienced febrile neutropenia. Grade 3 or 4 nonhematologic toxicities included constipation (6 %) and phlebitis (6 %). Combination chemotherapy using gemcitabine with vinorelbine was shown to have moderate activity in Japanese MPM patients pretreated with platinum plus pemetrexed chemotherapy. A further multicenter phase II trial is warranted to confirm the efficacy and safety of this combination treatment.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2013; · 1.41 Impact Factor