Rhabdoid tumors in children: prognostic factors in 70 patients diagnosed in Germany.
ABSTRACT We retrospectively analysed the data of 70 patients (41 boys and 29 girls) with Rhabdoid tumors (RT) regardless of localisation, recorded in the German Childhood Cancer Registry (GCCR) from 1984 to 1999. The primary tumor was located in the kidney in 32 cases, in the central nervous system (CNS) in 13 cases and in the soft tissue in 25 cases. Variables examined were tumor stage, sex, age at diagnosis, surgical radicality, radiotherapy and chemotherapeutic regimens. Metastatic disease at diagnosis was observed in 18 of the 70 individuals. Outcome of this group was very poor with a 5-year overall survival of 11%. There were no differences in survival between males and females, or younger and older children. Chemotherapeutic regimens were mainly given according to the primary site of the tumor. Radiotherapy was given in 28 of the 70 patients with a mean dose of 35 Gray, though this did not improve the outcome. Overall survival of the whole cohort was 27% at 5 years and there was no significant difference in prognosis regarding the different locations of the tumor (kidney 24%, soft tissue 30%, CNS 29%). In conclusion, RT in infants and children has a dismal prognosis, independent from localisation. The presence of metastasis at diagnosis seems to be the only prognostic factor of outcome.
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ABSTRACT: Purpose. Malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) is an uncommon tumor that rarely occurs outside of renal and central nervous system (CNS) sites. Data from the literature were compiled to determine prognostic factors, including both demographic and treatment variables of malignant rhabdoid tumor, focusing on those tumors arising in extra-renal, extra-CNS (ER/EC MRT) sites. Patients and Methods. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed by extracting demographic, treatment, and survival follow up on 167 cases of primary ER/EC MRT identified in the literature. Results. No survival differences were observed between those treated with or without radiation, or with or without chemotherapy. A Cox regression of overall survival revealed several independent prognostic factors. Surgical excision had a 74% (P = 0.0003) improvement in survival. Actinomycin had a 73% (P = 0.093) improvement in survival. Older age was associated with improved survival. The four-year survival, by Kaplan-Meier estimates, comparing patients less than two years old versus older than two at diagnosis was 11% versus 35%, respectively (P = 0.0001, Log-Rank). Conclusion. ER/EC MRT is a rare, soft-tissue tumor with a poor prognosis most commonly occurring in children. Surgical resection, treatment with actinomycin, and older age at diagnosis are all associated with improved survival.Sarcoma 02/2013; 2013:315170. DOI:10.1155/2013/315170
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ABSTRACT: Malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) of the liver is a rare, highly aggressive tumor of early childhood. We report a 6-month-old boy diagnosed with MRT of the liver presented with spontaneous tumor rupture. The patient underwent intensified chemotherapy and radical surgical procedure. Twenty four months from the time of the diagnosis he is alive without evidence of disease. This is the second report of prolonged survival after initial rupture of hepatic MRT.Cancer Genetics 04/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.cancergen.2014.04.006 · 2.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Extracranial malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) is a rare pediatric cancer with a poor prognosis. The kidney is the most common site. Isolated reports have shown improvements in patient survival, but no specific treatment regimen has shown efficacy over others.ProcedureRetrospective review of patients diagnosed with extracranial MRT at Children's Hospital Los Angeles between 1983 and 2012.ResultsThe median age at presentation for the 21 patients was 13 months (range, 0–108 months). Ten patients had renal primary tumors. The median time to progression was 4 months (range, 0.4–7 months). The 5-year event free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) of the entire cohort was 38 ± 10.6%. After 2002, patients diagnosed with extracranial MRT were administered a chemotherapy regimen of vincristine, doxorubicin and high dose cyclophosphamide (VDC). The OS for the patients diagnosed before and after 2002 were 20 ± 12% and 54 ± 15%, respectively. Of the 13 patients who received VDC containing regimen, eight patients achieved a complete radiological remission; five of these patients are long-term survivors. Four patients who received autologous bone marrow transplantation were alive at last follow-up. All patients with unresectable primary tumors died. Patients who had disease progression or relapse did not survive.Conclusions Patients with extracranial MRT have a poor prognosis. Treatment with high dose alkylator therapy followed by consolidation with high dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplant for those patients in radiographic complete remission appears to have a beneficial effect on survival. Pediatr Blood Cancer © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Pediatric Blood & Cancer 08/2014; 61(8). DOI:10.1002/pbc.25093 · 2.56 Impact Factor