Physical activity and likelihood of depression in adults: A review

Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC, Melbourne, Australia.
Preventive Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.09). 06/2008; 46(5):397-411. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.01.009
Source: PubMed


This review examines original research which has investigated associations between physical activity (PA) dose (i.e. frequency, intensity and duration) and domain and depression or symptoms of depression in adults.
A search of electronic databases and authors' own bibliographic libraries was performed between 2006 and 2007 for original research articles investigating associations between PA and depression in adults. A total of 27 observational and 40 intervention studies were included.
Of the studies that focused on the association between duration of PA and likelihood of depression, all five observational studies, and five of the seven intervention studies found both shorter and longer durations of PA were associated with reduced likelihood of depression. Of the studies that focused on the association between intensity of PA and likelihood of depression, four of the six observational studies found that vigorous-intensity PA was more strongly associated with decreased likelihood of depression than lower intensities. Most intervention studies showed that both intensities were effective in reducing the likelihood of depression. Two observational studies found a stronger inverse relationship of leisure-time PA with depression than PA in other domains. There is insufficient evidence regarding the importance of the PA setting on depression.
Although the dose and domain of physical activity varied across studies reviewed, evidence suggests that even low doses of PA may be protective against depression. Further studies examining the optimal domain of PA for reducing the likelihood of depression are needed.

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    • "In addition to the aforementioned strategies, there is substantial evidence that physical activity is beneficial in reducing the likelihood of depression (Teychenne, Ball, & Salmon, 2008). In a review by Teychenne et al. (2008), different doses and domains of physical activity were shown to have beneficial effects on depression, with some studies suggesting that even low doses of physical activity may be protective. Similarly, an active lifestyle has also been associated with greater cognitive performance in different age groups, especially in older adults (Hughes & Ganguli, 2009). "
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To examine the association of physical activity with depression and cognition deficit, separately and combined, in Brazilian older adults. Methods: We analyzed data from 622 older adults. Physical Activity was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale while cognitive deficit was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination. Multinomial logistic regressions were used to assess associations of depression and cognitive deficit with socio-demographic, health and behavioral variables. Results: Prevalence of physical inactivity (<150 min. of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity/week), depression and cognitive deficit were 35.7%, 37.4% and 16.7%. Physical inactivity was associated with depression (OR: 1.83, 95%CI: 1.14-2.94) and with depression and cognitive deficit combined (OR: 4.23, 95%CI: 2.01-8.91). Physically inactive participants were also more likely to present limitations in orientation and language functions. Conclusion: Physical inactivity was associated with depression and also with depression and cognitive deficit combined in older adults.
    Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 10/2015; DOI:10.1123/japa.2014-0253 · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    • "ctive effect to participants growing up in rural areas . Significant inverse associations between higher total fat and lower legume intakes and incidence of coronary heart disease were seen in urban , but not rural men in the Puerto Rico Heart Study ( Garcia - Palmieri et al . , 1980 ) . Physical activity is also associ - ated with mental health ( Teychenne et al . , 2008 ) , and this was higher in rural than urban Puerto Rican urban men ( García - Palmieri et al . , 1978 ) . This childhood exposure may have provided long - lasting health benefits to participants in our study , as well . Post - hoc analyses of eating habits and physical activity at baseline by pre - migration urbanicity showed that parti"
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    ABSTRACT: Pre-migration and post-migration factors may influence the health of immigrants. Using a cross-national framework that considers the effects of the sending and receiving social contexts, we examined the extent to which pre-migration and post-migration factors, including individual and neighborhood level factors, influence depressive symptoms at a 2-year follow-up time point. Data come from the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study, a population-based prospective cohort of Puerto Ricans between the ages of 45 and 75 y. The association of neighborhood ethnic density with depressive symptomatology at follow-up was significantly modified by sex and level of language acculturation. Men, but not women, experienced protective effects of ethnic density. The interaction of neighborhood ethnic density with language acculturation had a non-linear effect on depressive symptomatology, with lowest depressive symptomatology in the second highest quartile of language acculturation, relative to the lowest and top two quartiles among residents of high ethnic density neighborhoods. Results from this study highlight the complexity, and interplay, of a number of factors that influence the health of immigrants, and emphasize the significance of moving beyond cultural variables to better understand why the health of some immigrant groups deteriorates at faster rates overtime. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Social Science & Medicine 05/2015; 138. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.05.040 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    • "There is compelling evidence on the benefits of physical activity, including a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and some cancers (Jeon et al., 2007; Monninkhof et al., 2007; Sattelmair et al., 2011; Teychenne et al., 2008). Physical inactivity is responsible for 9% of global premature mortality (Lee et al., 2012) and is estimated to be the sixth and eighth major risk factor contributing to the burden of disease in Central and Andean Latin America, respectively (Lim et al., 2012). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study summarizes the evidence from quantitative systematic reviews that assessed the association between urban environment attributes and physical activity. It also documents sociopolitical barriers and facilitators involved in urban interventions linked with active living in the ten most populated urban settings of Latin America. The synthesis of evidence indicates that several attributes of urban environments are associated with physical activity, including land-use mix and cycling infrastructure. The documentary analysis indicated that despite the benefits and opportunities provided by the programs and existing infrastructure in the examined cities, an overall concern is the rising inequality in the coverage and distribution of the initiatives in the region. If these programs and initiatives are to achieve a real population level effect that helps to reduce health disparities, they need to examine their social and spatial distribution within the cities so they can reach underserved populations and develop to their full potential.
    Social Science & Medicine (1967) 04/2015; 131(April):18-30. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.042
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