Magnetic resonance imaging as a tool to predict reparability of longitudinal full-thickness meniscus lesions
ABSTRACT Prediction of meniscus reparability is useful for surgeons to optimise surgical scheduling and to inform patients about postoperative management. This study was designed to determine the accuracy of MRI in predicting the reparability of longitudinal full-thickness meniscus lesions. We studied 100 MRIs of longitudinal full-thickness medial or lateral meniscus lesions located from the meniscosynovial junction to the axial part of the meniscus. The MRI criteria of reparability were a peripheral rim smaller than 4 mm and a lesion longer than 10 mm. At arthroscopy the menisci were considered as reparable when the lesion was located in red-red or red-white zones and when it was more than 1 cm in length. A heterogeneous or homogeneous aspect of the meniscus body was also considered. The length of the meniscus lesion averaged 17.6 mm and the thickness of the rim 3.4 mm. A heterogeneous signal of the axial fragment and of the rim was found in 11 cases and in 48 cases, respectively. In 90 cases, there was no difference between the MRI-predicted reparability and the arthroscopic findings. Global sensitivity of MRI to determine reparability of full-thickness meniscus lesions was 94%, increasing to 96% for the medial meniscus and dropping to 83% for the lateral meniscus. Global specificity was 81%, and was higher for the lateral meniscus (90%) than for the medial one (82%). Global positive predictive value was 0.94 and global negative predictive value was 0.82. A heterogeneous aspect of the rim did not compromise arthroscopic reparability whereas a heterogeneous aspect of the axial fragment indicated an irreparable meniscus. The described MRI criteria can predict meniscus reparability. Their accuracy is limited for lateral meniscus lesions close to the popliteal hiatus and for very young active patients in whom repair of white-white lesions can be attempted. Longitudinal full-thickness meniscus lesions are a good indication for repair in young active patients.
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ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Meniscal allograft transplantation seems to be a valid therapeutic option to restore the knee function and limit the development of osteoarthritis after menisectomy. No surgical technique has been shown to provide better results than others. The main objective of this study was to assess graft healing after arthroscopic meniscal allograft transplantation without bone plugs. METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients who underwent arthroscopic meniscal allograft transplantation during 2005-2010. The meniscal horns were fixed through two tibia tunnels without bone plugs. The primary endpoint was graft healing according to Henning's criteria on MR arthrography (MRA) at 6-month follow-up. The secondary endpoints were the KOOS questionnaire, the IKDC score, measurement of the joint space and meniscal extrusion on both MRA at 6-month and MRI at last follow-up. The series included 22 patients, mean age 37 ± 7.5 years. The allograft was lateral in 20 cases and medial in 2 cases. The mean follow-up was 4.4 ± 1.6 years with one lost to follow-up. RESULTS: MR arthrography was performed in 14/21 patients at 6-months of follow-up: 8/14 (57.1 %) had total graft healing, 2/14 (14.3 %) partial healing and 4/14 (28.6 %) no healing. At final follow-up, all functional scores had significantly improved. The average pre- and post-operative joint space thickness was similar. MRI showed meniscal extrusion in 75 % of patients. CONCLUSION: The meniscal allograft transplantation without bone plugs effectively treats painful and functional sequellae of meniscectomies. The graft healed in most patients at 6-month follow-up. The long-term clinical relevance of meniscal extrusion has to be evaluated. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Retrospective study, Level IV.Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 03/2013; 23(1). DOI:10.1007/s00167-013-2476-1 · 2.84 Impact Factor
Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique 12/2009; 95(8). DOI:10.1016/j.rcot.2009.09.008
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ABSTRACT: The menisci are critical for normal function of the knee, providing shock absorption and load transmission that reduce stress on the articular cartilage. When torn, a meniscus may require surgery to restore function, reduce pain, and eliminate mechanical symptoms. Patterns of meniscal tears include longitudinal and bucket-handle, which are often reparable; and horizontal, radial, vertical flap, horizontal flap, and complex. Root tears are usually radial and occur in the posterior roots. When reviewing magnetic resonance images, one must be aware of normal variants and imaging pitfalls that may simulate pathology.Clinics in sports medicine 07/2013; 32(3):449-75. DOI:10.1016/j.csm.2013.03.005 · 2.58 Impact Factor