Intersection of Child Abuse and Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence

School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105-6299, USA.
Trauma Violence & Abuse (Impact Factor: 3.27). 05/2008; 9(2):84-99. DOI: 10.1177/1524838008314797
Source: PubMed


This review addresses research on the overlap in physical child abuse and domestic violence, the prediction of child outcomes, and resilience in children exposed to family violence. The authors explore current findings on the intersection of physical child abuse and domestic violence within the context of other risk factors, including community violence and related family and environmental stressors. Evidence from the studies reviewed suggests considerable overlap, compounding effects, and possible gender differences in outcomes of violence exposure. The data indicate a need to apply a broad conceptualization of risk to the study of family violence and its effects on children. Further testing of competing theoretical models will advance understanding of the pathways through which exposure leads to later problems in youth, as well as protective factors and processes through which resilience unfolds.

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Available from: Todd I Herrenkohl, Oct 13, 2015
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    • "In fact, a strong relationship with a caring parent, usually the mother, has been identified as a protective factor in a number of studies (Herrenkohl et al., 2008; Holt, et al., 2008; Schultz, et al., 2013; Skopp, McDonald, Jouriles, & Rosenfield, 2007). Levendosky and Graham-Bermann (1998) studied the effects of parental stress on children in a sample of 60 abused and sheltered compared to 61 women in the community (one third of which unexpectedly reported IPV). "
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    DESCRIPTION: Reviews research on children exposed to intimate partner violence and group treatment for children and youth. Examines published research on such groups reviewing possible methods and measures to use to evaluate group programs for children exposed.
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    • "The experience of one risk can contribute to other risks, which also makes it more challenging for protective resources to mitigate the combination of risks and for a person to Downloaded by [Heather Larkin] at 10:39 10 November 2013 recover from the combined risks. A large body of social science research demonstrates the way in which risks are cumulative and co-occur (Herrenkohl et al., 2008; C. Smith & Carlson, 1997). For example, child abuse is associated with youth runaway behavior, which is in turn correlated with later victimization as well as delinquency (Kim Jung et al., 2009). "
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    ABSTRACT: Medical research on "adverse childhood experiences" (ACEs) reveals a compelling relationship between the extent of childhood adversity, adult health risk behaviors, and principal causes of death in the United States. This article provides a selective review of the ACE Study and related social science research to describe how effective social work practice that prevents ACEs and mobilizes resilience and recovery from childhood adversity could support the achievement of national health policy goals. This article applies a biopsychosocial perspective, with an emphasis on mind-body coping processes to demonstrate that social work responses to adverse childhood experiences may contribute to improvement in overall health. Consistent with this framework, the article sets forth prevention and intervention response strategies with individuals, families, communities, and the larger society. Economic research on human capital development is reviewed that suggests significant cost savings may result from effective implementation of these strategies.
    Social Work in Public Health 01/2014; 29(1):1-16. DOI:10.1080/19371918.2011.619433 · 0.31 Impact Factor
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    • "The effect of IPV on women is no less devastating to a woman's psychological health than abuse that occurs during childhood (Levendosky and Graham-Bermann 2001). Similar to child abuse, IPV assaults the victim's psyche and is associated with, among others, increased depression (Campbell 2002; Nixon et al. 2004), anxiety (Pico-Alfonso et al. 2006), and substance abuse (Herrenkohl et al. 2008). These psychological manifestations have also been identified as child maltreatment predictors. "
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the mediating effect of family structure in the relationship between paternal Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and maternal child maltreatment. The method was quantitative analysis of secondary data. Changes in family structure fully mediated the relationship between IPV victimization and maternal child physical abuse (D = .069) and partially mediated the impact of IPV on maternal child psychological abuse (D = .051). Households wherein IPV occurs are not only unsafe for children because of potential abuse by the perpetrators, they also create dynamics that increase the risk of child maltreatment by the IPV victim. Treating only substance abuse or managing only child maltreatment may be insufficient if these issues are the direct or indirect result of domestic violence. Programs that integrate services are urgently necessary to address the overlap of child abuse and domestic violence.
    Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal 12/2013; 30(6). DOI:10.1007/s10560-013-0318-0
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