Article

Intersection of Child Abuse and Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence

School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105-6299, USA.
Trauma Violence & Abuse (Impact Factor: 3.27). 05/2008; 9(2):84-99. DOI: 10.1177/1524838008314797
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This review addresses research on the overlap in physical child abuse and domestic violence, the prediction of child outcomes, and resilience in children exposed to family violence. The authors explore current findings on the intersection of physical child abuse and domestic violence within the context of other risk factors, including community violence and related family and environmental stressors. Evidence from the studies reviewed suggests considerable overlap, compounding effects, and possible gender differences in outcomes of violence exposure. The data indicate a need to apply a broad conceptualization of risk to the study of family violence and its effects on children. Further testing of competing theoretical models will advance understanding of the pathways through which exposure leads to later problems in youth, as well as protective factors and processes through which resilience unfolds.

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Available from: Todd I Herrenkohl, Sep 03, 2015
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    • "The experience of one risk can contribute to other risks, which also makes it more challenging for protective resources to mitigate the combination of risks and for a person to Downloaded by [Heather Larkin] at 10:39 10 November 2013 recover from the combined risks. A large body of social science research demonstrates the way in which risks are cumulative and co-occur (Herrenkohl et al., 2008; C. Smith & Carlson, 1997). For example, child abuse is associated with youth runaway behavior, which is in turn correlated with later victimization as well as delinquency (Kim Jung et al., 2009). "
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    • "A. J. Narayan, M. M. Englund, and B. Egeland 980 ment (physical abuse and/or neglect) was also included on every path as a covariate given previous research that calls for the need to separate the effects of EIPV and maltreatment on dating violence (Herrenkohl et al., 2008; Holt et al., 2008). We determined acceptable model fit for the data by evaluating the comparative fit index (CFI), the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), and the standardized root mean square residual (SRMR). "
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