Intersection of Child Abuse and Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence

School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105-6299, USA.
Trauma Violence & Abuse (Impact Factor: 3.27). 05/2008; 9(2):84-99. DOI: 10.1177/1524838008314797
Source: PubMed


This review addresses research on the overlap in physical child abuse and domestic violence, the prediction of child outcomes, and resilience in children exposed to family violence. The authors explore current findings on the intersection of physical child abuse and domestic violence within the context of other risk factors, including community violence and related family and environmental stressors. Evidence from the studies reviewed suggests considerable overlap, compounding effects, and possible gender differences in outcomes of violence exposure. The data indicate a need to apply a broad conceptualization of risk to the study of family violence and its effects on children. Further testing of competing theoretical models will advance understanding of the pathways through which exposure leads to later problems in youth, as well as protective factors and processes through which resilience unfolds.

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Available from: Todd I Herrenkohl,
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    • "In fact, a strong relationship with a caring parent, usually the mother, has been identified as a protective factor in a number of studies (Herrenkohl et al., 2008; Holt, et al., 2008; Schultz, et al., 2013; Skopp, McDonald, Jouriles, & Rosenfield, 2007). Levendosky and Graham-Bermann (1998) studied the effects of parental stress on children in a sample of 60 abused and sheltered compared to 61 women in the community (one third of which unexpectedly reported IPV). "
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    DESCRIPTION: Reviews research on children exposed to intimate partner violence and group treatment for children and youth. Examines published research on such groups reviewing possible methods and measures to use to evaluate group programs for children exposed.
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    • "This may include multiple types of direct victimization (i.e., maltreatment) or a combination of witnessing violence and direct victimization (Finkelhor, Turner, Hamby, & Ormrod, 2011) with considerable overlap between experiencing maltreatment and witnessed violence (Herrenkohl et al., 2008) and direct victimization and community violence (Turner, Finkelhor, & Ormrod, 2010). Studies suggest that the combination of witnessing violence and direct victimization may result in poorer outcomes compared to those with only one type of violence exposure (Herrenkohl et al., 2008). However a meta-analytic review of child witnessed domestic violence and physical abuse did not find significantly different outcomes for those who were both witnesses and victims relative to those with one mode of exposure (Kitzmann, Gaylord, Holt, & Kenny, 2003). "
    American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 01/2015; 85(5):504-513. DOI:10.1037/ort0000081 · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    • "The experience of one risk can contribute to other risks, which also makes it more challenging for protective resources to mitigate the combination of risks and for a person to Downloaded by [Heather Larkin] at 10:39 10 November 2013 recover from the combined risks. A large body of social science research demonstrates the way in which risks are cumulative and co-occur (Herrenkohl et al., 2008; C. Smith & Carlson, 1997). For example, child abuse is associated with youth runaway behavior, which is in turn correlated with later victimization as well as delinquency (Kim Jung et al., 2009). "
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