[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Herein we report the first fully quantum mechanical study of enantioselectivity for a large data set. We show that transition state modeling at the UB3LYP-DFT/6-31G* level of theory can accurately model enantioselectivity for various dioxirane-catalyzed asymmetric epoxidations. All the synthetically useful high selectivities are successfully "predicted" by this method. Our results hint at the utility of this method to further model other asymmetric reactions and facilitate the discovery process for the experimental organic chemist. Our work suggests the possibility of using computational methods not simply to explain organic phenomena, but also to predict them quantitatively.
Journal of the American Chemical Society 03/2009; 131(11):3965-73. · 10.68 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The development and application of ACE, a program that predicts the stereochemical outcome of asymmetric reactions is presented. As major implementations, ACE includes a genetic algorithm to carry out an efficient global conformational search combined with a conjugate gradient minimization routine for local optimization and a corner flap algorithm to search ring conformations. Further improvements have been made that enable ACE to generate Boltzmann populations of conformations, to investigate highly asynchronous reactions, to compute fluctuating partial atomic charges and solvation energy and to automatically construct reactants and products from libraries of catalysts and substrates. Validation on previously investigated reactions (asymmetric Diels Alder cycloadditions and organocatalyzed aldol reactions) followed by application to a number of alkene epoxidation reactions and a comparative study of DFT-derived and ACE-derived predictions demonstrate the accuracy and usefulness of ACE in the context of asymmetric catalyst design.
Journal of Computational Chemistry 10/2011; 32(13):2878-89. · 3.84 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.