Ankle brachial index < 0.9 underestimates the prevalence of peripheral artery occlusive disease assessed with whole-body magnetic resonance angiography in the elderly
ABSTRACT Whole-body magnetic resonance angiography (WBMRA) permits noninvasive vascular assessment, which can be utilized in epidemiological studies.
To assess the relation between a low ankle brachial index (ABI) and high-grade stenoses in the pelvic and leg arteries in the elderly.
WBMRA was performed in a population sample of 306 subjects aged 70 years. The arteries below the aortic bifurcation were graded after the most severe stenosis according to one of three grades: 0-49% stenosis, 50-99% stenosis, or occlusion. ABI was calculated for each side.
There were assessable WBMRA and ABI examinations in 268 (right side), 265 (left side), and 258 cases (both sides). At least one > or =50% stenosis was found in 19% (right side), 23% (left side), and 28% (on at least one side) of the cases. The corresponding prevalences for ABI <0.9 were 4.5%, 4.2%, and 6.6%. An ABI cut-off value of 0.9 resulted in a sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value of 20%, 99%, 83%, and 84% on the right side, and 15%, 99%, 82%, and 80% on the left side, respectively, for the presence of a > or =50% stenosis in the pelvic or leg arteries.
An ABI <0.9 underestimates the prevalence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease in the general elderly population.
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ABSTRACT: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a marker of systemic atherosclerosis and most patients with PAD also have concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD). There are no published data investigating the relationship between PAD and CAD complexity assessed by a well-accepted classification system such as the SYNTAX score (SS) or Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus II (TASC II). The study population consisted of 72 patients who underwent coronary angiography for the assessment of CAD. At the same session, peripheral angiography was performed in cases of suspected PAD. A coronary lesion was defined as significant if it caused a 50% reduction of the luminal diameter by visual estimation in vessels ≥ 1.5 mm. The SYNTAX score was computed by dedicated software. Patients with peripheral artery disease were divided into four groups according to the Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus II classification. Numbers of patients with peripheral artery disease classified as A, B, C, and D by the Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus II classification were 27, 16, 18 and 11, respectively. SYNTAX scores for each group from A to D were 10 ±9, 11 ±10, 24 ±13 and 27 ±12, respectively; p for trend < 0.001. Higher Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus II classification is associated with higher SYNTAX score in patients who underwent coronary and peripheral diagnostic angiography. It may suggest that arterial atherosclerotic disease complexity is a systemic panvascular phenomenon.Postepy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej / Advances in Interventional Cardiology 11/2013; 9(4):344-7. DOI:10.5114/pwki.2013.38863 · 0.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Vascular disease expression in one location may not be representative for disease severity in other vascular territories, however, strong correlation between disease expression and severity within the same vascular segment may be expected. Therefore, we hypothesized that aortic stiffening is more strongly associated with disease expression in a vascular territory directly linked to that aortic segment rather than in a more remote segment. We prospectively compared the association between aortic wall stiffness, expressed by pulse wave velocity (PWV), sampled in the distal aorta, with the severity of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) as compared to atherosclerotic markers sampled in remote vascular territories such as PWV in the proximal aorta and the normalized wall index (NWI), representing the vessel wall thickness, of the left common carotid artery. Forty-two patients (23 men; mean age 64±10 years) underwent velocity-encoded cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in the proximal and distal aorta, whole-body contrast-enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA) and carotid vessel wall imaging with black-blood CMR in the work-up for PAOD. Strength of associations between aortic stiffness, carotid NWI and peripheral vascular stenosis grade were assessed and evaluated with multiple linear regression. Stenosis severity correlated well with PWV in the distal aorta (Pearson rP=0.64, p<0.001, Spearman rS=0.65, p<0.001) but to a lesser extent with PWV in the proximal aorta (rP=0.48, p=0.002, rS=0.22, p=0.18). Carotid NWI was not associated with peripheral stenosis severity (rP=0.17, p=0.28, rS=0.14, p=0.37) nor with PWV in the proximal aorta (rP=0.22, p=0.17) nor in the distal aorta (rP=0.21, p=0.18). Correlation between stenosis severity and distal aortic PWV remained statistically significant after correction for age and gender. Distal aortic wall stiffness is more directly related to peripheral arterial stenosis severity than markers from more remote vascular territories such as proximal aortic wall stiffness or carotid arterial wall thickness. Site-specific evaluation of vascular disease may be required for full vascular risk estimation.