Article

Frequent epigenetic silencing of the FHIT gene in penile squamous cell carcinomas.

Department of Pathology, Yamagata University School of Medicine, 2-2-2 Iida-Nishi, Yamagata 990-9585, Japan.
Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin (Impact Factor: 2.56). 05/2008; 452(4):377-82. DOI: 10.1007/s00428-008-0597-6
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Methylation of normally unmethylated CpG-rich islands in or near the promoter region has been associated with transcriptional inactivation of tumor-suppressor and tumor-related genes in human cancers. However, so far, only a few studies have searched for DNA methylation in penile carcinoma (PC). On the other hand, human papillomavirus (HPV) has been reported to be associated with the pathogenesis of PC. To elucidate the methylation status of PC and HPV infection, the methylation status of eight genes (DAPK, FHIT, MGMT, p14, p16, RAR-beta, RASSF1A, and RUNX3), the incidences of the HPV status, and the expression of Fhit protein were examined in 25 PCs. The frequencies of methylation were: 28% for DAPK, 92% for FHIT, 20% for MGMT, 4% for p14, 24% for p16, 24% for RAR-beta, 12% for RASSF1A, and 44% for RUNX3. Negative expression of Fhit protein was observed in 22 of the 25 cancers (88%). Among those 22, 20 showed methylation of the FHIT gene. HPV-DNA was detected in three of the 25 cancers (12%). Methylation of FHIT gene was frequently found than HPV infection, therefore methylation of the FHIT gene is suggested to play an important role in the pathogenesis of penile squamous cell carcinoma.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
76 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Earlier studies indicate that epigenetics contribute to the pathogenesis of penile squamous cell carcinoma. Histone methylation patterns are frequently altered during carcinogenesis. Therefore, we investigated the methylation pattern of the histones H3K4, H3K9 and H3K27 in penile carcinoma and normal tissue.
    The Journal of urology 03/2013; 189(3-3):1117-1122. · 3.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the genital skin of unknown aetiology. The role of LS in penile squamous cell carcinogenesis is not well characterized. HPV has been implicated in both, as have epigenetic changes. The presence of HPV and hypermethylation of the MGMT, p16, RASSF1, RASSF2, TSLC1 and TSP1 genes were studied in penile LS; MGMT, RASSF2 and TSLC1 hypermethylation in penile cancer and TSLC1 hypermethylation in vulvar LS and cancer extends previous results reported by our group. Thirty-seven HPV genotypes and hypermethylation were evaluated by PCR/reverse-line-blot and methylation-specific PCR respectively, in 27 preputial LS, 24 penile SCC, 30 vulvar SCC, 21 vulvar LS and 22 normal skin cases. HPV66 was present in 3.7% of penile LS cases, and p16 and RASSF2 hypermethylation were more frequent in penile cancer than in penile LS. p16, RASSF1, RASSF2 and TSP1 hypermethylation were similar in penile and vulvar LS. Gene hypermethylation is a common event in penile LS, and occurs approximately as frequently as in vulvar LS. Certain genes can be hypermethylated as an early or late event in LS or cancer, respectively. This suggests a possible sequential role for these alterations in the transition from benign to malignant lesions.
    Histopathology 06/2013; · 3.30 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Penile carcinoma (PeCa) represents an important public health problem in poor and developing countries. Despite its unpredictable behavior and aggressive treatment, there have only been a few reports regarding its molecular data, especially epigenetic mechanisms. The functional diversity in different cell types is acquired by chromatin modifications, which are established by epigenetic regulatory mechanisms involving DNA methylation, histone acetylation, and miRNAs. Recent evidence indicates that the dysregulation in these processes can result in the development of several diseases, including cancer. Epigenetic alterations, such as the methylation of CpGs islands, may reveal candidates for the development of specific markers for cancer detection, diagnosis and prognosis. There are a few reports on the epigenetic alterations in PeCa, and most of these studies have only focused on alterations in specific genes in a limited number of cases. This review aims to provide an overview of the current knowledge of the epigenetic alterations in PeCa and the promising results in this field. The identification of epigenetically altered genes in PeCa is an important step in understanding the mechanisms involved in this unexplored disease.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 06/2013; 14(6):10791-10808. · 2.34 Impact Factor