Re: Modafinil for treatment of fatigue in post-polio syndrome: a randomized controlled trial.
- Sleep Medicine Clinics 09/2010; 5(3):451-470. DOI:10.1016/j.jsmc.2010.05.008
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ABSTRACT: Updated, robust estimates of the incidence and prevalence of rare long-term neurological conditions in the UK are not available. Global estimates may be misrepresentative as disease aetiology may vary by location. To systematically review the incidence and prevalence of long-term neurological conditions in the UK since 1988. Search Strategy: Medline (January 1988 to January 2009), Embase (January 1988 to January 2009), CINAHL (January 1988 to January 2009) and Cochrane CENTRAL databases. UK population-based incidence/prevalence studies of long-term neurological conditions since 1988. Exclusion criteria included inappropriate diagnoses and incomprehensive case ascertainment. Data Collection and Analysis: Articles were included based on the selection criteria. Data were extracted from articles with ranges of incidence and prevalence reported. Eight studies met the criteria (3 on motor neurone disease; 4 on Huntington's disease; 1 on progressive supranuclear palsy). The incidence of motor neurone disease ranged from 1.06 to 2.4/100,000 person-years. The prevalence ranged from 4.02 to 4.91/100,000. The prevalence of Huntington's disease ranged from 4.0 to 9.94/100,000. The prevalence of progressive supranuclear palsy ranged from 3.1 to 6.5/100,000. The review updates the incidence/prevalence of long-term neurological conditions. Future epidemiological studies must incorporate comprehensive case ascertainment methods and strict diagnostic criteria.Neuroepidemiology 11/2010; 36(1):19-28. DOI:10.1159/000321712 · 2.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fatigue is a common and potentially debilitating symptom of neuromuscular disease (NMD). Studies show that patients with NMD subjectively report increased levels of fatigue. Laboratory testing has demonstrated that patients with NMD show objective physiological signs of increased fatigue, with both central and peripheral components. To date, no treatment has been proven to be truly effective through evidence-based medicine. Thus, the clinician must use a multimodality approach to treating fatigue in patients with NMD. Management interventions are generally based on a sequential approach including treatment of comorbid factors, with the goal of maximizing physical and psychological functioning. This might include low-intensity exercise training, cognitive therapy, treatment of associated depression, correction of risk factors such as obesity, poor nutrition, and inactivity (deconditioning). Optimizing cardiopulmonary function is also critical and measures such as noninvasive, positive pressure ventilation may reduce fatigue in patients with NMD. Novel medications such as modafinil, a nonamphetamine stimulant, may be a helpful pharmacological treatment. Nutraceutical agents, such as creatine monohydrate, coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), and alpha-lipoic acid, may also improve neuromuscular function and reduce fatigue.The American journal of hospice & palliative care 03/2010; 27(2):145-57. DOI:10.1177/1049909109358420 · 1.35 Impact Factor
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