Compromised bone marrow perfusion in osteoporosis.
ABSTRACT A link between bone blood flow and osteoporosis may exist. Outside of the spine, the proximal femur is the most common site of osteoporotic fracture and is also an area prone to avascular necrosis and fracture nonunion. This study of the proximal femur investigates the relationship between BMD, bone marrow fat content, bone perfusion, and muscle perfusion. One hundred twenty healthy female subjects (mean age, 74 yr; age range, 67-89 yr) underwent DXA examination of the hip, proton MR spectroscopy, and dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging of the right proximal femur, acetabulum, and adductor thigh muscle. In all bone areas examined (femoral head, femoral neck, femoral shaft, acetabulum), perfusion indices (maximum enhancement, enhancement slope) were significantly reduced in subjects with osteoporosis compared with subjects with osteopenia or normal BMD. Adductor muscle perfusion was not affected by change in BMD. As marrow perfusion decreased in the proximal femur, marrow fat increased (r = 0.827). This increase in fat content seemed to account for the decrease in marrow perfusion more than a reduction in BMD. For normal BMD subjects, perfusion parameters in the femoral head were one third of those in the femoral neck or shaft and one fifth of those in the acetabulum. Perfusion throughout the proximal femur is reduced in osteoporotic subjects compared with osteopenic and normal subjects. This reduction in perfusion only affects bone and not those tissues outside of bone with the same blood supply. As bone perfusion decreased, there was a corresponding increase in marrow fat.
Dataset: Differences in regional bone metabolism at the spine and hip: a quantitative study using (18)F-fluoride positron emission tomography.
Article: Differences in regional bone metabolism at the spine and hip: a quantitative study using (18)F-fluoride positron emission tomography.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study showed that regional bone blood flow and (18)F-fluoride bone plasma clearance measured by positron emission tomography are three times lower at the hip than the lumbar spine. INTRODUCTION: Measurements of effective bone plasma flow (K (1)), bone plasma clearance (K ( i )) and standardised uptake values (SUV) using (18)F-fluoride positron emission tomography ((18)F-PET) provide a useful means of studying regional bone metabolism at different sites in the skeleton. This study compares the regional (18)F-fluoride kinetics and SUV at the hip and lumbar spine (LS). METHODS: Twelve healthy postmenopausal women with no history of metabolic bone disease apart from two with untreated osteoporosis were recruited. Each subject underwent 60-min dynamic (18)F-PET scans at the LS and proximal femur two weeks apart. K (1), K ( i ) and SUV were measured at the LS (mean of L(1)-L(4)), femoral neck (FN), total hip (TH) and femoral shaft (FS). Differences between sites were assessed using the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test with a Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. RESULTS: Values of K (1), K ( i ) and SUV at the FN, TH and FS were three times lower than at the LS (p = 0.003). Amongst the proximal femur sites, K ( i ) and SUV were lower at the FS compared with the FN and TH, and SUV was lower at the TH compared with the FN (all p < 0.05). The volume of distribution was lower at the TH and FS compared with the LS (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The lower values of K (1), K ( i ) and SUV at the hip suggest that lower bone blood flow in the proximal femur is an important factor explaining the principal reason for the differences in bone fluoride kinetics between the LS and hip sites.Osteoporosis International 05/2012; · 4.58 Impact Factor