Evidence of GATA-3-dependent Th2 commitment during the in vivo immune response.
ABSTRACT The transcription factor GATA-3 has been shown to play an important role for the in vitro induction of T(h)2 cells. To clarify how the in vivo immune response is governed under GATA-3 function, we generated double-transgenic mice by crossing GATA-3 transgenic mice with ovalbumin (OVA)-specific TCR transgenic mice. After immunization with OVA, the double-transgenic mice showed increased expression of GATA-3 in antigen-reactive fresh CD4(+) T cells, and higher production of IL-5 and IL-13 in cultured spleen cells in the presence of cognate antigen without any polarizing conditions for T(h)2 cells. Moreover, the immunized double-transgenic mice showed a higher increase of in vivo secretion of IL-5 and IL-13 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid after OVA aerosol challenging. The serum levels of OVA-specific IgG1, IgE and IgA antibodies were much higher in the immunized double-transgenic mice than TCR transgenic mice. These findings provide direct evidence that antigen-stimulated CD4(+) T cells in the immunized mice have already been committed into T(h)2 cells producing IL-5 and IL-13 selectively through enhanced GATA-3 expression in vivo, thereby inducing higher production of antigen-specific antibody for three isotypes other than IgM.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Nobunao Ikewaki, Mar 25, 2015
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ABSTRACT: Airway inflammation in allergic asthma reflects a threshold response of the innate immune system, including group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2), followed by an adaptive Th2 cell-mediated response. Transcription factor Gata3 is essential for differentiation of both Th2 cells and ILC2. We investigated the effects of enforced Gata3 expression in T cells and ILC2 on the susceptibility of mice to allergic airway inflammation (AAI). We used CD2-Gata3 transgenic (Tg) mice with enforced Gata3 expression driven by the CD2 promoter, which is active both in T cells and during ILC2 development. CD2-Gata3 Tg mice and wild-type (WT) littermates were analyzed in mild models of AAI without adjuvants. Whereas OVA allergen exposure did not induce inflammation in WT controls, CD2-Gata3 Tg mice showed clear AAI and enhanced levels of IL-5 and IL-13 in bronchoalveolar lavage. Likewise, in house dust mite-driven asthma, CD2-Gata3 Tg mice were significantly more susceptible to AAI than WT littermates, whereby both ILC2 and Th2 cells were important cellular sources of IL-5 and IL-13 in bronchoalveolar lavage and lung tissue. Compared with WT littermates, CD2-Gata3 Tg mice contained increased numbers of ILC2, which expressed high levels of IL-33R and contributed significantly to early production of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13. CD2-Gata3 Tg mice also had a unique population of IL-33-responsive non-B/non-T lymphoid cells expressing IFN-γ. Enforced Gata3 expression is therefore sufficient to enhance Th2 and ILC2 activity, and leads to increased susceptibility to AAI after mild exposure to inhaled harmless Ags that otherwise induce Ag tolerance.The Journal of Immunology 01/2014; 192(4). DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1301888 · 5.36 Impact Factor
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