Evidence of GATA-3-dependent Th2 commitment during the in vivo immune response.

Department of Microbiology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, 228-8555 Kanagawa, Japan.
International Immunology (Impact Factor: 3.14). 02/2004; 16(1):179-87. DOI: 10.1093/intimm/dxh026
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The transcription factor GATA-3 has been shown to play an important role for the in vitro induction of T(h)2 cells. To clarify how the in vivo immune response is governed under GATA-3 function, we generated double-transgenic mice by crossing GATA-3 transgenic mice with ovalbumin (OVA)-specific TCR transgenic mice. After immunization with OVA, the double-transgenic mice showed increased expression of GATA-3 in antigen-reactive fresh CD4(+) T cells, and higher production of IL-5 and IL-13 in cultured spleen cells in the presence of cognate antigen without any polarizing conditions for T(h)2 cells. Moreover, the immunized double-transgenic mice showed a higher increase of in vivo secretion of IL-5 and IL-13 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid after OVA aerosol challenging. The serum levels of OVA-specific IgG1, IgE and IgA antibodies were much higher in the immunized double-transgenic mice than TCR transgenic mice. These findings provide direct evidence that antigen-stimulated CD4(+) T cells in the immunized mice have already been committed into T(h)2 cells producing IL-5 and IL-13 selectively through enhanced GATA-3 expression in vivo, thereby inducing higher production of antigen-specific antibody for three isotypes other than IgM.

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