Chip-Based Enrichment and NanoLC-MS/MS Analysis of Phosphopeptides from Whole Lysates.

Biomolecular Mass Spectrometry and Proteomics Group, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research and Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, Sorbonnelaan 16, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Journal of Proteome Research (Impact Factor: 5). 05/2008; 7(4):1565-71. DOI: 10.1021/pr700635a
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Protein phosphorylation may be the most widespread and possibly most important post-translational modification (PTM). Considering such a claim, it should be no surprise that huge efforts have been made to improve methods to allow comprehensive study of cellular phosphorylation events. Nevertheless, comprehensive identification of sites of protein phosphorylation is still a challenge, best left to experienced proteomics experts. Recent advances in HPLC chip manufacturing have created an environment to allow automation of popular techniques in the bioanalytical world. One such tool that would benefit from the increased ease and confidence brought by automated 'nanoflow' analysis is phosphopeptide enrichment. To this end, we have developed a reusable HPLC nanoflow rate chip using TiO 2 particles for selective phosphopeptide enrichment. Such a design proved robust, easy to use, and was capable of consistent performance over tens of analyses including minute amounts of complex cellular lysates.

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    ABSTRACT: Protein phosphorylation is a ubiquitous posttranslational modification, which is heavily involved in signal transduction. Misregulation of protein phosphorylation is often associated with a decrease in cell viability and complex diseases such as cancer. The dynamic and low abundant nature of phosphorylated proteins makes studying phosphoproteome a challenging task. In this review, we summarize state of the art proteomic techniques to study and quantify peptide phosphorylation in biological systems and discuss their limitations. Due to its short-lived nature, the phosphorylation event cannot be precisely traced in a heterogonous cell population, which highlights the importance of analyzing phosphorylation events at the single cell level. Mainly, we focus on the methodical and instrumental developments in proteomics and nanotechnology, which will help to build more accurate and robust systems for the feasibility of phosphorylation analysis at the single cell level. We propose that an automated and miniaturized construction of analytical systems holds the key to the future of phosphoproteomics; therefore, we highlight the benchmark studies in this direction. Having advanced and automated microfluidic chip LC systems will allow us to analyze single-cell phosphoproteomics and quantitatively compare it with others. The progress in the microfluidic chip LC systems and feasibility of the single-cell phosphoproteomics will be beneficial for early diagnosis and detection of the treatment response of many crucial diseases.
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    ABSTRACT: Reversible phosphorylation plays a key role in numerous biological processes. Mass spectrometry-based approaches are commonly used to analyze protein phosphorylation, but such analysis is challenging, largely due to the low phosphorylation stoichiometry. Hence, a number of phosphopeptide enrichment strategies have been developed, including metal oxide affinity chromatography (MOAC). Here, we describe a new material for performing MOAC that employs a magnetite-doped polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), that is suitable for the creation of microwell array and microfluidic systems to enable low volume, high throughput analysis. Incubation time and sample loading were explored and optimized and demonstrate that the embedded magnetite is able to enrich phosphopeptides. This substrate-based approach is rapid, straightforward and suitable for simultaneously performing multiple, low volume enrichments.
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    ABSTRACT: Phosphoproteomic analysis seeks to determine the overall level of protein phosphorylation, as a result of kinase and phosphatase activity, and determine the identity of proteins which are phosphorylated and the amino acid residues which hold the phosphate group. The methodologies available have improved with increased research efforts; however, the most commonly followed procedure is to enrich for phosphoproteins or peptides and undertake tandem mass spectrometric analysis focusing on specific signature losses which represent phosphopeptides. There have been many advances in this area and these are detailed both in relation to available protocols for phosphoproteomic analysis and to the widening range of biomedical fields in which such approaches are being commonly applied.
    Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology 01/2014; 95:25-69. DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-800453-1.00002-6 · 3.74 Impact Factor

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