Monoclonal antibody recognizing N-terminal epitope of hepatitis C virus nonstructural 5B inhibits viral RNA replication.
ABSTRACT The nonstructural 5B (NS5B) protein of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) with a key role in HCV replication. To characterize the functional roles of NS5B in HCV replication, we produced a panel of 10 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed against NS5B protein from mice immunized with functionally active RdRp. The epitopes of eight mAbs are localized in the middle region (amino acid 240-263) of NS5B protein. On the other hand, the epitopes of two mAbs are mapped to amino acids 67-88 at the N-terminus of NS5B protein. To examine the effects of mAbs on HCV-RNA replication, we performed in vitro RdRp assay using either the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) or the full-length of HCV-RNA as a template in the presence of each mAb. mAbs specific for the middle region of NS5B had no effect on RdRp activity. Surprisingly, mAb recognizing the N-terminal region of NS5B inhibited RdRp activity in a dose-dependent manner. We have confirmed the same result using the other subclass of mAb, whose epitope is also localized to the same N-terminal region of NS5B. These data show that NS5B contains a B-cell epitope located between amino acid residues 67 and 88. Binding of this epitope with an antibody interferes with the enzymatic function of NS5B.
- SourceAvailable from: Partha Chandra[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health problem with more than 170 million cases of chronic infections worldwide. There is no protective vaccine currently available for HCV, therefore the development of novel strategy to prevent chronic infection is important. We reported earlier that a recombinant human antibody clone blocks viral NS3 helicase activity and inhibits replication of HCV 1b virus. This study was performed further to explore the mechanism of action of this recombinant antibody and to determine whether or not this antibody inhibits replication and infectivity of a highly efficient JFH1 HCV 2a virus clone. The antiviral effect of intracellular expressed antibody against the HCV 2a virus strain was examined using a full-length green fluorescence protein (GFP) labeled infectious cell culture system. For this purpose, a Huh-7.5 cell line stably expressing the NS3 helicase gene specific IgG1 antibody was prepared. Replication of full-length HCV-GFP chimera RNA and negative-strand RNA was strongly inhibited in Huh-7.5 cells stably expressing NS3 antibody but not in the cells expressing an unrelated control antibody. Huh-7.5 cells stably expressing NS3 helicase antibody effectively suppressed infectious virus production after natural infection and the level of HCV in the cell free supernatant remained undetectable after first passage. In contrast, Huh-7.5 cells stably expressing an control antibody against influenza virus had no effect on virus production and high-levels of infectious HCV were detected in culture supernatants over four rounds of infectivity assay. A recombinant adenovirus based expression system was used to demonstrate that Huh-7.5 replicon cell line expressing the intracellular antibody strongly inhibited the replication of HCV-GFP RNA. Recombinant human anti-HCV NS3 antibody clone inhibits replication of HCV 2a virus and infectious virus production. Intracellular expression of this recombinant antibody offers a potential antiviral strategy to inhibit intracellular HCV replication and production.Virology Journal 06/2010; 7:118. DOI:10.1186/1743-422X-7-118 · 2.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The nonstructural 5A (NS5A) protein of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a multifunctional protein that leads to pleiotropic responses, in part by regulating cell growth and cellular signaling pathways. Here, we produced monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed against the HCV NS5A protein. The N-terminal epitope was mapped to amino acids 60-80 of the NS5A protein, and the epitope in the middle region was mapped to amino acids 221-236. Because these epitopes overlap with binding regions of human vesicle-associated membrane-protein-associated protein (hVAP)-B and TNF-receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2), respectively, we investigated these mAbs for their potential capacity to inhibit viral and cellular interactions. We found that NS5A and hVAP-B interaction was abolished by mAb E5D3, and NS5A and TRAF2 interaction was inhibited by mAb C6D4. Since hVAP-B is necessary for HCV replication and TRAF2 is the major transducer in TNF signaling cascades, these data may provide further insights into the mechanisms underlying HCV replication and viral modulation of host signal transduction.Archives of Virology 05/2009; 154(5):843-51. DOI:10.1007/s00705-009-0386-9 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), encoded by nonstructural protein 5B (NS5B), is absolutely essential for the viral replication. Here we describe the development, characterization, and functional properties of the panel of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and specifically describe the mechanism of action of two mAbs inhibiting the NS5B RdRp activity. These mAbs recognize and bind to distinct linear epitopes in the fingers subdomain of NS5B. The mAb 8B2 binds the N-terminal epitope of the NS5B and inhibits both primer-dependent and de novo RNA synthesis. mAb 8B2 selectively inhibits elongation of RNA chains and enhances the RNA template binding by NS5B. In contrast, mAb 7G8 binds the epitope that contains motif G conserved in viral RdRps and inhibits only primer-dependent RNA synthesis by specifically targeting the initiation of RNA synthesis, while not interfering with the binding of template RNA by NS5B. To reveal the importance of the residues of mAb 7G8 epitope for the initiation of RNA synthesis, we performed site-directed mutagenesis and extensively characterized the functionality of the HCV RdRp motif G. Comparison of the mutation effects in both in vitro primer-dependent RdRp assay and cellular transient replication assay suggested that mAb 7G8 epitope amino acid residues are involved in the interaction of template-primer or template with HCV RdRp. The data presented here allowed us to describe the functionality of the epitopes of mAbs 8B2 and 7G8 in the HCV RdRp activity and suggest that the epitopes recognized by these mAbs may be useful targets for antiviral drugs.Journal of Biological Chemistry 07/2008; 283(35):24089-102. DOI:10.1074/jbc.M803422200 · 4.60 Impact Factor