Combined therapy with cinacalcet and low doses of vitamin D sterols in patients with moderate to severe secondary hyperparathyroidism

Denver Nephrologists, Denver, CO 80230, USA.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.49). 07/2008; 23(7):2311-8. DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfn026
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Adequate control of all four KDOQI biochemical targets for chronic kidney disease, bone and mineral disorder (CKD-MBD), which include parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P) and Ca x P, remains difficult and is accomplished in <6% of patients receiving haemodialysis. The objective of the current study was to determine whether treatment with cinacalcet combined with low doses of vitamin D sterols improves control of both PTH and Ca x P among haemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT).
This multicentre, open-label study enrolled haemodialysis subjects (N = 444) with moderate to severe sHPT (mean serum biPTH > 160-430 pg/mL) (approximately iPTH 300-800 pg/mL or ng/L). Cinacalcet was titrated sequentially (30-180 mg/day) during an 8-week dose-titration phase to achieve biPTH <or=160 pg/mL (approximately iPTH 300 pg/mL or ng/L) and efficacy was assessed over 8 weeks. At week 2 of the study, subjects receiving vitamin D sterols had doses reduced to the equivalent of 2 mcg of paricalcitol three times a week or 6 mcg/week. Among the efficacy endpoints were the proportion of subjects with mean biPTH <or=160 pg/mL (approximately iPTH 300 pg/mL or ng/L), with mean Ca x P <or=55 mg(2)/dL(2) (4.4 mmol(2)/L(2)) and with both simultaneously during the assessment phase.
The majority of subjects (n = 375) reached the assessment phase of the study and were included in efficacy analyses; 39 subjects withdrew due to adverse events. Sixty-two percent of subjects achieved the biPTH target, 83% achieved the Ca x P target and 54% reached both targets. Treatment reduced biPTH by 35% (P < 0.0001), calcium by 11% (P < 0.0001), phosphorus by 7% (P < 0.0001) and Ca x P by 17% (P < 0.0001). The proportion of subjects with values for biPTH, for Ca x P and for both biPTH and Ca x P within the target range during the assessment phase did not differ between subjects who received cinacalcet together with vitamin D sterols, and those who received cinacalcet alone.
Among subjects with moderate to severe sHPT undergoing haemodialysis, combined therapy with cinacalcet and low doses of vitamin D sterols improved achievement of the biochemical targets for CKD-MBD recommended by the KDOQI guidelines.

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    ABSTRACT: Persistent hyperparathyroidism (HPT) after kidney transplantation (KTx) is associated with hypercalcemia, hypophosphatemia and abnormally high levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH). In this randomized trial, cinacalcet was compared to placebo for the treatment of hypercalcemia in adult patients with persistent HPT after KTx. Subjects were randomized 1:1 to cinacalcet or placebo with randomization stratified by baseline corrected total serum calcium levels (≤11.2 mg/dL [2.80 mmol/L] or >11.2 mg/dL [2.80 mmol/L]). The primary end point was achievement of a mean corrected total serum calcium value <10.2 mg/dL (2.55 mmol/L) during the efficacy period. The two key secondary end points were percent change in bone mineral density (BMD) at the femoral neck and absolute change in phosphorus; 78.9% cinacalcet- versus 3.5% placebo-treated subjects achieved the primary end point with a difference of 75.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 63.8, 87.1), p < 0.001. There was no statistical difference in the percent change in BMD at the femoral neck between cinacalcet and placebo groups, p = 0.266. The difference in the change in phosphorus between the two arms was 0.45 mg/dL (95% CI: 0.26, 0.64), p < 0.001 (nominal). No new safety signals were detected. In conclusion, hypercalcemia and hypophosphatemia were effectively corrected after treatment with cinacalcet in patients with persistent HPT after KTx.
    American Journal of Transplantation 09/2014; 14(11). DOI:10.1111/ajt.12911 · 6.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The effect of cinacalcet in patients with persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) after kidney transplantation (RT) has mainly been reported in patients with secondary hypercalcaemia. Objectives: Our objective was to assess the long-term effect of cinacalcet on patients with a RT and normocalcaemic SHPT. Methods: A one-year multicentre, observational, retrospective study that included kidney recipients with SHPT (intact parathyroid hormone [iPTH] >120pg/ml) and calcium levels within the normal range (8.4-10.2mg/dl). Patients began treatment with cinacalcet in clinical practice. Results: 32 patients with a mean age (standard deviation [SD]) of 54 (11) years, 56% male, were included in the study. Treatment with cinacalcet began a median of 16 months after RT (median dose of 30mg/day). Levels of iPTH decreased from a median (P25, P75) of 364 (220, 531) pg/ml at the start of the study to 187 (98, 320) after 6 months (48.6% reduction, P=.001) and to 145 (91, 195) after 12 months (60.2% reduction, P=.001), without there being changes in calcium and phosphorus levels (P=.214 and P=.216, respectively). No changes were observed in kidney function or anti-calcineuric drug levels. 3.1% of patients discontinued cinacalcet due to intolerance and 6.2% due to a lack of efficacy. Conclusions: In patients with normocalcaemic SHPT after RT, cinacalcet improves the control of serum PTH values without causing changes to calcaemia, phosphataemia or kidney function. Cinacalcet showed good tolerability.
    Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia 01/2014; 34(1):62-68. DOI:10.3265/Nefrologia.pre2013.Aug.12183 · 1.44 Impact Factor


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