Food safety evaluation of broccoli and radish sprouts

Instituto de Fermentaciones Industriales (CSIC), Madrid, Spain.
Food and Chemical Toxicology (Impact Factor: 2.61). 06/2008; 46(5):1635-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2008.01.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Three cultivars of broccoli seeds (Brassica oleracea var. italica), cv. Tiburon, cv. Belstar and cv. Lucky, and two cultivars of radish seeds (Raphanus sativus), cv. Rebel and cv. Bolide, were germinated for three and five days and safety aspects such as microbiological counts and biogenic amines were investigated. Cytotoxicity evaluation was also carried out. Broccoli and radish sprouts contained numbers of mesophilic, psychrotrophic, total and faecal coliform bacteria which are the usual counts for minimally processed germinated seeds. Putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, tyramine, spermidine and spermine increased during sprout production although these levels were below those permitted by legislation (5 mg/100 g of edible food). Broccoli and radish sprouts demonstrated no toxic effects on proliferation and viability of HL-60 cells and should be included in our diets as healthy and safe fresh foods.

Download full-text


Available from: Cristina Martinez-Villaluenga, Jun 28, 2015
1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Summary of the Thesis: Vegetables have always been considered as healthy food. So also Brassica vegetables are well known all over the world as a common food due to the presence of health affecting compounds (Chapter 2). A vast amount of data is available for health promoting compounds in Brassicaceae vegetables. These health promoting affects are due to a range of phytochemicals including primary (carbohydrates, amino acids and organic acid) and secondary metabolites (phenolics and glucosinolates), along with vitamins and minerals. These metabolites are interconnected through different biosynthetic pathways and are affected by different external stimuli. Plant metabolic responses are specific for different kinds of stress, but use in part similar metabolic pathways (Chapter 3). Certain internal or external factors play an important role for the metabolite profile of vegetables, thus changing the nutritional value for human (Chapter 4). These factors are related to the plant response to external stress factors and helping the plant to survive. These factors includes bacteria (Chapter 5), metals ions ( Chapter 6) and post harvest storage conditions (Chapter 7). The aim of this thesis was to study the Brassica phytochemicals and their response to stress factors by using a holistic analytical approach.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Reducing carbohydrates in maple syrup and maple sugar were separated by capillary electrophoresis using derivatization with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone (PMP) and the characteristics of these samples were studied. Reducing carbohydrate standards including nine monosaccharides and five disaccharides as PMP derivatives could be easily resolved by using 200 mM borate buffer (pH 10.5) as a background electrolyte. Glucose was the most abundant reducing sugar in both maple samples, and mannose was abundant relative to the other sugars. The other monosaccharides (xylose, arabinose, ribose, galactose and N-acetylglucosamine) were also detected. When maple syrup and maple sugar were treated with invertase, which removed fructose residues from the reducing ends of fructosyl saccharides, melibiose was detected, suggesting that raffinose exists in both samples. The differences of carbohydrate contents between maple syrup and maple sugar were also discussed.
    Chromatographia 09/2012; 75(17-18). DOI:10.1007/s10337-012-2199-3 · 1.37 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plants face a number of biotic and abiotic environmental stress factors during growth. Among the abiotic factors, in particular, a great deal of attention has been paid to metals not only because of their increasing amounts in the environment due to rapid industrial development but also because of the variation of metal composition in soil. Cultivation of crops close to industrial areas or irrigation with contaminated water may result in both growth inhibition and tissue accumulation of metals. Brassica species are well known as metal accumulators and are being used for phytoremediation of contaminated soils. However, the metal tolerance mechanism in the plant still remains unclear. In order to investigate the metabolomic changes induced by metal ions in Brassica, plants were subjected to concentrations 50, 100, 250 and 500 mmol of copper (Cu), iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) in separate treatments. (1)H NMR and two-dimensional NMR spectra coupled with principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least square-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were applied to investigate the metabolic change in Brassica rapa (var. Raapstelen). The (1)H-NMR analysis followed by the application of chemometric methods revealed a number of metabolic consequences. Among the metabolites that showed variation, glucosinolates and hydroxycinnamic acids conjugated with malates were found to be the discriminating metabolites as were primary metabolites like carbohydrates and amino acids. This study shows that the effects of Cu and Fe on plant metabolism were larger than those of Mn and that the metabolomic changes varied not only according to the type of metal but also according to its concentration.
    Journal of plant physiology 07/2008; 165(14):1429-37. DOI:10.1016/j.jplph.2008.04.011 · 2.77 Impact Factor